Module: Optimist

Defined in:
lib/optimist.rb

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: BooleanOption, CommandlineError, DateArrayOption, DateOption, FloatArrayOption, FloatOption, HelpNeeded, IOArrayOption, IOOption, IntegerArrayOption, IntegerOption, Option, Parser, StringArrayOption, StringOption, VersionNeeded

Constant Summary collapse

VERSION =

note: this is duplicated in gemspec please change over there too

"3.0.1"
FLOAT_RE =

Regex for floating point numbers

/^-?((\d+(\.\d+)?)|(\.\d+))([eE][-+]?[\d]+)?$/
PARAM_RE =

Regex for parameters

/^-(-|\.$|[^\d\.])/

Class Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.die(arg, msg = nil, error_code = nil) ⇒ Object

Informs the user that their usage of 'arg' was wrong, as detailed by 'msg', and dies. Example:

options do
  opt :volume, :default => 0.0
end

die :volume, "too loud" if opts[:volume] > 10.0
die :volume, "too soft" if opts[:volume] < 0.1

In the one-argument case, simply print that message, a notice about -h, and die. Example:

options do
  opt :whatever # ...
end

Optimist::die "need at least one filename" if ARGV.empty?

An exit code can be provide if needed

Optimist::die "need at least one filename", -2 if ARGV.empty?

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# File 'lib/optimist.rb', line 984

def die(arg, msg = nil, error_code = nil)
  if @last_parser
    @last_parser.die arg, msg, error_code
  else
    raise ArgumentError, "Optimist::die can only be called after Optimist::options"
  end
end

.educateObject

Displays the help message and dies. Example:

options do
  opt :volume, :default => 0.0
  banner <<-EOS
Usage:
       #$0 [options] <name>
where [options] are:
EOS
end

Optimist::educate if ARGV.empty?

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# File 'lib/optimist.rb', line 1004

def educate
  if @last_parser
    @last_parser.educate
    exit
  else
    raise ArgumentError, "Optimist::educate can only be called after Optimist::options"
  end
end

.options(args = ARGV, *a, &b) ⇒ Object

The easy, syntactic-sugary entry method into Optimist. Creates a Parser, passes the block to it, then parses args with it, handling any errors or requests for help or version information appropriately (and then exiting). Modifies args in place. Returns a hash of option values.

The block passed in should contain zero or more calls to opt (Parser#opt), zero or more calls to text (Parser#text), and probably a call to version (Parser#version).

The returned block contains a value for every option specified with opt. The value will be the value given on the commandline, or the default value if the option was not specified on the commandline. For every option specified on the commandline, a key “<option name>_given” will also be set in the hash.

Example:

require 'optimist'
opts = Optimist::options do
  opt :monkey, "Use monkey mode"                    # a flag --monkey, defaulting to false
  opt :name, "Monkey name", :type => :string        # a string --name <s>, defaulting to nil
  opt :num_limbs, "Number of limbs", :default => 4  # an integer --num-limbs <i>, defaulting to 4
end

## if called with no arguments
p opts # => {:monkey=>false, :name=>nil, :num_limbs=>4, :help=>false}

## if called with --monkey
p opts # => {:monkey=>true, :name=>nil, :num_limbs=>4, :help=>false, :monkey_given=>true}

See more examples at optimist.rubyforge.org.


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# File 'lib/optimist.rb', line 920

def options(args = ARGV, *a, &b)
  @last_parser = Parser.new(*a, &b)
  with_standard_exception_handling(@last_parser) { @last_parser.parse args }
end

.with_standard_exception_handling(parser) ⇒ Object

If Optimist::options doesn't do quite what you want, you can create a Parser object and call Parser#parse on it. That method will throw CommandlineError, HelpNeeded and VersionNeeded exceptions when necessary; if you want to have these handled for you in the standard manner (e.g. show the help and then exit upon an HelpNeeded exception), call your code from within a block passed to this method.

Note that this method will call System#exit after handling an exception!

Usage example:

require 'optimist'
p = Optimist::Parser.new do
  opt :monkey, "Use monkey mode"                     # a flag --monkey, defaulting to false
  opt :goat, "Use goat mode", :default => true       # a flag --goat, defaulting to true
end

opts = Optimist::with_standard_exception_handling p do
  o = p.parse ARGV
  raise Optimist::HelpNeeded if ARGV.empty? # show help screen
  o
end

Requires passing in the parser object.


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# File 'lib/optimist.rb', line 950

def with_standard_exception_handling(parser)
  yield
rescue CommandlineError => e
  parser.die(e.message, nil, e.error_code)
rescue HelpNeeded
  parser.educate
  exit
rescue VersionNeeded
  puts parser.version
  exit
end