Class: Brakeman::CheckLinkToHref

Inherits:
CheckLinkTo show all
Defined in:
lib/brakeman/checks/check_link_to_href.rb

Overview

Checks for calls to link_to which pass in potentially hazardous data to the second argument. While this argument must be html_safe to not break the html, it must also be url safe as determined by calling a :url_safe_method. This prevents attacks such as javascript:evil() or data:<encoded XSS> which is html_safe, but not safe as an href Props to Nick Green for the idea.

Constant Summary

Constants inherited from CheckCrossSiteScripting

Brakeman::CheckCrossSiteScripting::CGI, Brakeman::CheckCrossSiteScripting::FORM_BUILDER, Brakeman::CheckCrossSiteScripting::HAML_HELPERS, Brakeman::CheckCrossSiteScripting::IGNORE_LIKE, Brakeman::CheckCrossSiteScripting::IGNORE_MODEL_METHODS, Brakeman::CheckCrossSiteScripting::MODEL_METHODS, Brakeman::CheckCrossSiteScripting::URI, Brakeman::CheckCrossSiteScripting::XML_HELPER

Constants inherited from BaseCheck

BaseCheck::CONFIDENCE

Constants included from Util

Util::ALL_PARAMETERS, Util::COOKIES, Util::COOKIES_SEXP, Util::PARAMETERS, Util::PARAMS_SEXP, Util::PATH_PARAMETERS, Util::QUERY_PARAMETERS, Util::REQUEST_ENV, Util::REQUEST_PARAMETERS, Util::REQUEST_PARAMS, Util::SESSION, Util::SESSION_SEXP

Constants inherited from SexpProcessor

SexpProcessor::VERSION

Instance Attribute Summary

Attributes inherited from BaseCheck

#tracker, #warnings

Attributes inherited from SexpProcessor

#context, #env, #expected

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods inherited from CheckLinkTo

#actually_process_call, #check_argument, #check_matched, #check_method, #check_user_input, #process_call, #warn_xss

Methods inherited from CheckCrossSiteScripting

#actually_process_call, #boolean_method?, #cgi_escaped?, #check_for_immediate_xss, #form_builder_method?, #haml_escaped?, #ignore_call?, #ignored_method?, #ignored_model_method?, #likely_model_attribute?, #process_call, #process_cookies, #process_escaped_output, #process_format, #process_format_escaped, #process_if, #process_output, #process_params, #process_render, #process_string_interp, #raw_call?, #safe_input_attribute?, #setup, #xml_escaped?

Methods inherited from BaseCheck

#add_result, inherited, #initialize, #process_call, #process_cookies, #process_default, #process_if, #process_params, #process_string_interp

Methods included from Util

#array?, #block?, #call?, #camelize, #contains_class?, #context_for, #cookies?, #false?, #file_by_name, #file_for, #github_url, #hash?, #hash_access, #hash_insert, #hash_iterate, #integer?, #make_call, #node_type?, #number?, #params?, #pluralize, #regexp?, #relative_path, #request_env?, #request_value?, #result?, #set_env_defaults, #sexp?, #string?, #symbol?, #table_to_csv, #template_path_to_name, #true?, #truncate_table, #underscore

Methods included from ProcessorHelper

#class_name, #process_all, #process_all!, #process_call_args, #process_class, #process_module

Methods inherited from SexpProcessor

#error_handler, #in_context, #initialize, #process, #process_dummy, #scope

Constructor Details

This class inherits a constructor from Brakeman::BaseCheck

Instance Method Details

#process_result(result) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/brakeman/checks/check_link_to_href.rb', line 32

def process_result result
  #Have to make a copy of this, otherwise it will be changed to
  #an ignored method call by the code above.
  call = result[:call] = result[:call].dup
  @matched = false
  url_arg = process call.second_arg

  #Ignore situations where the href is an interpolated string
  #with something before the user input
  return if node_type?(url_arg, :string_interp) && !url_arg[1].chomp.empty?


  if input = has_immediate_user_input?(url_arg)
    message = "Unsafe #{friendly_type_of input} in link_to href"

    unless duplicate? result
      add_result result
      warn :result => result,
        :warning_type => "Cross Site Scripting", 
        :warning_code => :xss_link_to_href,
        :message => message,
        :user_input => input.match,
        :confidence => CONFIDENCE[:high],
        :link_path => "link_to_href"
    end
  elsif has_immediate_model? url_arg

    # Decided NOT warn on models.  polymorphic_path is called it a model is 
    # passed to link_to (which passes it to url_for)

  elsif array? url_arg
    # Just like models, polymorphic path/url is called if the argument is 
    # an array      

  elsif hash? url_arg

    # url_for uses the key/values pretty carefully and I don't see a risk.
    # IF you have default routes AND you accept user input for :controller
    # and :only_path, then MAYBE you could trigger a javascript:/data: 
    # attack. 

  elsif @matched
    if @matched.type == :model and not tracker.options[:ignore_model_output]
      message = "Unsafe model attribute in link_to href"
    elsif @matched.type == :params
      message = "Unsafe parameter value in link_to href"
    end

    if message and not duplicate? result
      add_result result
      warn :result => result, 
        :warning_type => "Cross Site Scripting", 
        :warning_code => :xss_link_to_href,
        :message => message,
        :user_input => @matched.match,
        :confidence => CONFIDENCE[:med],
        :link_path => "link_to_href"
    end
  end
end

#run_checkObject


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# File 'lib/brakeman/checks/check_link_to_href.rb', line 14

def run_check
  @ignore_methods = Set[:button_to, :check_box,
                         :field_field, :fields_for, :hidden_field,
                         :hidden_field, :hidden_field_tag, :image_tag, :label,
                         :mail_to, :radio_button, :select,
                         :submit_tag, :text_area, :text_field,
                         :text_field_tag, :url_encode, :url_for,
                         :will_paginate].merge(tracker.options[:url_safe_methods] || [])

  @models = tracker.models.keys
  @inspect_arguments = tracker.options[:check_arguments]

  methods = tracker.find_call :target => false, :method => :link_to 
  methods.each do |call|
    process_result call
  end
end