Elasticsearch::API

This library is part of the elasticsearch-ruby package; please refer to it, unless you want to use this library standalone.


The elasticsearch-api library provides a Ruby implementation of the Elasticsearch REST API.

It does not provide an Elasticsearch client; see the elasticsearch-transport library.

The library is compatible with Ruby 1.8.7 or higher.

The library is compatible with Elasticsearch 0.90 and 1.0 -- you have to install and use a matching version, though.

The 1.x versions and the master branch are compatible with Elasticsearch 1.x API.

To use the Elasticsearch 0.90 API, install the 0.4.x gem version or use the corresponding 0.4 branch.

Installation

Install the package from Rubygems:

gem install elasticsearch-api

To use an unreleased version, either add it to your Gemfile for Bundler:

gem 'elasticsearch-api', git: 'git://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-ruby.git'

or install it from a source code checkout:

git clone https://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-ruby.git
cd elasticsearch-ruby/elasticsearch-api
bundle install
rake install

Usage

The library is designed as a group of standalone Ruby modules, which can be mixed into a class providing connection to Elasticsearch -- an Elasticsearch client.

Usage with the elasticsearch gem

When you use the client from the elasticsearch-ruby package, the library modules have been already included, so you just call the API methods:

require 'elasticsearch'

client = Elasticsearch::Client.new log: true

client.index  index: 'myindex', type: 'mytype', id: 1, body: { title: 'Test' }
# => {"_index"=>"myindex", ... "created"=>true}

client.search index: 'myindex', body: { query: { match: { title: 'test' } } }
# => {"took"=>2, ..., "hits"=>{"total":5, ...}}

Full documentation and examples are included as RDoc annotations in the source code and available online at http://rubydoc.info/gems/elasticsearch-api.

Usage with a custom client

When you want to mix the library into your own client, it must conform to a following contract:

A simple client could look like this:

require 'multi_json'
require 'faraday'
require 'elasticsearch/api'

class MySimpleClient
  include Elasticsearch::API

  CONNECTION = ::Faraday::Connection.new url: 'http://localhost:9200'

  def perform_request(method, path, params, body)
    puts "--> #{method.upcase} #{path} #{params} #{body}"

    CONNECTION.run_request \
      method.downcase.to_sym,
      path,
      ( body ? MultiJson.dump(body): nil ),
      {'Content-Type' => 'application/json'}
  end
end

client = MySimpleClient.new

p client.cluster.health
# --> GET _cluster/health {}
# => "{"cluster_name":"elasticsearch" ... }"

p client.index index: 'myindex', type: 'mytype', id: 'custom', body: { title: "Indexing from my client" }
# --> PUT myindex/mytype/custom {} {:title=>"Indexing from my client"}
# => "{"ok":true, ... }"

Using JSON Builders

Instead of passing the :body argument as a Ruby Hash, you can pass it as a String, potentially taking advantage of JSON builders such as JBuilder or Jsonify:

require 'jbuilder'

query = Jbuilder.encode do |json|
  json.query do
    json.match do
      json.title do
        json.query    'test 1'
        json.operator 'and'
      end
    end
  end
end

client.search index: 'myindex', body: query

# 2013-06-25 09:56:05 +0200: GET http://localhost:9200/myindex/_search [status:200, request:0.015s, query:0.011s]
# 2013-06-25 09:56:05 +0200: > {"query":{"match":{"title":{"query":"test 1","operator":"and"}}}}
# ...
# => {"took"=>21, ..., "hits"=>{"total"=>1, "hits"=>[{ "_source"=>{"title"=>"Test 1", ...}}]}}

Using Hash Wrappers

For a more comfortable access to response properties, you may wrap it in one of the Hash "object access" wrappers, such as Hashie::Mash:

require 'hashie'

response = client.search index: 'myindex',
                         body: {
                           query: { match: { title: 'test' } },
                           facets: { tags: { terms: { field: 'tags' } } }
                         }

mash = Hashie::Mash.new response

mash.hits.hits.first._source.title
# => 'Test'

mash.facets.tags.terms.first
# => #<Hashie::Mash count=3 term="z">

License

This software is licensed under the Apache 2 license, quoted below.

Copyright (c) 2013 Elasticsearch <http://www.elasticsearch.org>

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.