2.2.12 (2022-12-30)

  • Fix warning: undefining the allocator of T_DATA class OraNumber against Ruby 3.2.0dev. (GH-243)
  • Fix warnings on tests and on compile.
  • Remove code for old ruby versions.

2.2.11 (2022-02-22)

  • Fix "No DLL is not foud to hook" when OCI8.properties[:tcp_keepalive_time] is set and Oracle client is 21c on Windows.

(reported at rsim/oracle-enhanced#2262)

  • Fix "OCI8.properties[:tcp_keepalive_time] isn't available" error when ruby version is 3.1 on Windows.

2.2.10 (2022-01-12)

  • Use File.exist? instead of removed File.exists? in Ruby 3.2 (GH-242)

(contributed by Yasuo Honda)

  • Support ruby 3.1 distributed by rubyinstaller.org

  • Remove code for obsolete platforms

    • Ruby compiled by Borland C++
    • macOS released several years ago
  • Detect arm64 macOS shared library in oraconf.rb in preparation for Instant Client for Apple Silicon release.

2.2.9 (2020-12-30)

(contributed by Brandon Fish)

  • Remove extension libraries for unmaintained ruby versions from binary gems.

Fixed issue

  • Allow --with-instant-client-dir along with --with-instant-client-lib/include. (GH-223)

(reported by Victor Nawothnig)

2.2.8 (2020-01-11)

New features

  • Add support to specify include and lib directories of Oracle library on installation. (GH-210)

The following three flags are added.

  • --with-instant-client-dir
  • --with-instant-client-include
  • --with-instant-client-lib

Fixed issue

  • Suppress warnings compiling oci8lib.so (GH-212 and others)

  • Fix compilation and tests on Windows.

  • Fix spelling in install-instant-client.md (GH-217)

  • Use fiddler instead obsolete Win32API on Windows (GH-212)

2.2.7 (2019-01-06)

Incompatible Changes

OCI8#long_read_len and OCI8#long_read_len= do nothing.

When LONG, LONG RAW or XMLTYPE data were fetched, the data were truncated at OCI8#long_read_len. The maximum size of data had been 4 gigabytes since this release.

OCI8#long_read_len and OCI8#long_read_len= remain for code-compatibility but do nothing.


The number of network round trips was reduced when LOB data are read.

When LOB data are read, ruby-oci8 before 2.2.7 does the followings:

  1. Gets the size of the LOB.
  2. Allocate buffer to hold the data.
  3. Read the LOB contents.

This requires two round trips.

It now does the followings:

  1. Request the server to get LOB contents up to 4 gigabytes.
  2. Read the LOB contents and allocate buffer when the size is insufficient.
  3. If the total length of received data is less than 4 gigabytes, all data are read. If not, go to the first step to read next 4 gigabytes.

This requires only one round trip if the size is less than 4 gigabytes.

Use array fetching instead of prefetching when LOB columns are in queries

When LOB columns are in queries, prefetching doesn't seem to work. Rows are fetched one by one according to data captured by network packet sniffer. So array fetching is used instead of prefetching to reduce the number of network round trips.

Add error diagnostics when 'require "oci8"' fails on Windows.

When 'require "oci8"' fails with "OCI.DLL: 126(The specified module could not be found.)" on Windows, the cause is not always that OCI.DLL is not found. It may be incorrect architecture, missing dependent DLLs and so on. Ruby-oci8 checks PATH and DLL files when the error is raised and change the error message to reasonable one as possible. (2018-09-16)

Fixed issue

Fix "No shared library is found to hook." on macOS. (rsim/oracle-enhanced#1768)

2.2.6 (2018-08-22)

This release fixed issues about Oracle 18c except one.

Fixed issue

Setting some properties failed with Oracle 18c client

Setting OCI8::properties[:tcp_keepalive_time] or OCI8::properties[:cancel_read_at_exit] failed with the error message "No shared library is found to hook" when Oracle client version is 18c. (rsim/oracle-enhanced#1754)

Fix OCI8#oracle_server_version to get full version of Oracle 18c

OCI8#oracle_server_version returned Oracle version number whose number components after the first dot are zeros such as '' even when the server version is This issue was fixed by using a new OCI function. However the function is available since Oracle 18c client. So when the Oracle client version is 12c or earlier and the Oracle server version is 18c or later, it cannot get the full Oracle version number.

Fix tests when the Oracle server version is 18c.

LOB#sync, LOB#sync= and LOB#flush do nothing now.

They have not worked by mistake from the beginning because incorrect arguments has been passed to OCILobOpen(). Moreover it crashed Oracle 18c server-side processes and caused "ORA-03113: end-of-file on communication channel." (github issue #198)

unsupported typecode timestamp when timestamp with time zone is in object type attributes.

(github issue #185) (2017-12-27)

No updates except tests. The version number was changed just to release binary gems for ruby 2.5 on Windows.

Suppress warnings in tests with ruby 2.5

(github issue #180, #181)

2.2.5 (2017-10-21)

New Features

Try to load $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libclntsh.so also when runtime api check is enabled on Unix.

When ruby-oci8 is configured with --with-runtime-check, it loads Oracle client library and checks available functions in the library at runtime. This feature was added to release Windows binary gems which cannot know Oracle version at compile time. This is available also on Unix. However it tries to load libraries in LD_LIBRARY_PATH only. From this version, it tries to load $ORACLE_HOME/lib/libclntsh.so also.

Check error reasons when loading failed with 'The specified module could not be found' on Windows.

The error messages are same when OCI.DLL isn't found and when Visual C++ runtime library depended on by OCI.DLL isn't found. From this version, ruby-oci8 distinguishes the difference and prints other message for the latter case.

Fixed issue

Fix segmentation fault when Oracle client library is prelinked.

When Oracle instant client rpm package is used on RHEL5 or RHEL6, Oracle client library is modified by prelink and ruby-oci8 crashed with segmentation fault. This is not due to Oracle, but due to plthook used by ruby-oci8. The plthook was fixed to work with prelinked libraries. (github issue #172)

Fix not to hide the original error message of LoadError on recent cygwin.

Ruby-oci8 tries to check error messages when require 'oci8lib_xxx.so fails. However the message was hidden by an exception while checking on cygwin. (github issue #176)

Don't call unnecessary __paramGet(i) when a cursor is executed more than once.

pointed by OMOTO Kenji (github issue #171)

Suppress warning: method redefined; discarding old initialize.

(github issue #168)

Other Changes

Add document about the mapping between Oracle number types and Ruby classes.

See Number Type Mapping between Oracle and Ruby. (github issue #173) (2017-06-17)

Fixed issue

Fix invalid function calls when TCP keepalive time parameter is set on Windows x86

When TCP keepalive time parameter is set, The win32 API setsockopt was hooked with incorrect calling convention on Windows x86. As far as I checked it doesn't cause bad effects. But it is by chance. If the code in oci.dll is optimized differently, it may cause unexpected behavior.

Fix compilation errors in 2.2.4 on cygwin

2.2.4 (2017-06-11)

New Features

TCP keepalive parameters

tcp_keepalive and tcp_keepalive_time parameters were added. This may fix hanging caused by a firewall after a long period of inactivity

See this document for more detail.

Workaround of function interposition on Linux and macOS

When both oci8 and pg are required and LDAP authentication is used, it may trigger segmentation faults or unexpected behaviours. This issue was fixed by forcibly modified PLT (Procedure Linkage Table) entries in the Oracle client library.

See this document for more detail.

Fixed Issues

Support RubyInstaller2 for Windows

Fix for RubyInstaller2 for Windows as suggested here.

Fix for latest cygwin

Use Win32::Registry instead of Win32API to compile ruby-oci8 on the latest cygwin.

(contributed by tomasjura. github issue #167)

Removed too specific ruby version constraint in binary gems.

(contributed by davidbrs. github issue #156)

2.2.3 (2016-12-27)

New Features

Support ruby 2.4.0

  • Fix invalid value for BigDecimal
  • Fix load error when GC.stress = true.
  • Suppress warnings caused by integer unification
  • Suppress warnings outputted by Minitest in ruby 2.4.0
  • Suppress warnings when compiling with ruby 2.4.0

2.2.2 (2016-04-24)

New Features

Add OCI8::in_cond

This is a helper method to bind an array to parameters in IN-conditions. See Bind an Array to IN-condition

Add timeout parameters in OCI8::properties

See Timeout Parameters

Support SYSBACKUP, SYSDG and SYSKM privileges.

For example:

OCI8.new(username, password, database, :SYSBACKUP)

(github issue #110)

Support OCI8::Cursor#row_count over 4G (Oracle 12c client only)

Fixed Issues

Fix type mapping of subtypes of Oracle object

github issue #119

Fix compile error on cygwin since ruby-oci8 2.1.8.

github issue #113

Fix compile error when the ruby was compiled by Visual Studio 64bit.

Other Changes

  • Suppress warning: instance variable @name_to_tdo not initialized.

  • Check the default value of DYLD_FALLBACK_LIBRARY_PATH after checking OCI_DIR on installation. (OS X only)

2.2.1 (2015-11-01)

New Features

Add OCI8::Metadata::Boolean

Support boolean type binding. This feature requires Oracle 12c client and server. Binding a boolean value fails when either Oracle server or client is 11g or lower.

Fixed Issues

The following two issues were introduced in ruby-oci8 2.2.0.

Fix handle leaks in OCI8#ping

This bug affects Oracle 10gR1 client only.

Fix potential segmentation fault on ruby process termination

Other Changes

  • Reduce compilation time by dropping unnecessary checks.

  • Delete unused code which was added to support old Oracle and ruby 1.8. (2015-10-12)

Nothing was changed except the version.

The forth version was incremented to release binary gems for mingw32. The binary gems for didn't work by faultily packaging. (2015-10-11)

If ruby-oci8 2.2.0 is installed, you have no need to update it to Source code itself was not changed between 2.2.0 and

Change the required ruby version in the ruby-oci8 gem

It was '>= 1.8.0' in ruby-oci8 2.2.0 even though ruby 1.8 support was dropped.

Change the URLs displayed on installation failure

Ruby-oci8 2.2.0 documents had not been generated in rubydoc.info though the URLs are displayed on installation failure. They were changed to documents generated by the latest github repository.

2.2.0 (2015-10-04)

Drop ruby 1.8 support

Use ruby-oci8 2.1.8 for ruby 1.8.

Drop Oracle 9i support

Use ruby-oci8 2.1.8 for Oracle 9i.

New Features

Support LOB over 4G

Fix to install ruby-oci8 on OS X 10.11 El Capitan.

DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH is unset for security reasons on OS X 10.11. The installation script was changed to work without DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH and check the environment variable OCI_DIR also to tell instant client directory.

Other Changes

  • Change the default prefetch row size to 100.

  • Add notice that OCI8::LOB is an I/O object and is closed when a associating connection is closed.

  • Add ruby-oci8 version the driver name, which is displayed in V$SESSION_CONNECT_INFO.CLIENT_DRIVER for Oracle or later. (suggested by Christopher Jones)

  • Use Kernel.load in ruby-oci8.gemspec instead of load. load, without the module name, is used as Gem::Specification.load by some ruby installations.

  • Add OCI8.charset_name2id and OCI8.charset_id2name. Mark OCI8#charset_name2id and OCI8#charset_id2name as deprecated.

2.1.8 (2015-04-04)

New Features

Send and receive timeouts

New methods OCI8#send_timeout, OCI8#send_timeout=, OCI8#recv_timeout and OCI8#recv_timeout= were added. They are available on Oracle 11.1 or upper.

Use them at your own risk because they use undocumented OCI handle attributes.

Cancel read system calls not to prevent ruby process termination

When network quality is poor and incoming packets are lost irregularly, the ruby process termination may be blocked until TCP keepalive time (2 hours).

By setting OCI8.properties[:cancel_read_at_exit] true, read system calls, which may wait incoming packets, are canceled at exit. See: github issue #56

This feature is disabled by default because it uses unusual technique which hooks read system calls issued by Oracle client library and it works only on Linux, Windows and OSX.


Object allocation code is rewritten to use RGenGC.

Fixed Issues

  • Raises an exception when a closed OCI8 object is used. Using a closed cursor causes various problems such as segmentation fault, nil comparison error and so on. See: github issue #61 and github issue #62

    (reported by Mike Bourgeous)

  • Fix "RuntimeError:executing in another thread" when a closed connection is used. This bug was introduced by the previously listed issue. See: github issue #64

    (reported by Yasuo Honda)

  • Fix SEGV when a temporary LOB is freed by GC while reading another lob and the ruby version is 2.0.0 or upper.

  • Skip rollback on logoff when no transactions are in progress.

  • Fix a broken link in README.md. See: github issue #67

    (reported by Zloy)

  • Don't use SYM2ID on ruby 2.2.0 or later not to make symbols unGCable by Symbol GC.

2.1.7 (2014-02-02)

New Features

Fixed Issues

  • Fix OCI8#describe_table to follow synonyms in a remote database.

2.1.6 (2013-12-29)

New Features

Support ruby 2.1.0

Support cygwin x86_64

OCI8#describe_synonym and OCI8#describe_any accept 'PUBLIC.XXX' as a public synonym name.

Fixed Issues

  • fix wrong return valus of OCI8::Metadata::Synonym#schema_name and #translated_name for synonyms with a database link but without schema_name.

  • fix ruby version checking in binary gem. Gem::ruby_version of ruby 2.0.0p195 is, which doesn't match '= 2.0.0'.

    (github issue #36 reported by sodonnel)

  • fix SEGV when metadata are accessed after the session is disconnected.

  • fix undefined method 'char_used?' when OCI8::Metadata::Argument#inspect is called.

  • fix tests in an environment where the data size of "CAST('1' AS CHAR(1 char))" is wrong.

  • suppress warnings "MiniTest::Unit::TestCase is now Minitest::Test" when minitest gem is installed.

  • fix SEGV when oci8lib.so is compiled by mingw64 without runtime-check option. Note that binary gems are compiled with runtime-check to check available Oracle client features at runtime.

  • fix SEGV when one connection is used by more than two threads and temporary lobs are freed by GC.

2.1.5 (2013-03-09)

New Features


'rubyoci8' is set as the driver name, which is displayed in V$SESSION_CONNECT_INFO.CLIENT_DRIVER when both the client and the server are Oracle 11g or upper.

Fixed Issues

  • fix segmentation fault when the process exits on rubinius.

  • fix "OCI Library Initialization Error" only when the Oracle instant client is for Solaris x86 32-bit, the ruby version is 1.9.3 or upper and the ruby is compiled by gcc.

2.1.4 (2013-01-06)

New Features

Fast Application Notification (FAN) support

Look at http://php.net/manual/en/oci8.connection.php to know what is FAN. oci8.events in PHP corresponds to OCI8.properties[:events_mode] in ruby-oci8.

Note: You need to set OCI8.properties[:events_mode] after "require 'oci8'" and before any methods which call Oracle OCI functions.

Fixed Issues

  • fix SEGV when a temporary LOB is freed when OCILobRead returns OCI_NEED_DATA. See: github issue #20

    (reported by Edgars Beigarts)

  • use RUBY_VERSION instead of RbConfig::CONFIG['ruby_version'] to know the ruby ABI version. The latter may be changed by the configure option --with-ruby-version. See: github issue #24

    (reported by suhrawardi)

  • add a script encoding magic comment for ruby 2.0.0 preview2. See: github issue #25

    (reported by aboltart)

  • fix OCI8#describe_table not to follow synonyms until stack overflow. Now the recursive level is limited to 20. See: github issue #26

    (reported by Brian Henderson)

2.1.3 (2012-11-11)

New Features


It returns the text of the SQL statement prepared in the cursor.

cursor = conn.parse("select * from country where country_code = 'ja'")
cursor.statement # => "select * from country where country_code = 'ja'"

See: github issue #16

Specification changes

License was changed to 2-clause BSD-style license.

The former license was same with old ruby (<= 1.9.2) license.

Oracle object type's DATE field type

Ruby-oci8 had returned a DateTime object when Oracle object type's DATE field type was accessed. Now it returns a Time object.

Fixed Issues

  • Fix to work with procedures and functions that return temporary lobs. See: github issue #13

    (contributed by timon)

  • Fix Oracle object type's DATE field tests. See: github issue #17

    (reported by Yasuo Honda)

  • Fix a sequence test failure on Oracle 11gR2. See: github issue #18

    (reported by Yasuo Honda)

  • Include COPYING files. See: github issue #19

    (requested by Johannes Weberhofer)

  • Fix SEGV when a temporary LOB is GCed while another LOB is read. See: github issue #20

    (reported by techsplicer)

  • Fix # when ruby is less than 1.9.2 and an object type's time attribute is accessed.

2.1.2 (2012-04-28)

Specification changes

Statement caching in OCI is disabled by default.

This is workaround about a SIGSEGV issue. See: oracle enhanced issue #162

Fixed Issues

2.1.1 (2012-04-22)

New Features

Statement caching in OCI

See http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E11882_01/appdev.112/e10646/oci09adv.htm#i471377. This feature is enabled only when the Oracle client is 9iR2 or upper.

The default cache size is 20. It can be changed as follows.

# change the size to 100.
OCI8.properties[:statement_cache_size] = 100

Note: The default size was changed to zero in 2.1.2.

Specification changes

OCI8::LOB#read() returns an empty string '' when it is an empty lob.

It had been returned nil.

Fixed Issues

  • OCI8::CLOB.new(conn, '') works now.

  • fix core dump when calling PL/SQL procedure with cursor argument. See: https://github.com/kubo/ruby-oci8/issues/11

    (reported by Raimonds Simanovskis)

  • fix testcase failures in DST. See: https://github.com/kubo/ruby-oci8/issues/8

    (reported by Yasuo Honda)

  • fix a compilation issue on Redhat.

    (reported by John Beckwith and others)

  • fix "wrong number of arguments (1 for 2)" when a date member in a object type is accessed.

    (repored by LeoŇ° Bitto)

2.1.0 (2011-12-13)

New Features

OCI connection pooling

See: OCI8::ConnectionPool

Daylight saving time aware if TZ is set.

You should set the environment variable TZ if your applications run in a time zone with daylight saving time transitions. Otherwise, Oracle session time zone is set with current constant offset from GMT. (reported by Yasuo Honda)

connect as sysasm (Oracle 11g only)

You can connect to the Oracle server as SYSASM privilege as follows:

OCI8.new('username/password as sysasm')


OCI8.new('username', 'password', nil, :SYSASM)

Oracle number is converted to ruby float exactly same as ruby does.

From ruby 1.9.2, a float value converted from Oracle number 15.7 by the Oracle function OCINumberToReal() makes a string representation 15.700000000000001 by Float#to_s. (See: href="http://redmine.ruby-lang.org/issues/4656%7D">http://redmine.ruby-lang.org/issues/4656) To avoid this issue, any Oracle number is converted to a float as ruby's String#to_f does.

The behavior is customizable by OCI8.properties[:float_conversion_type].

OCI8.properties[:float_conversion_type] = :oracle # => Use OCINumberToReal()
OCI8.properties[:float_conversion_type] = :ruby # => Use String#to_f

The default value is :ruby.

OCISuccessWithInfo exceptions are not raised any more.

Ruby-oci8 2.0 treats OCI_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO in OCI layer as an error and raise an exception OCISuccessWithInfo such as "ORA-24347: Warning of a NULL column in an aggregate function" and "ORA-28002: the password will expire within xx days."

From 2.1.0, it is treated as a warning and the exception is set to OCI8#last_error.

OCI8#last_error is added.

The last error or warning associated with the session is set to OCI8#last_error. The usecase is to detect OCISuccessWithInfo. It is reset by OCI8#exec and OCI8#parse.

Experimental support of character length semantics

OCI8.properties[:length_semantics] indicates length semantics of OCI8::Cursor#bind_param. When it is :char, the length is counted by the number of characters. When it is :byte, it is counted by the number of bytes.

OCI8.client_charset_name and OCI8#database_charset_name are added.

They return Oracle charset name such as WE8ISO8859P15.

Specification changes

The parent class OCINoData was changed from OCIException to OCIError.

Oracle 8 and Oracie 8i is not supported anymore.

Fixed Issues

  • Fix a bug that an array is always bound as null. This bug was introduced in ruby-oci8 2.0.5.

    (reported by LeoŇ° Bitto)

  • Avoid a gcc internal compiler error when using ruby1.9.2-p290 on ubuntu 11.10 (64bit).

    (reported by Bob Saveland.)

  • Fix compilation problems on Solaris.

    (Reported by Sanjiv Patel.)

  • Fix compilation problems on Linux.

    (Reported by Edgars Beigarts.)

  • Connections are released by GC without explicit logoff.

  • Set ruby encoding CP950 for oracle characterset ZHT16MSWIN950 and CP951 for ZHT16HKSCS and ZHT16HKSCS31 when the ruby is 1.9.3.

  • Clear an executuing thread information in a connection when a SQL executions is canceled by Thread#kill or Timeout::timeout.

    (reported by Aaron Qian)

  • Fix some test cases for object type and TZ issues.

    (reported by Yasuo Honda)

  • Use Gem::Command.build_args to get arguments after '--'.

    (reported by jbirdjavi)

2.0.6 (2011-06-14)

Fixed issues

  • fix SEGV when freeing a temporary LOB during GC on rubinius 1.2.3.

  • revert the exception type from RuntimeError to OCIException when a closed OCI handle's method is called. It was chaned in 2.0.5 by mistake.

2.0.5 (2011-06-12)

New Features

Support Rubinius.

OraNumber#has_decimal_part? is added.


OraNumber(10).has_decimal_part?   # => false
OraNumber(10.1).has_decimal_part? # => true

Limitted support for OraNumber's positive and negative infinity.

They are converted to '~' and '-~' respectively as described in http://www.ixora.com.au/notes/infinity.htm.

OCI8.properties is added to control ruby-oci8 behaviour.

It supports :bind_string_as_nchar only for now.

OCI8.properties[:bind_string_as_nchar] is added.

You need to set "OCI8.properties[:bind_string_as_nchar] = true" if the database character set is not UTF-8 and 'NCHAR'/'NVARCHAR2' columns contain characters which cannot be converted to the database character set.

See: rubyforge thread 48838

Fixed issues

  • Fix InvalidHandle errors on Rails.

    (reported by Jordan Curzon and Aaron Qian)

    See: rubyforge thread 49751

  • Raise "OCIError: ORA-01805: possible error in date/time operation" when Oracle 11gR2's client and server timezone versions are not same instead of raising a exception "undefined method `*' for nil:NilClass."

    See: rubyforge thread 49102

  • Fix unexpectedly disconnect when failed-logon connections is GC'ed and the connection object's address is accidentally same with an alive connection.

  • Fix segmentation fault when calling OCI8::Cursor#[] for closed statement objects.

    (reported by Hugo L. Borges)

  • Fix a bug that a string is bound to RAW. Its encoding had been convertd to OCI8.encoding incorrectly.

  • Fix memory leaks when temporary lobs are used.

  • Fix a problem to assign 'NULL' bind value to object type bind variables.

    (reported by Raimonds Simanovskis)

  • Support LOB datatypes in object type.

    (reported by Michael Sexton)

  • Fix to compile on cygwin. The declaration of 'boolean' in Oracle conflicts with that of latest cygwin.

    (reported by Don Hill).

  • Fix to complie for the 32-bit ruby which was compiled on x86_64 linux and configured without '--build', '--host' nor '--target'. The 'RUBY_PLATFORM' is 'x86_64-linux' even though the ruby is 32-bit.

    (reported by Jason Renschler)

  • Fix wrong dependencies in Makefile when running 'make -jNNN (where NNN >= 2)'

    (contributed by Alyano Alyanos. See bug #28129 on rubyforge.)

  • Fix to compile on HP-UX. Duplicated const qualifiers prevented HP-UX cc from compiling.

    (reported by Sebastian YEPES)

2.0.4 (2010-02-28)

New Features

OCI8.error_message is added.

Gets the Oracle error message specified by message id. Its language depends on 'NLS_LANGUAGE'.

Note: This method is unavailable if the Oracle client version is 8.0.

# => "ORA-00001: unique constraint (%s.%s) violated"

# => "ORA-00001: violation de contrainte unique (%s.%s)"

OraNumber#dump is added.

Returns OraNumber's internal representation whose format is same with the return value of Oracle SQL function DUMP().

OraNumber.new(100).dump #=> "Typ=2 Len=2: 194,2"
OraNumber.new(123).dump #=> "Typ=2 Len=3: 194,2,24"
OraNumber.new(0.1).dump #=> "Typ=2 Len=2: 192,11"

Fixed issues

  • Fractional second part is lost when ruby's Time instance is bound to Oracle datatype TIMESTAMP.

    (reported by Raimonds Simanovskis)

  • OraNumber#to_i and OraNumber#to_s fail when its scale is larger than 38.

    (reported by Raimonds Simanovskis)

  • Memory leak about 30 bytes per one place holder for object type.

  • Segmentation fault when a collection of string is bound.

    (reported by Raimonds Simanovskis)

  • Segmentation fault when GC starts while initializing a bind object for object type.

    (reported by Remi Gagnon)

  • Segmentation fault when OCI8::Cursor#fetch is called prior to OCI8::Cursor#exec.

  • Detailed error message is not reported when 'PL/SQL NO_DATA_FOUND' exception is raised.

    (reported by Raimonds Simanovskis)

2.0.3 (2009-10-21)

Incompatible Changes

Number column in a SQL statement

Changes the default data type for number column which fit neither Integer nor Float from OraNumber to BigDecimal.

conn.exec("select 1.0 from dual") do |row|
  p row[0] # => BigDecimal("1") if the ruby-oci8 version is 2.0.3.
           # => OraNumber(1) if the version is 2.0.2.

Priority of OraNumber within numerical types

The return types of basic arithmetic operations with other numerical types are changed.


OraNumber + Integer    => OraNumber  (OraNumber wins.)
OraNumber + Float      => Float      (OraNumber loses.)
OraNumber + Rational   => Rational   (OraNumber loses.)
OraNumber + BigDecimal => BigDecimal (OraNumber loses.)


OraNumber + Integer    => OraNumber  (OraNumber wins always.)
OraNumber + Float      => OraNumber
OraNumber + Rational   => OraNumber
OraNumber + BigDecimal => OraNumber

Interval day to second

The retrived value of Oracle data type "interval day to second" was changed from the number of days as a Rational to the number of seconds as a Float by default. Use 'OCI8::BindType::IntervalDS.unit = :day' to make it compatible with the previous versions.

conn.exec("select to_dsinterval('0 00:00:01') from dual") do |row|
  p row[0] # => 1.0 if the version is 2.0.3 and
           #    OCI8::BindType::IntervalDS.unit is :second.
           # => (1/86400) if the version is 2.0.3 and
           #    OCI8::BindType::IntervalDS.unit is :day or
           #    the version is 2.0.2.

Date, timestamp, timestamp with time zone data types and ruby 1.9.2

These data types are retrived always as Time values when the ruby version is 1.9.2 because the Time class is enhanced to represent any time zone and is free from year 2038 problem.

Prior to ruby 1.9.2, if the time cannot be represented by Unix time or the time zone is neither utc nor local, they are retrived as DateTime values.

Non-blocking mode and ruby 1.9

Non-blocking mode is enabled by default when the ruby is 1.9.

New Features

BigDecimal and Rational are availabe as bind values.

New methods OCI8#module=, OCI8#action= and OCI8#client_info= are added.

These methods change the module name, the action name and the client_info in the current session respectively.

After Oracle 10g client, these don't perform network round trips. The change is reflected to the server by the next round trip such as OCI8#exec, OCI8#ping, etc.

Prior to Oracle 10g client, these call PL/SQL functions such as DBMS_APPLICATION_INFO.SET_MODULE, DBMS_APPLICATION_INFO.SET_ACTION, and DBMS_APPLICATION_INFO.SET_CLIENT_INFO internally. The change is reflected immediately by a network round trip.


The default time zone of Time or DateTime values. This parameter is used only when

  • date values are fetched and the Oracle client version is 8.x


  • object types have date data type attributes.

Note that if the Oracle client version is 9i or upper, the time zone is determined by the session time zone. The default value is local time zone. You can change it to GMT by executing the following SQL statement for each connection.

alter session set time_zone = '00:00'

Note: The session time zone is set by the environment variable TZ from ruby-oci8 2.1.0.

Other specification changes

  • Add a global function OraNumber(obj) as a shortcut of OraNumber.new(obj) as Rational and BigDecimal do.

  • Fix to accept nil attribute in object type's constructors. This works only for simple data types such as number, string. But it doesn't for complex types such as object types. (requested by Remi Gagnon)

  • add DATE datatype support in object types.

  • Change OCI8::LOB#write to accept an object which is not a String and doesn't respond to 'to_str' as IO#write does. (requested by Christopher Jones)

  • Change the initial polling interval of non-blocking mode for ruby 1.8 from 100 msec to 10 msec, which is same with ruby-oci8 1.0.

Fixed installation issues

  • Fix oraconf.rb for ruby 1.8.5 with Oracle 8.x which needs some object files to link with.

    (reported by Jayson Cena)

  • Fix oraconf.rb for ruby 1.9.2 preview1.

    (pointed by Raimonds Simanovskis)

  • Fix oraconf.rb to compile for AIX instant clients.

    (reported by Kazuya Teramoto)

2.0.2 (2009-05-17)

  • add new methods

  • fix problems when compiling with Oracle 9.2 and 8.0.

    (reported by Axel Reinhold)

  • [dbi] fix to pass a newly added sanity check in dbi 0.4.1.

    (reported by Dirk Herzhauser)

  • fix an error when executing "select NULL from dual".

    rubyforge thread 32468 (contributed by Raimonds Simanovskis)

  • [ruby 1.9] fix OCI8::BLOB to read/write binary. Prior to 2.0.1,

    it was treated as text tagged with 'NLS_LANG' encoding.

  • [ruby 1.9] fix to bind string data by the length got from String#bytesize converted to OCI8.encoding, not by String#size.

2.0.1 (2009-03-17)

  • release a binary gem for Windows, which contains libraries for both ruby 1.8 and ruby 1.9.1.
  • add OCI8#oracle_server_version.
  • fix bugs when fetching and binding time objects.