twilio-ruby

Build Status Gem Version Learn with TwilioQuest

The default branch name for this repository has been changed to main as of 07/27/2020.

Documentation

The documentation for the Twilio API can be found here.

The Ruby library documentation can be found here and individual releases here.

Versions

twilio-ruby uses a modified version of Semantic Versioning for all changes. See this document for details.

Supported Ruby Versions

This library supports the following Ruby implementations:

  • Ruby 2.4
  • Ruby 2.5
  • Ruby 2.6
  • Ruby 2.7

Migrating from 4.x

Upgrade Guide

Installation

To install using Bundler grab the latest stable version:

gem 'twilio-ruby', '~> 5.41.0'

To manually install twilio-ruby via Rubygems simply gem install:

gem install twilio-ruby -v 5.41.0

To build and install the development branch yourself from the latest source:

git clone [email protected]:twilio/twilio-ruby.git
cd twilio-ruby
make install

Getting Started

Setup Work

require 'twilio-ruby'

# put your own credentials here
 = 'ACxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'
auth_token = 'yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy'

# set up a client to talk to the Twilio REST API
@client = Twilio::REST::Client.new , auth_token

Specify a Region and/or Edge

To take advantage of Twilio's Global Infrastructure, specify the target Region and/or Edge for the client:

# set up a client to talk to the Twilio REST API over a specific region and edge
@client = Twilio::REST::Client.new , auth_token, nil, 'au1'
@client.edge = 'sydney'

# you may also specify the region and/or edge after client creation
@client = Twilio::REST::Client.new , auth_token
@client.region = 'au1'
@client.edge = 'sydney'

This will result in the hostname transforming from api.twilio.com to api.sydney.au1.twilio.com.

Make a Call

@client.calls.create(
  from: '+14159341234',
  to: '+16105557069',
  url: 'http://example.com'
)

Send an SMS

@client.messages.create(
  from: '+14159341234',
  to: '+16105557069',
  body: 'Hey there!'
)

List your SMS Messages

@client.messages.list(limit: 20)

Fetch a single SMS message by Sid

# put the message sid you want to retrieve here:
message_sid = 'SMxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'
@client.messages(message_sid).fetch

Customizing your HTTP Client

twilio-ruby uses Faraday to make HTTP requests. You can tell Twilio::REST::Client to use any of the Faraday adapters like so:

@client.http_client.adapter = :typhoeus

To use a custom HTTP client with this helper library, please see the Twilio documentation.

Handling Errors

begin
  messages = @client.messages.list(limit: 20)
rescue Twilio::REST::RestError => e
  puts e.message
end

For more descriptive exception types, please see the Twilio documentation.

Getting Started With Client Capability Tokens

If you just need to generate a Capability Token for use with Twilio Client, you can do this:

require 'twilio-ruby'

# put your own account credentials here:
 = 'ACxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'
auth_token = 'yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy'

# set up
capability = Twilio::JWT::ClientCapability.new , auth_token

# allow outgoing calls to an application
outgoing_scope = Twilio::JWT::ClientCapability::OutgoingClientScope.new 'AP11111111111111111111111111111111'
capability.add_scope(outgoing_scope)

# allow incoming calls to 'andrew'
incoming_scope = Twilio::JWT::ClientCapability::IncomingClientScope.new 'andrew'
capability.add_scope(incoming_scope)

# generate the token string
@token = capability.to_s

There is a slightly more detailed document in the Capability section of the wiki.

Generating TwiML

To control phone calls, your application needs to output TwiML.

You can construct a TwiML response like this:

require 'twilio-ruby'

response = Twilio::TwiML::VoiceResponse.new do |r|
  r.say(message: 'hello there', voice: 'alice')
  r.dial(caller_id: '+14159992222') do |d|
    d.client 'jenny'
  end
end

# print the result
puts response.to_s

This will print the following (except for the whitespace):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<Response>
  <Say voice="alice">hello there</Say>
  <Dial callerId="+14159992222">
    <Client>jenny</Client>
  </Dial>
</Response>

Docker Image

The Dockerfile present in this repository and its respective twilio/twilio-ruby Docker image are currently used by Twilio for testing purposes only.

Getting help

If you need help installing or using the library, please check the Twilio Support Help Center first, and file a support ticket if you don't find an answer to your question.

If you've instead found a bug in the library or would like new features added, go ahead and open issues or pull requests against this repo!