This is a ruby wrapper for the Spotify Web API.
- Full documentation
- Full API Endpoint coverage
- OAuth and other authorization flows
Add this line to your application's Gemfile:
And then execute:
Or install it yourself as:
$ gem install rspotify
RSpotify was designed with usability as its primary goal, so that you can forget the API and intuitively interact with your playlists, favorite artists, users and so on.
You can write things like
my_playlist.tracks.sort_by(&:popularity).last.album without having to think which API calls must be done. RSpotify fills the gaps for you.
Below are some basic usage examples. Check the documentation for the complete reference.
require 'rspotify' artists = ::.('Arctic Monkeys') arctic_monkeys = artists.first arctic_monkeys.popularity #=> 74 arctic_monkeys.genres #=> ["Alternative Pop/Rock", "Indie", ...] arctic_monkeys.top_tracks(:US) #=> (Track array) albums = arctic_monkeys.albums albums.first.name #=> "AM" am = albums.first am.release_date #=> "2013-09-10" am.images #=> (Image array) am.available_markets #=> ["AR", "BO", "BR", ...] tracks = am.tracks tracks.first.name #=> "Do I Wanna Know?" do_i_wanna_know = tracks.first do_i_wanna_know.duration_ms #=> 272386 do_i_wanna_know.track_number #=> 1 do_i_wanna_know.preview_url #=> "https://p.scdn.co/mp3-preview/<id>" playlists = ::.('Indie') playlists.first.name #=> "The Indie Mix" # You can search within other types too albums = ::.('The Wall') tracks = ::.('Thriller')
Find by id:
arctic_monkeys = ::.('7Ln80lUS6He07XvHI8qqHH') arctic_monkeys. #=> (Artist array) am = ::.('41vPD50kQ7JeamkxQW7Vuy') am.album_type #=> "single" do_i_wanna_know = ::.('2UzMpPKPhbcC8RbsmuURAZ') do_i_wanna_know.album #=> (Album object) me = ::.('guilhermesad') me.uri #=> "spotify:user:guilhermesad" # Or find several objects at once: ids = %w(2UzMpPKPhbcC8RbsmuURAZ 7Jzsc04YpkRwB1zeyM39wE) my_tracks = ::.(ids) my_tracks.size #=> 2
Some data require authentication to be accessed, such as playlists' details. You can easily get your credentials here.
Then just copy and paste them like so:
.("<your_client_id>", "<your_client_secret>") # Now you can access playlists in detail, browse featured content and more me = ::.('guilhermesad') me.playlists #=> (Playlist array) # Find by id playlist = ::.('guilhermesad', '1Xi8mgiuHHPLQYOw2Q16xv') playlist.name #=> "d33p" playlist.description #=> "d33p h0uz" playlist.followers['total'] #=> 1 playlist.tracks #=> (Track array) # Search by category party = ::.('party') party.playlists #=> (Playlist array) categories = ::. # See all available categories # Access featured content from Spotify's Browse tab featured_playlists = ::.(country: 'US') new_releases = ::.(country: 'ES') # Access tracks' audio features sorry = ::.("Sorry").first sorry.audio_features.danceability #=> 0.605 sorry.audio_features.energy #=> 0.768 sorry.audio_features.tempo #=> 100.209 # Get recommendations recommendations = ::.(seed_genres: ['blues', 'country']) recommendations = ::.(seed_tracks: my_fav_tracks.map(&:id)) recommendations = ::.(seed_artists: my_fav_artists.map(&:id)) recommendations.tracks #=> (Track array)
Rails + OAuth
You might want your application to access a user's Spotify account.
For instance, suppose you want your app to create playlists for the user based on their taste, or to add a feature that syncs user's playlists with some external app.
If so, add the following to your application (Remember to get your credentials)
# config/application.rb ::("<your_client_id>", "<your_client_secret>")
# config/initializers/omniauth.rb require 'rspotify/oauth' Rails.application.config.middleware.use ::Builder do provider :spotify, "<your_client_id>", "<your_client_secret>", scope: 'user-read-email playlist-modify-public user-library-read user-library-modify' end
You should replace the scope values for the ones your own app will require from the user. You can see the list of available scopes in here.
Next, make a link so the user can log in with his Spotify account:
<%= link_to 'Sign in with Spotify', '/auth/spotify' %>
And create a route to receive the callback:
# config/routes.rb get '/auth/spotify/callback', to: 'users#spotify'
Remember you need to tell Spotify this address is white-listed. You can do this by adding it to the Redirect URIs list in your application page. An example of Redirect URI would be http://localhost:3000/auth/spotify/callback.
Finally, create a new RSpotify User with the response received:
class UsersController < ApplicationController def spotify spotify_user = ::.(request.env['omniauth.auth']) # Now you can access user's private data, create playlists and much more # Access private data spotify_user.country #=> "US" spotify_user.email #=> "[email protected]" # Create playlist in user's Spotify account playlist = spotify_user.create_playlist!('my-awesome-playlist') # Add tracks to a playlist in user's Spotify account tracks = ::.('Know') playlist.add_tracks!(tracks) playlist.tracks.first.name #=> "Somebody That I Used To Know" # Access and modify user's music library spotify_user.save_tracks!(tracks) spotify_user.saved_tracks.size #=> 20 spotify_user.remove_tracks!(tracks) albums = ::.('launeddas') spotify_user.save_albums!(albums) spotify_user.saved_albums.size #=> 10 spotify_user.remove_albums!(albums) # Use Spotify Follow features spotify_user.follow(playlist) spotify_user.follows?(artists) spotify_user.unfollow(users) # Get user's top played artists and tracks spotify_user.top_artists #=> (Artist array) spotify_user.top_tracks(time_range: 'short_term') #=> (Track array) # Check doc for more end end
The user's access token is automatically refreshed by RSpotify when needed. This is specially useful if you persist the user data on a database: this way he only needs to log in to Spotify once in his entire use of your application.
RSpotify provides a way to facilitate persistence:
hash = spotify_user.to_hash# hash containing all user attributes, including access tokens # Use the hash to persist the data the way you prefer... # Then recover the Spotify user whenever you like spotify_user = ::.(hash) spotify_user.create_playlist!('my_awesome_playlist') # automatically refreshes token
Getting raw response
To get the raw response from Spotify API requests, just toggle the
. = true ::.('Cher') #=> (String with raw json response)
If you'd like to use OAuth outside rails, have a look here for the requests that need to be made. You should be able to pass the response to RSpotify::User.new just as well, and from there easily create playlists and more for your user.
- Fork it ( https://github.com/guilhermesad/rspotify/fork )
- Create your feature branch (
git checkout -b my-new-feature)
- Test your changes (
bundle exec rspec)
- Commit your changes (
git commit -am 'Add some feature')
- Push to the branch (
git push origin my-new-feature)
- Create a new Pull Request