# Autoprefixer Rails Build Status

Autoprefixer is a tool to parse CSS and add vendor prefixes to CSS rules using values from the Can I Use. This gem provides Ruby and Ruby on Rails integration with this JavaScript tool.

Sponsored by Evil Martians

Usage

Windows users should install node.js. Autoprefixer Rails doesn’t work with old JScript in Windows.

Ruby on Rails

Add the autoprefixer-rails gem to your Gemfile:

ruby gem "autoprefixer-rails"

Clear your cache:

sh rake tmp:clear

Write your CSS (Sass, Stylus, LESS) rules without vendor prefixes and Autoprefixer will apply prefixes for you. For example in app/assets/stylesheet/foobar.sass:

sass :fullscreen a display: flex

Autoprefixer uses Can I Use database with browser statistics and properties support to add vendor prefixes automatically using the Asset Pipeline:

css :-webkit-full-screen a { display: -webkit-box; display: -webkit-flex; display: flex } :-moz-full-screen a { display: flex } :-ms-fullscreen a { display: -ms-flexbox; display: flex } :fullscreen a { display: -webkit-box; display: -webkit-flex; display: -ms-flexbox; display: flex }

If you need to specify browsers for your Rails project, you can save them to

  • browserslist and place it under app/assets/stylesheets/ or any of its ancestor directories

    > 1% last 2 versions IE > 8 # comment

  • Or config/autoprefixer.yml

    yaml flexbox: no-2009 browsers: - "> 1%" - "last 2 versions" - "IE > 8"

See Browserslist docs for config format. But > 5% in US query is not supported in Rails, because of ExecJS limitations. You should migrate to webpack or Gulp if you want it.

Note: you have to clear cache (rake tmp:clear) for the configuration to take effect.

You can get what properties will be changed using a Rake task:

sh rake autoprefixer:info

To disable Autoprefixer just remove postprocessor:

ruby AutoprefixerRails.uninstall(Rails.application.assets)

Sprockets

If you use Sinatra or other non-Rails frameworks with Sprockets, just connect your Sprockets environment with Autoprefixer and write CSS in the usual way:

```ruby assets = Sprockets::Environment.new do |env| # Your assets settings end

require “autoprefixer-rails” AutoprefixerRails.install(assets) ```

Ruby

If you need to call Autoprefixer from plain Ruby code, it’s very easy:

ruby require "autoprefixer-rails" prefixed = AutoprefixerRails.process(css, from: 'main.css').css

You can specify browsers by browsers option:

ruby AutoprefixerRails.process(css, from: 'a.css', browsers: ['> 1%', 'ie 10']).css

Compass

You should consider using Gulp instead of Compass binary, because it has better Autoprefixer integration and many other awesome plugins.

But if you can’t move from Compass binary right now, there’s a hack to run Autoprefixer after compass compile.

Install autoprefixer-rails gem:

gem install autoprefixer-rails

and add post-compile hook to config.rb:

```ruby require ‘autoprefixer-rails’

on_stylesheet_saved do |file| css = File.read(file) map = file + ‘.map’

if File.exists? map result = AutoprefixerRails.process(css, from: file, to: file, map: { prev: File.read(map), inline: false }) File.open(file, ‘w’) { |io| io « result.css } File.open(map, ‘w’) { |io| io « result.map } else File.open(file, ‘w’) { |io| io « AutoprefixerRails.process(css) } end end ```

Visual Cascade

By default, Autoprefixer will change CSS indentation to create nice visual cascade of prefixes.

css a { -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box }

You can disable it by cascade: false in config/autoprefixer.yml or in process() options.

Source Map

Autoprefixer will generate source map, if you set map option to true in process method.

You must set input and output CSS files paths (by from and to options) to generate correct map.

ruby result = AutoprefixerRails.process(css, map: true, from: 'main.css', to: 'main.out.css')

Autoprefixer can also modify previous source map (for example, from Sass compilation). Just set original source map content (as string) to map option:

```ruby result = AutoprefixerRails.process(css, { map: File.read(‘main.sass.css.map’), from: ‘main.sass.css’, to: ‘main.min.css’)

result.map #=> Source map from main.sass to main.min.css ```

See all options in PostCSS docs. AutoprefixerRails will convert Ruby style to JS style, so you can use map: { sources_content: false } instead of camelcase sourcesContent.