Class: StringScanner

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
ext/strscan/strscan.c,
ext/strscan/strscan.c

Overview

StringScanner provides for lexical scanning operations on a String. Here is an example of its usage:

require 'strscan'

s = StringScanner.new('This is an example string')
s.eos?               # -> false

p s.scan(/\w+/)      # -> "This"
p s.scan(/\w+/)      # -> nil
p s.scan(/\s+/)      # -> " "
p s.scan(/\s+/)      # -> nil
p s.scan(/\w+/)      # -> "is"
s.eos?               # -> false

p s.scan(/\s+/)      # -> " "
p s.scan(/\w+/)      # -> "an"
p s.scan(/\s+/)      # -> " "
p s.scan(/\w+/)      # -> "example"
p s.scan(/\s+/)      # -> " "
p s.scan(/\w+/)      # -> "string"
s.eos?               # -> true

p s.scan(/\s+/)      # -> nil
p s.scan(/\w+/)      # -> nil

Scanning a string means remembering the position of a scan pointer, which is just an index. The point of scanning is to move forward a bit at a time, so matches are sought after the scan pointer; usually immediately after it.

Given the string “test string”, here are the pertinent scan pointer positions:

  t e s t   s t r i n g
0 1 2 ...             1
                      0

When you #scan for a pattern (a regular expression), the match must occur at the character after the scan pointer. If you use #scan_until, then the match can occur anywhere after the scan pointer. In both cases, the scan pointer moves just beyond the last character of the match, ready to scan again from the next character onwards. This is demonstrated by the example above.

Method Categories

There are other methods besides the plain scanners. You can look ahead in the string without actually scanning. You can access the most recent match. You can modify the string being scanned, reset or terminate the scanner, find out or change the position of the scan pointer, skip ahead, and so on.

Advancing the Scan Pointer

  • #getch

  • #get_byte

  • #scan

  • #scan_until

  • #skip

  • #skip_until

Looking Ahead

  • #check

  • #check_until

  • #exist?

  • #match?

  • #peek

Finding Where we Are

  • #beginning_of_line? (#bol?)

  • #eos?

  • #rest?

  • #rest_size

  • #pos

Setting Where we Are

  • #reset

  • #terminate

  • #pos=

Match Data

  • #matched

  • #matched?

  • #matched_size

  • #[]

  • #pre_match

  • #post_match

Miscellaneous

  • <<

  • #concat

  • #string

  • #string=

  • #unscan

There are aliases to several of the methods.

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Error

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.must_C_versionObject

This method is defined for backward compatibility.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 304

static VALUE
strscan_s_mustc(VALUE self)
{
    return self;
}

Instance Method Details

#concat(str) ⇒ Object #<<(str) ⇒ Object

Appends str to the string being scanned. This method does not affect scan pointer.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.scan(/Fri /)
s << " +1000 GMT"
s.string            # -> "Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39 +1000 GMT"
s.scan(/Dec/)       # -> "Dec"

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 397

static VALUE
strscan_concat(VALUE self, VALUE str)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    StringValue(str);
    rb_str_append(p->str, str);
    return self;
}

#[](n) ⇒ Object

Returns the n-th subgroup in the most recent match.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.scan(/(\w+) (\w+) (\d+) /)       # -> "Fri Dec 12 "
s[0]                               # -> "Fri Dec 12 "
s[1]                               # -> "Fri"
s[2]                               # -> "Dec"
s[3]                               # -> "12"
s.post_match                       # -> "1975 14:39"
s.pre_match                        # -> ""

s.reset
s.scan(/(?<wday>\w+) (?<month>\w+) (?<day>\d+) /)       # -> "Fri Dec 12 "
s[0]                               # -> "Fri Dec 12 "
s[1]                               # -> "Fri"
s[2]                               # -> "Dec"
s[3]                               # -> "12"
s[:wday]                           # -> "Fri"
s[:month]                          # -> "Dec"
s[:day]                            # -> "12"
s.post_match                       # -> "1975 14:39"
s.pre_match                        # -> ""

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1155

static VALUE
strscan_aref(VALUE self, VALUE idx)
{
    const char *name;
    struct strscanner *p;
    long i;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p))        return Qnil;

    switch (TYPE(idx)) {
        case T_SYMBOL:
            idx = rb_sym2str(idx);
            /* fall through */
        case T_STRING:
            if (!RTEST(p->regex)) return Qnil;
            RSTRING_GETMEM(idx, name, i);
            i = name_to_backref_number(&(p->regs), p->regex, name, name + i, rb_enc_get(idx));
            break;
        default:
            i = NUM2LONG(idx);
    }

    if (i < 0)
        i += p->regs.num_regs;
    if (i < 0)                 return Qnil;
    if (i >= p->regs.num_regs) return Qnil;
    if (p->regs.beg[i] == -1)  return Qnil;

    return extract_range(p,
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.beg[i]),
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.end[i]));
}

#beginning_of_line?Boolean

Returns true if and only if the scan pointer is at the beginning of the line.

s = StringScanner.new("test\ntest\n")
s.bol?           # => true
s.scan(/te/)
s.bol?           # => false
s.scan(/st\n/)
s.bol?           # => true
s.terminate
s.bol?           # => true

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 995

static VALUE
strscan_bol_p(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (CURPTR(p) > S_PEND(p)) return Qnil;
    if (p->curr == 0) return Qtrue;
    return (*(CURPTR(p) - 1) == '\n') ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

#capturesObject

Returns the subgroups in the most recent match (not including the full match). If nothing was priorly matched, it returns nil.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.scan(/(\w+) (\w+) (\d+) /)       # -> "Fri Dec 12 "
s.captures                         # -> ["Fri", "Dec", "12"]
s.scan(/(\w+) (\w+) (\d+) /)       # -> nil
s.captures                         # -> nil

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1221

static VALUE
strscan_captures(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    int   i, num_regs;
    VALUE new_ary;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p))        return Qnil;

    num_regs = p->regs.num_regs;
    new_ary  = rb_ary_new2(num_regs);

    for (i = 1; i < num_regs; i++) {
        VALUE str = extract_range(p,
                                  adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.beg[i]),
                                  adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.end[i]));
        rb_ary_push(new_ary, str);
    }

    return new_ary;
}

#charposObject

Returns the character position of the scan pointer. In the 'reset' position, this value is zero. In the 'terminated' position (i.e. the string is exhausted), this value is the size of the string.

In short, it's a 0-based index into the string.

s = StringScanner.new("abc\u00e4def\u00f6ghi")
s.charpos                # -> 0
s.scan_until(/\u00e4/)   # -> "abc\u00E4"
s.pos                    # -> 5
s.charpos                # -> 4

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 444

static VALUE
strscan_get_charpos(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);

    return LONG2NUM(rb_enc_strlen(S_PBEG(p), CURPTR(p), rb_enc_get(p->str)));
}

#check(pattern) ⇒ Object

This returns the value that #scan would return, without advancing the scan pointer. The match register is affected, though.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.check /Fri/               # -> "Fri"
s.pos                       # -> 0
s.matched                   # -> "Fri"
s.check /12/                # -> nil
s.matched                   # -> nil

Mnemonic: it “checks” to see whether a #scan will return a value.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 714

static VALUE
strscan_check(VALUE self, VALUE re)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, 0, 1, 1);
}

#check_until(pattern) ⇒ Object

This returns the value that #scan_until would return, without advancing the scan pointer. The match register is affected, though.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.check_until /12/          # -> "Fri Dec 12"
s.pos                       # -> 0
s.matched                   # -> 12

Mnemonic: it “checks” to see whether a #scan_until will return a value.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 808

static VALUE
strscan_check_until(VALUE self, VALUE re)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, 0, 1, 0);
}

#clearObject

Equivalent to #terminate. This method is obsolete; use #terminate instead.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 346

static VALUE
strscan_clear(VALUE self)
{
    rb_warning("StringScanner#clear is obsolete; use #terminate instead");
    return strscan_terminate(self);
}

#concat(str) ⇒ Object #<<(str) ⇒ Object

Appends str to the string being scanned. This method does not affect scan pointer.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.scan(/Fri /)
s << " +1000 GMT"
s.string            # -> "Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39 +1000 GMT"
s.scan(/Dec/)       # -> "Dec"

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 397

static VALUE
strscan_concat(VALUE self, VALUE str)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    StringValue(str);
    rb_str_append(p->str, str);
    return self;
}

#empty?Boolean

Equivalent to #eos?. This method is obsolete, use #eos? instead.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1029

static VALUE
strscan_empty_p(VALUE self)
{
    rb_warning("StringScanner#empty? is obsolete; use #eos? instead");
    return strscan_eos_p(self);
}

#eos?Boolean

Returns true if the scan pointer is at the end of the string.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
p s.eos?          # => false
s.scan(/test/)
p s.eos?          # => false
s.terminate
p s.eos?          # => true

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1016

static VALUE
strscan_eos_p(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    return EOS_P(p) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

#exist?(pattern) ⇒ Boolean

Looks ahead to see if the pattern exists anywhere in the string, without advancing the scan pointer. This predicates whether a #scan_until will return a value.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.exist? /s/            # -> 3
s.scan /test/           # -> "test"
s.exist? /s/            # -> 2
s.exist? /e/            # -> nil

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 767

static VALUE
strscan_exist_p(VALUE self, VALUE re)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, 0, 0, 0);
}

#fixed_anchor?Boolean

Whether scanner uses fixed anchor mode or not.

If fixed anchor mode is used, \A always matches the beginning of the string. Otherwise, \A always matches the current position.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1453

static VALUE
strscan_fixed_anchor_p(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    p = check_strscan(self);
    return p->fixed_anchor_p ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

#get_byteObject

Scans one byte and returns it. This method is not multibyte character sensitive. See also: #getch.

s = StringScanner.new('ab')
s.get_byte         # => "a"
s.get_byte         # => "b"
s.get_byte         # => nil

s = StringScanner.new("\244\242".force_encoding("euc-jp"))
s.get_byte         # => "\xA4"
s.get_byte         # => "\xA2"
s.get_byte         # => nil

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 891

static VALUE
strscan_get_byte(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    CLEAR_MATCH_STATUS(p);
    if (EOS_P(p))
        return Qnil;

    p->prev = p->curr;
    p->curr++;
    MATCHED(p);
    adjust_registers_to_matched(p);
    return extract_range(p,
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.beg[0]),
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.end[0]));
}

#getbyteObject

Equivalent to #get_byte. This method is obsolete; use #get_byte instead.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 914

static VALUE
strscan_getbyte(VALUE self)
{
    rb_warning("StringScanner#getbyte is obsolete; use #get_byte instead");
    return strscan_get_byte(self);
}

#getchObject

Scans one character and returns it. This method is multibyte character sensitive.

s = StringScanner.new("ab")
s.getch           # => "a"
s.getch           # => "b"
s.getch           # => nil

s = StringScanner.new("\244\242".force_encoding("euc-jp"))
s.getch           # => "\x{A4A2}"   # Japanese hira-kana "A" in EUC-JP
s.getch           # => nil

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 854

static VALUE
strscan_getch(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    long len;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    CLEAR_MATCH_STATUS(p);
    if (EOS_P(p))
        return Qnil;

    len = rb_enc_mbclen(CURPTR(p), S_PEND(p), rb_enc_get(p->str));
    len = minl(len, S_RESTLEN(p));
    p->prev = p->curr;
    p->curr += len;
    MATCHED(p);
    adjust_registers_to_matched(p);
    return extract_range(p,
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.beg[0]),
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.end[0]));
}

#inspectObject

Returns a string that represents the StringScanner object, showing:

  • the current position

  • the size of the string

  • the characters surrounding the scan pointer

    s = StringScanner.new(“Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39”) s.inspect # -> '#<StringScanner 0/21 @ “Fri D…”>' s.scan_until /12/ # -> “Fri Dec 12” s.inspect # -> '#<StringScanner 10/21 “…ec 12” @ “ 1975…”>'


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1375

static VALUE
strscan_inspect(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    VALUE a, b;

    p = check_strscan(self);
    if (NIL_P(p->str)) {
	a = rb_sprintf("#<%"PRIsVALUE" (uninitialized)>", rb_obj_class(self));
	return a;
    }
    if (EOS_P(p)) {
	a = rb_sprintf("#<%"PRIsVALUE" fin>", rb_obj_class(self));
	return a;
    }
    if (p->curr == 0) {
	b = inspect2(p);
	a = rb_sprintf("#<%"PRIsVALUE" %ld/%ld @ %"PRIsVALUE">",
		       rb_obj_class(self),
		       p->curr, S_LEN(p),
		       b);
	return a;
    }
    a = inspect1(p);
    b = inspect2(p);
    a = rb_sprintf("#<%"PRIsVALUE" %ld/%ld %"PRIsVALUE" @ %"PRIsVALUE">",
		   rb_obj_class(self),
		   p->curr, S_LEN(p),
		   a, b);
    return a;
}

#match?(pattern) ⇒ Boolean

Tests whether the given pattern is matched from the current scan pointer. Returns the length of the match, or nil. The scan pointer is not advanced.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
p s.match?(/\w+/)   # -> 4
p s.match?(/\w+/)   # -> 4
p s.match?("test")  # -> 4
p s.match?(/\s+/)   # -> nil

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 669

static VALUE
strscan_match_p(VALUE self, VALUE re)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, 0, 0, 1);
}

#matchedObject

Returns the last matched string.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.match?(/\w+/)     # -> 4
s.matched           # -> "test"

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1078

static VALUE
strscan_matched(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p)) return Qnil;
    return extract_range(p,
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.beg[0]),
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.end[0]));
}

#matched?Boolean

Returns true if and only if the last match was successful.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.match?(/\w+/)     # => 4
s.matched?          # => true
s.match?(/\d+/)     # => nil
s.matched?          # => false

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1062

static VALUE
strscan_matched_p(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    return MATCHED_P(p) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

#matched_sizeObject

Returns the size of the most recent match in bytes, or nil if there was no recent match. This is different than matched.size, which will return the size in characters.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.check /\w+/           # -> "test"
s.matched_size          # -> 4
s.check /\d+/           # -> nil
s.matched_size          # -> nil

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1101

static VALUE
strscan_matched_size(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p)) return Qnil;
    return LONG2NUM(p->regs.end[0] - p->regs.beg[0]);
}

#peek(len) ⇒ Object

Extracts a string corresponding to string[pos,len], without advancing the scan pointer.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.peek(7)          # => "test st"
s.peek(7)          # => "test st"

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 932

static VALUE
strscan_peek(VALUE self, VALUE vlen)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    long len;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);

    len = NUM2LONG(vlen);
    if (EOS_P(p))
        return str_new(p, "", 0);

    len = minl(len, S_RESTLEN(p));
    return extract_beg_len(p, p->curr, len);
}

#peep(vlen) ⇒ Object

Equivalent to #peek. This method is obsolete; use #peek instead.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 952

static VALUE
strscan_peep(VALUE self, VALUE vlen)
{
    rb_warning("StringScanner#peep is obsolete; use #peek instead");
    return strscan_peek(self, vlen);
}

#pointerObject

Returns the byte position of the scan pointer. In the 'reset' position, this value is zero. In the 'terminated' position (i.e. the string is exhausted), this value is the bytesize of the string.

In short, it's a 0-based index into bytes of the string.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.pos               # -> 0
s.scan_until /str/  # -> "test str"
s.pos               # -> 8
s.terminate         # -> #<StringScanner fin>
s.pos               # -> 11

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 422

static VALUE
strscan_get_pos(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    return INT2FIX(p->curr);
}

#pos=(n) ⇒ Object

Sets the byte position of the scan pointer.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.pos = 7            # -> 7
s.rest               # -> "ring"

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 463

static VALUE
strscan_set_pos(VALUE self, VALUE v)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    long i;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    i = NUM2INT(v);
    if (i < 0) i += S_LEN(p);
    if (i < 0) rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "index out of range");
    if (i > S_LEN(p)) rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "index out of range");
    p->curr = i;
    return LONG2NUM(i);
}

#posObject

Returns the byte position of the scan pointer. In the 'reset' position, this value is zero. In the 'terminated' position (i.e. the string is exhausted), this value is the bytesize of the string.

In short, it's a 0-based index into bytes of the string.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.pos               # -> 0
s.scan_until /str/  # -> "test str"
s.pos               # -> 8
s.terminate         # -> #<StringScanner fin>
s.pos               # -> 11

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 422

static VALUE
strscan_get_pos(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    return INT2FIX(p->curr);
}

#pos=(n) ⇒ Object

Sets the byte position of the scan pointer.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.pos = 7            # -> 7
s.rest               # -> "ring"

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 463

static VALUE
strscan_set_pos(VALUE self, VALUE v)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    long i;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    i = NUM2INT(v);
    if (i < 0) i += S_LEN(p);
    if (i < 0) rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "index out of range");
    if (i > S_LEN(p)) rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "index out of range");
    p->curr = i;
    return LONG2NUM(i);
}

#post_matchObject

Returns the post-match (in the regular expression sense) of the last scan.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.scan(/\w+/)           # -> "test"
s.scan(/\s+/)           # -> " "
s.pre_match             # -> "test"
s.post_match            # -> "string"

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1306

static VALUE
strscan_post_match(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p)) return Qnil;
    return extract_range(p,
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.end[0]),
                         S_LEN(p));
}

#pre_matchObject

Returns the pre-match (in the regular expression sense) of the last scan.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.scan(/\w+/)           # -> "test"
s.scan(/\s+/)           # -> " "
s.pre_match             # -> "test"
s.post_match            # -> "string"

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1285

static VALUE
strscan_pre_match(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p)) return Qnil;
    return extract_range(p,
                         0,
                         adjust_register_position(p, p->regs.beg[0]));
}

#resetObject

Reset the scan pointer (index 0) and clear matching data.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 313

static VALUE
strscan_reset(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    p->curr = 0;
    CLEAR_MATCH_STATUS(p);
    return self;
}

#restObject

Returns the “rest” of the string (i.e. everything after the scan pointer). If there is no more data (eos? = true), it returns "".


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1322

static VALUE
strscan_rest(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (EOS_P(p)) {
        return str_new(p, "", 0);
    }
    return extract_range(p, p->curr, S_LEN(p));
}

#rest?Boolean

Returns true if and only if there is more data in the string. See #eos?. This method is obsolete; use #eos? instead.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.eos?              # These two
s.rest?             # are opposites.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1044

static VALUE
strscan_rest_p(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    return EOS_P(p) ? Qfalse : Qtrue;
}

#rest_sizeObject

s.rest_size is equivalent to s.rest.size.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1337

static VALUE
strscan_rest_size(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    long i;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (EOS_P(p)) {
        return INT2FIX(0);
    }
    i = S_RESTLEN(p);
    return INT2FIX(i);
}

#restsizeObject

s.restsize is equivalent to s.rest_size. This method is obsolete; use #rest_size instead.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1355

static VALUE
strscan_restsize(VALUE self)
{
    rb_warning("StringScanner#restsize is obsolete; use #rest_size instead");
    return strscan_rest_size(self);
}

#scan(pattern) ⇒ String

Tries to match with pattern at the current position. If there's a match, the scanner advances the “scan pointer” and returns the matched string. Otherwise, the scanner returns nil.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
p s.scan(/\w+/)   # -> "test"
p s.scan(/\w+/)   # -> nil
p s.scan(/\s+/)   # -> " "
p s.scan("str")   # -> "str"
p s.scan(/\w+/)   # -> "ing"
p s.scan(/./)     # -> nil

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 651

static VALUE
strscan_scan(VALUE self, VALUE re)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, 1, 1, 1);
}

#scan_full(pattern, advance_pointer_p, return_string_p) ⇒ Object

Tests whether the given pattern is matched from the current scan pointer. Advances the scan pointer if advance_pointer_p is true. Returns the matched string if return_string_p is true. The match register is affected.

“full” means “#scan with full parameters”.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 730

static VALUE
strscan_scan_full(VALUE self, VALUE re, VALUE s, VALUE f)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, RTEST(s), RTEST(f), 1);
}

#scan_until(pattern) ⇒ Object

Scans the string until the pattern is matched. Returns the substring up to and including the end of the match, advancing the scan pointer to that location. If there is no match, nil is returned.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.scan_until(/1/)        # -> "Fri Dec 1"
s.pre_match              # -> "Fri Dec "
s.scan_until(/XYZ/)      # -> nil

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 748

static VALUE
strscan_scan_until(VALUE self, VALUE re)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, 1, 1, 0);
}

#search_full(pattern, advance_pointer_p, return_string_p) ⇒ Object

Scans the string until the pattern is matched. Advances the scan pointer if advance_pointer_p, otherwise not. Returns the matched string if return_string_p is true, otherwise returns the number of bytes advanced. This method does affect the match register.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 823

static VALUE
strscan_search_full(VALUE self, VALUE re, VALUE s, VALUE f)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, RTEST(s), RTEST(f), 0);
}

#sizeObject

Returns the amount of subgroups in the most recent match. The full match counts as a subgroup.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.scan(/(\w+) (\w+) (\d+) /)       # -> "Fri Dec 12 "
s.size                             # -> 4

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1199

static VALUE
strscan_size(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p))        return Qnil;
    return INT2FIX(p->regs.num_regs);
}

#skip(pattern) ⇒ Object

Attempts to skip over the given pattern beginning with the scan pointer. If it matches, the scan pointer is advanced to the end of the match, and the length of the match is returned. Otherwise, nil is returned.

It's similar to #scan, but without returning the matched string.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
p s.skip(/\w+/)   # -> 4
p s.skip(/\w+/)   # -> nil
p s.skip(/\s+/)   # -> 1
p s.skip("st")    # -> 2
p s.skip(/\w+/)   # -> 4
p s.skip(/./)     # -> nil

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 693

static VALUE
strscan_skip(VALUE self, VALUE re)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, 1, 0, 1);
}

#skip_until(pattern) ⇒ Object

Advances the scan pointer until pattern is matched and consumed. Returns the number of bytes advanced, or nil if no match was found.

Look ahead to match pattern, and advance the scan pointer to the end of the match. Return the number of characters advanced, or nil if the match was unsuccessful.

It's similar to #scan_until, but without returning the intervening string.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.skip_until /12/           # -> 10
s                           #

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 789

static VALUE
strscan_skip_until(VALUE self, VALUE re)
{
    return strscan_do_scan(self, re, 1, 0, 0);
}

#stringObject

Returns the string being scanned.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 356

static VALUE
strscan_get_string(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    return p->str;
}

#string=(str) ⇒ Object

Changes the string being scanned to str and resets the scanner. Returns str.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 371

static VALUE
strscan_set_string(VALUE self, VALUE str)
{
    struct strscanner *p = check_strscan(self);

    StringValue(str);
    p->str = str;
    p->curr = 0;
    CLEAR_MATCH_STATUS(p);
    return str;
}

#terminateObject #clearObject

Sets the scan pointer to the end of the string and clear matching data.


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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 331

static VALUE
strscan_terminate(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    p->curr = S_LEN(p);
    CLEAR_MATCH_STATUS(p);
    return self;
}

#unscanObject

Sets the scan pointer to the previous position. Only one previous position is remembered, and it changes with each scanning operation.

s = StringScanner.new('test string')
s.scan(/\w+/)        # => "test"
s.unscan
s.scan(/../)         # => "te"
s.scan(/\d/)         # => nil
s.unscan             # ScanError: unscan failed: previous match record not exist

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 970

static VALUE
strscan_unscan(VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p))
        rb_raise(ScanError, "unscan failed: previous match record not exist");
    p->curr = p->prev;
    CLEAR_MATCH_STATUS(p);
    return self;
}

#values_at(i1, i2, ...iN) ⇒ Array

Returns the subgroups in the most recent match at the given indices. If nothing was priorly matched, it returns nil.

s = StringScanner.new("Fri Dec 12 1975 14:39")
s.scan(/(\w+) (\w+) (\d+) /)       # -> "Fri Dec 12 "
s.values_at 0, -1, 5, 2            # -> ["Fri Dec 12 ", "12", nil, "Dec"]
s.scan(/(\w+) (\w+) (\d+) /)       # -> nil
s.values_at 0, -1, 5, 2            # -> nil

Returns:

  • (Array)

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# File 'ext/strscan/strscan.c', line 1258

static VALUE
strscan_values_at(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    struct strscanner *p;
    long i;
    VALUE new_ary;

    GET_SCANNER(self, p);
    if (! MATCHED_P(p))        return Qnil;

    new_ary = rb_ary_new2(argc);
    for (i = 0; i<argc; i++) {
        rb_ary_push(new_ary, strscan_aref(self, argv[i]));
    }

    return new_ary;
}