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S3 library provides access to Amazon’s Simple Storage Service.

It supports all S3 regions through the REST API.


gem install s3


Initialize the service

require "s3"
service = S3::Service.new(:access_key_id => "...",
                          :secret_access_key => "...")
#=> #<S3::Service:...>

List buckets

#=> [#<S3::Bucket:first-bucket>,
#    #<S3::Bucket:second-bucket>]

Find bucket

first_bucket = service.buckets.find("first-bucket")
#=> #<S3::Bucket:first-bucket>


first_bucket = service.bucket("first-bucket")
#=> #<S3::Bucket:first-bucket>

service.bucket("first-bucket") does not check whether a bucket with the name "first-bucket" exists, but it also does not issue any HTTP requests. Thus, the second example is much faster than buckets.find. You can use first_bucket.exists? to check whether the bucket exists after calling service.bucket.

Create bucket

new_bucket = service.buckets.build("newbucketname")
new_bucket.save(:location => :eu)

Remember that bucket name for EU can’t include “_” (underscore).

Please refer to: docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/dev/BucketRestrictions.html for more information about bucket name restrictions.

List objects in a bucket

#=> [#<S3::Object:/first-bucket/lenna.png>,
#    #<S3::Object:/first-bucket/lenna_mini.png>]

Find object in a bucket

object = first_bucket.objects.find("lenna.png")
#=> #<S3::Object:/first-bucket/lenna.png>

Access object metadata (cached from find)

#=> "image/png"

Access object content (downloads the object)

#=> "\x89PNG\r\n\x1A\n\x00\x00\x00\rIHDR\x00..."

Delete an object

#=> true

Create an object

new_object = bucket.objects.build("bender.png")
#=> #<S3::Object:/synergy-staging/bender.png>

new_object.content = open("bender.png")

new_object.acl = :public_read

#=> true

Please note that new objects are created with “private” ACL by default.

Request access to a private object

Returns a temporary url to the object that expires on the timestamp given. Defaults to one hour expire time.

new_object.temporary_url(Time.now + 1800)

Fetch ACL

object = bucket.objects.find('lenna.png')
object.request_acl # or bucket.request_acl

This will return hash with all users/groups and theirs permissions

Modify ACL

object = bucket.objects.find("lenna.png")
object.copy(:key => "lenna.png", :bucket => bucket, :acl => :public_read)

Upload file direct to amazon

Rails 3

Check the example in this gist, which describes how to use a simple form element to upload files directly to S3.

See also

Copyright © 2009 Jakub Kuźma, Mirosław Boruta. See LICENSE for details.