Class: Formtastic::Inputs::SelectInput

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Base, Base::Collections
Defined in:
lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb

Overview

TODO:

Do/can we support the per-item HTML options like RadioInput?

A select input is used to render a <select> tag with a series of options to choose from. It works for both single selections (like a belongs_to relationship, or "yes/no" boolean), as well as multiple selections (like a has_and_belongs_to_many/has_many relationship, for assigning many genres to a song, for example).

This is the default input choice when:

  • the database column type is an :integer and there is an association (belongs_to)
  • the database column type is a :string and the :collection option is used
  • there an object with an association, but no database column on the object (has_many, etc)
  • there is no object and the :collection option is used

The flexibility of the :collection option (see examples) makes the :select input viable as an alternative for many other input types. For example, instead of...

  • a :string input (where you want to force the user to choose from a few specific strings rather than entering anything)
  • a :boolean checkbox input (where the user could choose yes or no, rather than checking a box)
  • a :date_select, :time_select or :datetime_select input (where the user could choose from pre-selected dates)
  • a :number input (where the user could choose from a set of pre-defined numbers)
  • a :time_zone input (where you want to provide your own set of choices instead of relying on Rails)
  • a :country input (no need for a plugin really)

Within the standard <li> wrapper, the output is a <label> tag followed by a <select> tag containing <option> tags.

For inputs that map to associations on the object model, Formtastic will automatically load in a collection of objects on the association as options to choose from. This might be an Author.all on a Post form with an input for a belongs_to :user association, or a Tag.all for a Post form with an input for a has_and_belongs_to_many :tags association. You can override or customise this collection and the <option> tags it will render through the :collection option (see examples).

The way on which Formtastic renders the value attribute and content of each <option> tag is customisable through the :member_label and :member_value options. When not provided, we fall back to a list of methods to try on each object such as :to_label, :name and :to_s, which are defined in the configurations collection_label_methods and collection_value_methods (see examples below).

Examples:

Basic belongs_to example with full form context


<%= semantic_form_for @post do |f| %>
  <%= f.inputs do %>
    <%= f.input :author, :as => :select %>
  <% end %>
<% end %>

<form...>
  <fieldset>
    <ol>
      <li class='select'>
        <label for="post_author_id">Author</label>
        <select id="post_author_id" name="post[post_author_id]">
          <option value=""></option>
          <option value="1">Justin</option>
          <option value="3">Kate</option>
          <option value="2">Amelia</option>
        </select>
      </li>
    </ol>
  </fieldset>
</form>

Basic has_many or has_and_belongs_to_many example with full form context


<%= semantic_form_for @post do |f| %>
  <%= f.inputs do %>
    <%= f.input :tags, :as => :select %>
  <% end %>
<% end %>

<form...>
  <fieldset>
    <ol>
      <li class='select'>
        <label for="post_tag_ids">Author</label>
        <select id="post_tag_ids" name="post[tag_ids]" multiple="true">
          <option value="1">Ruby</option>
          <option value="6">Rails</option>
          <option value="3">Forms</option>
          <option value="4">Awesome</option>
        </select>
      </li>
    </ol>
  </fieldset>
</form>

Override Formtastic's assumption on when you need a multi select

<%= f.input :authors, :as => :select, :input_html => { :multiple => true } %>
<%= f.input :authors, :as => :select, :input_html => { :multiple => false } %>

The :collection option can be used to customize the choices

<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => @authors %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => Author.all %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => Author.some_named_scope %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => [Author.find_by_login("justin"), Category.find_by_name("kate")] %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => ["Justin", "Kate"] %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => [["Justin", "justin"], ["Kate", "kate"]] %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => [["Justin", "1"], ["Kate", "3"]] %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => [["Justin", 1], ["Kate", 3]] %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => 1..5 %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => "<option>your own options HTML string</option>" %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => options_for_select(...) %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => options_from_collection_for_select(...) %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => grouped_options_for_select(...) %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :collection => time_zone_options_for_select(...) %>

The :member_label can be used to call a different method (or a Proc) on each object in the collection for rendering the label text (it'll try the methods like to_s in collection_label_methods config by default)

<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :member_label => :name %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :member_label => :name_with_post_count %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :member_label => Proc.new { |a| "#{c.name} (#{pluralize("post", a.posts.count)})" } %>

The :member_value can be used to call a different method (or a Proc) on each object in the collection for rendering the value for each checkbox (it'll try the methods like id in collection_value_methods config by default)

<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :member_value => :login %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :member_value => Proc.new { |c| c.full_name.downcase.underscore } %>

Set HTML attributes on the <select> tag with :input_html

<%= f.input :authors, :as => :select, :input_html => { :size => 20, :multiple => true, :class => "special" } %>

Set HTML attributes on the <li> wrapper with :wrapper_html

<%= f.input :authors, :as => :select, :wrapper_html => { :class => "special" } %>

Exclude, include, or customize the blank option at the top of the select. Always shown, even if the field already has a value. Suitable for optional inputs.

<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :include_blank => false %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :include_blank => true %>   =>   <option value=""></option>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :include_blank => "No author" %>

Exclude, include, or customize the prompt at the top of the select. Only shown if the field does not have a value. Suitable for required inputs.

<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :prompt => false %>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :prompt => true %>   =>   <option value="">Please select</option>
<%= f.input :author, :as => :select, :prompt => "Please select an author" %>

See Also:

Instance Attribute Summary

Attributes included from Base

#builder, #method, #object, #object_name, #options, #template

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Methods included from Base::Collections

#collection, #collection_for_boolean, #collection_from_association, #collection_from_options, #label_and_value_method, #label_and_value_method_from_collection, #label_method, #label_method_from_options, #raw_collection, #send_or_call, #send_or_call_or_object, #value_method, #value_method_from_options

Methods included from Base

#initialize, #removed_option!, #warn_and_correct_option!, #warn_deprecated_option!

Methods included from Base::Wrapping

#input_wrapping, #wrapper_classes, #wrapper_classes_raw, #wrapper_dom_id, #wrapper_html_options, #wrapper_html_options_raw

Methods included from Base::Labelling

#label_from_options, #label_html, #label_text, #localized_label, #render_label?, #requirement_text, #requirement_text_or_proc

Methods included from LocalizedString

#model_name

Methods included from Base::Associations

#association, #association_primary_key, #belongs_to?, #has_many?, #reflection

Methods included from Base::Fileish

#file?

Methods included from Base::Validations

#autofocus?, #column_limit, #limit, #not_required_through_negated_validation!, #not_required_through_negated_validation?, #optional?, #required?, #required_attribute?, #responds_to_global_required?, #validation_integer_only?, #validation_limit, #validation_max, #validation_min, #validation_step, #validations, #validations?, #validator_relevant?

Methods included from Base::Naming

#as, #attributized_method_name, #humanized_method_name, #input_name, #sanitized_method_name, #sanitized_object_name

Methods included from Base::Hints

#hint?, #hint_html, #hint_text, #hint_text_from_options

Methods included from Base::Errors

#error_first_html, #error_html, #error_keys, #error_list_html, #error_none_html, #error_sentence_html, #errors, #errors?

Methods included from Base::Database

#column, #column?

Methods included from Base::Options

#formtastic_options

Methods included from Base::Html

#dom_id, #dom_index

Instance Method Details

- (Object) extra_input_html_options



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 175

def extra_input_html_options
  {
    :multiple => multiple?,
    :name => (multiple? && Rails::VERSION::MAJOR >= 3) ? input_html_options_name_multiple : input_html_options_name
  }
  
  
end

- (Object) include_blank



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 155

def include_blank
  options.key?(:include_blank) ? options[:include_blank] : (single? && builder.include_blank_for_select_by_default)
end

- (Object) input_html_options



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 171

def input_html_options
  extra_input_html_options.merge(super.reject {|k,v| k==:name && v.nil?} )
end

- (Object) input_html_options_name



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 184

def input_html_options_name
  if builder.options.key?(:index)
    "#{object_name}[#{builder.options[:index]}][#{association_primary_key}]"
  else
    "#{object_name}[#{association_primary_key}]"
  end
end

- (Object) input_html_options_name_multiple



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 192

def input_html_options_name_multiple
  input_html_options_name + "[]"
end

- (Object) input_options



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 167

def input_options
  super.merge :include_blank => (include_blank unless prompt?)
end

- (Object) label_html_options



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 163

def label_html_options
  super.merge(:for => input_html_options[:id])
end

- (Boolean) multiple?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 204

def multiple?
  multiple_by_options? || multiple_by_association?
end

- (Boolean) multiple_by_association?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 196

def multiple_by_association?
  reflection && [ :has_many, :has_and_belongs_to_many ].include?(reflection.macro)
end

- (Boolean) multiple_by_options?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 200

def multiple_by_options?
  options[:multiple] || (options[:input_html] && options[:input_html][:multiple])
end

- (Boolean) prompt?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 159

def prompt?
  !!options[:prompt]
end

- (Object) select_html



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 151

def select_html
  builder.select(input_name, collection, input_options, input_html_options)
end

- (Boolean) single?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 208

def single?
  !multiple?
end

- (Object) to_html



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# File 'lib/formtastic/inputs/select_input.rb', line 144

def to_html
  input_wrapping do
    label_html <<
    select_html
  end
end