Vagrant Plugin which can be used to managed Bhyve, LX and native zones on illumos (OmniOSce)



Function Status
Zone Box format Defined
Emergency Console Working -- zlogin -C -- VNC switch(wip)
Check Bhyve support Working
Packaging Working
Reload Working
VLANs Working
Multiple Nics Working
DHCP Address Work in Progress
Multiple Disks Partially Working (single disk only)
Start VNC Server Work in Progress
Networking Working -- via zlogin -C -- cloud-init cominig
SSH/SSH run Working -- key based only
Graceful shutdown Working
Halt Working
Destroy Working
Packer Support Untested -- Needs Go Lang Provider Plugin
Convert Work in Progress
Find Work in Progress
Provision Working -- key based only -- cloud-init cominig
Booting (UEFI and BIOS) Working
Port forwarding Work in Progress
Vagrant Cloud Support Working -- Types: Zones,Virtualbox(wip)
Snapshots Work in Progress
Bhyve Zone Support Working
LX Zone Support Working
Shared Folders Working -- Rsync, SSHFS, NFS(wip), LOFS(tbd)
Suspend Not supported by bhyve
Resume Not supported by bhyve


Collecting status of boxes from Vagrant Cloud

Box Version OS Purpose Status
Makr44/ubuntu2104-server v.0.08 Ubuntu 21.04 Multi Working
Makr44/ubuntu2104-desktop v.0.20 Ubuntu 21.04 Desktop Work in Progress
Makr44/ubuntu2004-server v.0.05 Ubuntu 20.04 Multi Work in Progress
Makr44/ubuntu2004-desktop v.0.07 Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop Work in Progress
Makr44/Alma84-server v.0.03 Alma 8.4 Multi Work in Progress
Makr44/ubuntu2104-server Ubuntu 20.04 Work in Progress
Makr44/ubuntu2104-server Ubuntu 20.04 Work in Progress
Makr44/ubuntu2104-server Ubuntu 20.04 Work in Progress

Development Installation Instructions

Setup OS for Development

  • ooce/library/libarchive
  • system/bhyve
  • system/bhyve/firmware
  • ooce/application/vagrant
  • ruby-27
  • ooce/system/mbuffer

Setup vagrant development environment

$ git clone
$ cd /path/to/your/vagrant/clone
$ bundle install
$ bundle --binstubs exec

Setup vagrant-zones environment

$ git clone
$ cd vagrant-zones
$ bundle config set --local path 'vendor/bundle'
$ bundle install  --binstubs
$ bundle --binstubs exec

Create a box from an existing box

For LX Zones you can use a Joyent UUID, for Bhyve Zones, you can use a ZSS file or a image from the Vagrant Cloud with the Zone provider. There may be future work to convert existing images to a Zone provider type.

Once you have setup your a box with an existing box, you can create a box from that with:

vagrant package --output

Convert a box

Thanks to Steve Wills's work, now you can convert a VirtualBox box to a bhyve one with vagrant-mutate.

The plan is to incorporate the above code to allow people to import existing virtualbox boxes from vagrant cloud (and local installations) and automatically convert them to bhyve.

Run the box

After a box is created, you should create another Vagrantfile.

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "boxname"

then execute this command to start the box with bhyve ( '--provider=zone' may be neccessary if not defined in Vagrantfile)

$ /path/to/vagrant-zones/bin/vagrant up 

SSH into the box

After the box is booted(uped), you can ssh into by executing this command.

$ /path/to/vagrant-zones/bin/vagrant ssh

Shutdown the box and cleanup

This command will shutdown the booted VM and clean up environment

$ /path/to/vagrant-zones/bin/vagrant halt

Destroy the box

$ /path/to/vagrant-zones/vagrant destroy

Known Issues

Box OS Status
centos/7 CentOS 7 NFS Synced Folders Fail
All All Cannot Detect OS Boot
All All global-status incorrectly reports states -- Known Bug in Vagrant

NFS Synced Folders Fail

Vagrant uses NFS as default synced folder type. When it fails on your machine and box, you can:

  • Add config.vm.synced_folder ".", "/vagrant", type: "rsync" to your Vagrantfile to ensure that rsync type is used. Vagrant core will raise an error to inform you when there is not rsync find in PATH
  • Run vagrant plugin install vagrant-sshfs to enable vagrant-sshfs

NFS Synced Folders Fail

After certain Vagrant commands or outside zone influence global-status becomes stale.

Cannot Detect OS Boot

Currently this plugin uses Ruby to parse the output of they TTYS0 console output of the VM. It waits until it detects "Last Login:".

This is expected to be adjusted once cloud-init properly works in a future release of bhyve.

This is assuming that your VM is set to auto-login the root user, and enable the console output on TTYS0. On Ubuntu 20.04 this can be done by setting it as follows:

1) Create a directory /etc/systemd/system/[email protected] 2) Create a file /etc/systemd/system/[email protected] a) add the following content: [Service] ExecStart= ExecStart=/sbin/agetty --autologin root -8 --keep-baud 115200,38400,9600 ttyS0 $TERM 3) In Grub add the following configuration: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="console=ttyS0,115200n8 tsc=reliable earlyprintk"


Now this gem has been published on

Setup OS Installation

  • ooce/library/libarchive
  • system/bhyve
  • system/bhyve/firmware
  • ooce/application/vagrant
  • ruby-26
  • ooce/system/mbuffer

Setup vagrant-zones

To install it in a standard vagrant environment:

vagrant plugin install vagrant-zones


Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at


This project is licensed under the AGPL v3 License - see the LICENSE file for details

Built With

  • Vagrant - Portable Development Environment Suite.
  • VirtualBox - Hypervisor.
  • Ansible - Virtual Manchine Automation Management.

Contributing Sources


Please read for details on our code of conduct, and the process for submitting pull requests to us.


  • Thomas Merkel - Initial work - Skylime
  • Mark Gilbert - Takeover - Makr91

See also the list of contributors who participated in this project.


  • Hat tip to anyone whose code was used