Ruby SAML Build Status

Updating from 0.7.x to 0.8.x

Version 0.8.x changes the namespace of the gem from OneLogin::Saml to OneLogin::RubySaml. Please update your implementations of the gem accordingly.

Overview

The Ruby SAML library is for implementing the client side of a SAML authorization, i.e. it provides a means for managing authorization initialization and confirmation requests from identity providers.

SAML authorization is a two step process and you are expected to implement support for both.

The initialization phase

This is the first request you will get from the identity provider. It will hit your application at a specific URL (that you've announced as being your SAML initialization point). The response to this initialization, is a redirect back to the identity provider, which can look something like this (ignore the saml_settings method call for now):

def init
  request = OneLogin::RubySaml::Authrequest.new
  redirect_to(request.create(saml_settings))
end

Once you've redirected back to the identity provider, it will ensure that the user has been authorized and redirect back to your application for final consumption, this is can look something like this (the authorize_success and authorize_failure methods are specific to your application):

def consume
  response          = OneLogin::RubySaml::Response.new(params[:SAMLResponse])
  response.settings = saml_settings

  if response.is_valid? && user = .users.find_by_email(response.name_id)
    authorize_success(user)
  else
    authorize_failure(user)
  end
end

In the above there are a few assumptions in place, one being that the response.name_id is an email address. This is all handled with how you specify the settings that are in play via the saml_settings method. That could be implemented along the lines of this:

def saml_settings
  settings = OneLogin::RubySaml::Settings.new

  settings.assertion_consumer_service_url = "http://#{request.host}/saml/finalize"
  settings.issuer                         = request.host
  settings.idp_sso_target_url             = "https://app.onelogin.com/saml/signon/#{OneLoginAppId}"
  settings.idp_cert_fingerprint           = OneLoginAppCertFingerPrint
  settings.name_identifier_format         = "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.1:nameid-format:emailAddress"
  # Optional for most SAML IdPs
  settings.authn_context = "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:ac:classes:PasswordProtectedTransport"

  settings
end

What's left at this point, is to wrap it all up in a controller and point the initialization and consumption URLs in OneLogin at that. A full controller example could look like this:

# This controller expects you to use the URLs /saml/init and /saml/consume in your OneLogin application.
class SamlController < ApplicationController
  def init
    request = OneLogin::RubySaml::Authrequest.new
    redirect_to(request.create(saml_settings))
  end

  def consume
    response          = OneLogin::RubySaml::Response.new(params[:SAMLResponse])
    response.settings = saml_settings

    if response.is_valid? && user = .users.find_by_email(response.name_id)
      authorize_success(user)
    else
      authorize_failure(user)
    end
  end

  private

  def saml_settings
    settings = OneLogin::RubySaml::Settings.new

    settings.assertion_consumer_service_url = "http://#{request.host}/saml/consume"
    settings.issuer                         = request.host
    settings.idp_sso_target_url             = "https://app.onelogin.com/saml/signon/#{OneLoginAppId}"
    settings.idp_cert_fingerprint           = OneLoginAppCertFingerPrint
    settings.name_identifier_format         = "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.1:nameid-format:emailAddress"
    # Optional for most SAML IdPs
    settings.authn_context = "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:ac:classes:PasswordProtectedTransport"

    settings
  end
end

If are using saml:AttributeStatement to transfare metadata, like the user name, you can access all the attributes through response.attributes. It contains all the saml:AttributeStatement with its 'Name' as a indifferent key and the one saml:AttributeValue as value.

response          = OneLogin::RubySaml::Response.new(params[:SAMLResponse])
response.settings = saml_settings

response.attributes[:username]

Service Provider Metadata

To form a trusted pair relationship with the IdP, the SP (you) need to provide metadata XML to the IdP for various good reasons. (Caching, certificate lookups, relaying party permissions, etc)

The class OneLogin::RubySaml::Metadata takes care of this by reading the Settings and returning XML. All you have to do is add a controller to return the data, then give this URL to the IdP administrator. The metdata will be polled by the IdP every few minutes, so updating your settings should propagate to the IdP settings.

class SamlController < ApplicationController
  # ... the rest of your controller definitions ...
  def 
    settings = Account.get_saml_settings
    meta = OneLogin::RubySaml::Metadata.new
    render :xml => meta.generate(settings)
  end
end

Clock Drift

Server clocks tend to drift naturally. If during validation of the response you get the error "Current time is earlier than NotBefore condition" then this may be due to clock differences between your system and that of the Identity Provider.

First, ensure that both systems synchronize their clocks, using for example the industry standard Network Time Protocol (NTP).

Even then you may experience intermittent issues though, because the clock of the Identity Provider may drift slightly ahead of your system clocks. To allow for a small amount of clock drift you can initialize the response passing in an option named :allowed_clock_drift. Its value must be given in a number (and/or fraction) of seconds. The value given is added to the current time at which the response is validated before it's tested against the NotBefore assertion. For example:

response = OneLogin::RubySaml::Response.new(params[:SAMLResponse], :allowed_clock_drift => 1)

Make sure to keep the value as comfortably small as possible to keep security risks to a minimum.

Note on Patches/Pull Requests