Module: Marshal

Defined in:
marshal.c

Constant Summary

MAJOR_VERSION =

major version

INT2FIX(MARSHAL_MAJOR)
MINOR_VERSION =

minor version

INT2FIX(MARSHAL_MINOR)

Class Method Summary (collapse)

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Class Method Details

+ (Object) dump(obj[, anIO], limit = -1)

Serializes obj and all descendant objects. If anIO is specified, the serialized data will be written to it, otherwise the data will be returned as a String. If limit is specified, the traversal of subobjects will be limited to that depth. If limit is negative, no checking of depth will be performed.

class Klass
  def initialize(str)
    @str = str
  end
  def say_hello
    @str
  end
end

(produces no output)

o = Klass.new("hello\n")
data = Marshal.dump(o)
obj = Marshal.load(data)
obj.say_hello  #=> "hello\n"

Marshal can't dump following objects:

  • anonymous Class/Module.

  • objects which are related to system (ex: Dir, File::Stat, IO, File, Socket and so on)

  • an instance of MatchData, Data, Method, UnboundMethod, Proc, Thread, ThreadGroup, Continuation

  • objects which define singleton methods



919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
# File 'marshal.c', line 919

static VALUE
marshal_dump(int argc, VALUE *argv)
{
    VALUE obj, port, a1, a2;
    int limit = -1;
    struct dump_arg *arg;
    volatile VALUE wrapper;

    port = Qnil;
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "12", &obj, &a1, &a2);
    if (argc == 3) {
	if (!NIL_P(a2)) limit = NUM2INT(a2);
	if (NIL_P(a1)) io_needed();
	port = a1;
    }
    else if (argc == 2) {
	if (FIXNUM_P(a1)) limit = FIX2INT(a1);
	else if (NIL_P(a1)) io_needed();
	else port = a1;
    }
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper) = TypedData_Make_Struct(rb_cData, struct dump_arg, &dump_arg_data, arg);
    arg->dest = 0;
    arg->symbols = st_init_numtable();
    arg->data    = st_init_numtable();
    arg->infection = 0;
    arg->compat_tbl = st_init_numtable();
    arg->encodings = 0;
    arg->str = rb_str_buf_new(0);
    if (!NIL_P(port)) {
	if (!rb_respond_to(port, s_write)) {
	    io_needed();
	}
	arg->dest = port;
	if (rb_check_funcall(port, s_binmode, 0, 0) != Qundef) {
	    check_dump_arg(arg, s_binmode);
	}
    }
    else {
	port = arg->str;
    }

    w_byte(MARSHAL_MAJOR, arg);
    w_byte(MARSHAL_MINOR, arg);

    w_object(obj, arg, limit);
    if (arg->dest) {
	rb_io_write(arg->dest, arg->str);
	rb_str_resize(arg->str, 0);
    }
    clear_dump_arg(arg);
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper);

    return port;
}

+ (Object) load(source[, proc]) + (Object) restore(source[, proc])

Returns the result of converting the serialized data in source into a Ruby object (possibly with associated subordinate objects). source may be either an instance of IO or an object that responds to to_str. If proc is specified, each object will be passed to the proc, as the object is being deserialized.

Never pass untrusted data (including user supplied input) to this method. Please see the overview for further details.

Overloads:



1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
# File 'marshal.c', line 1926

static VALUE
marshal_load(int argc, VALUE *argv)
{
    VALUE port, proc;
    int major, minor, infection = 0;
    VALUE v;
    volatile VALUE wrapper;
    struct load_arg *arg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &port, &proc);
    v = rb_check_string_type(port);
    if (!NIL_P(v)) {
	infection = (int)FL_TEST(port, MARSHAL_INFECTION); /* original taintedness */
	port = v;
    }
    else if (rb_respond_to(port, s_getbyte) && rb_respond_to(port, s_read)) {
	rb_check_funcall(port, s_binmode, 0, 0);
	infection = (int)FL_TAINT;
    }
    else {
	io_needed();
    }
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper) = TypedData_Make_Struct(rb_cData, struct load_arg, &load_arg_data, arg);
    arg->infection = infection;
    arg->src = port;
    arg->offset = 0;
    arg->symbols = st_init_numtable();
    arg->data    = st_init_numtable();
    arg->compat_tbl = st_init_numtable();
    arg->proc = 0;
    arg->readable = 0;

    if (NIL_P(v))
	arg->buf = xmalloc(BUFSIZ);
    else
	arg->buf = 0;

    major = r_byte(arg);
    minor = r_byte(arg);
    if (major != MARSHAL_MAJOR || minor > MARSHAL_MINOR) {
	clear_load_arg(arg);
	rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "incompatible marshal file format (can't be read)\n\
\tformat version %d.%d required; %d.%d given",
		 MARSHAL_MAJOR, MARSHAL_MINOR, major, minor);
    }
    if (RTEST(ruby_verbose) && minor != MARSHAL_MINOR) {
	rb_warn("incompatible marshal file format (can be read)\n\
\tformat version %d.%d required; %d.%d given",
		MARSHAL_MAJOR, MARSHAL_MINOR, major, minor);
    }

    if (!NIL_P(proc)) arg->proc = proc;
    v = r_object(arg);
    clear_load_arg(arg);
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper);

    return v;
}

+ (Object) load(source[, proc]) + (Object) restore(source[, proc])

Returns the result of converting the serialized data in source into a Ruby object (possibly with associated subordinate objects). source may be either an instance of IO or an object that responds to to_str. If proc is specified, each object will be passed to the proc, as the object is being deserialized.

Never pass untrusted data (including user supplied input) to this method. Please see the overview for further details.

Overloads:



1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
# File 'marshal.c', line 1926

static VALUE
marshal_load(int argc, VALUE *argv)
{
    VALUE port, proc;
    int major, minor, infection = 0;
    VALUE v;
    volatile VALUE wrapper;
    struct load_arg *arg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &port, &proc);
    v = rb_check_string_type(port);
    if (!NIL_P(v)) {
	infection = (int)FL_TEST(port, MARSHAL_INFECTION); /* original taintedness */
	port = v;
    }
    else if (rb_respond_to(port, s_getbyte) && rb_respond_to(port, s_read)) {
	rb_check_funcall(port, s_binmode, 0, 0);
	infection = (int)FL_TAINT;
    }
    else {
	io_needed();
    }
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper) = TypedData_Make_Struct(rb_cData, struct load_arg, &load_arg_data, arg);
    arg->infection = infection;
    arg->src = port;
    arg->offset = 0;
    arg->symbols = st_init_numtable();
    arg->data    = st_init_numtable();
    arg->compat_tbl = st_init_numtable();
    arg->proc = 0;
    arg->readable = 0;

    if (NIL_P(v))
	arg->buf = xmalloc(BUFSIZ);
    else
	arg->buf = 0;

    major = r_byte(arg);
    minor = r_byte(arg);
    if (major != MARSHAL_MAJOR || minor > MARSHAL_MINOR) {
	clear_load_arg(arg);
	rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "incompatible marshal file format (can't be read)\n\
\tformat version %d.%d required; %d.%d given",
		 MARSHAL_MAJOR, MARSHAL_MINOR, major, minor);
    }
    if (RTEST(ruby_verbose) && minor != MARSHAL_MINOR) {
	rb_warn("incompatible marshal file format (can be read)\n\
\tformat version %d.%d required; %d.%d given",
		MARSHAL_MAJOR, MARSHAL_MINOR, major, minor);
    }

    if (!NIL_P(proc)) arg->proc = proc;
    v = r_object(arg);
    clear_load_arg(arg);
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper);

    return v;
}

Instance Method Details

- (Object) dump(obj[, anIO], limit = -1) (private)

Serializes obj and all descendant objects. If anIO is specified, the serialized data will be written to it, otherwise the data will be returned as a String. If limit is specified, the traversal of subobjects will be limited to that depth. If limit is negative, no checking of depth will be performed.

class Klass
  def initialize(str)
    @str = str
  end
  def say_hello
    @str
  end
end

(produces no output)

o = Klass.new("hello\n")
data = Marshal.dump(o)
obj = Marshal.load(data)
obj.say_hello  #=> "hello\n"

Marshal can't dump following objects:

  • anonymous Class/Module.

  • objects which are related to system (ex: Dir, File::Stat, IO, File, Socket and so on)

  • an instance of MatchData, Data, Method, UnboundMethod, Proc, Thread, ThreadGroup, Continuation

  • objects which define singleton methods



919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
# File 'marshal.c', line 919

static VALUE
marshal_dump(int argc, VALUE *argv)
{
    VALUE obj, port, a1, a2;
    int limit = -1;
    struct dump_arg *arg;
    volatile VALUE wrapper;

    port = Qnil;
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "12", &obj, &a1, &a2);
    if (argc == 3) {
	if (!NIL_P(a2)) limit = NUM2INT(a2);
	if (NIL_P(a1)) io_needed();
	port = a1;
    }
    else if (argc == 2) {
	if (FIXNUM_P(a1)) limit = FIX2INT(a1);
	else if (NIL_P(a1)) io_needed();
	else port = a1;
    }
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper) = TypedData_Make_Struct(rb_cData, struct dump_arg, &dump_arg_data, arg);
    arg->dest = 0;
    arg->symbols = st_init_numtable();
    arg->data    = st_init_numtable();
    arg->infection = 0;
    arg->compat_tbl = st_init_numtable();
    arg->encodings = 0;
    arg->str = rb_str_buf_new(0);
    if (!NIL_P(port)) {
	if (!rb_respond_to(port, s_write)) {
	    io_needed();
	}
	arg->dest = port;
	if (rb_check_funcall(port, s_binmode, 0, 0) != Qundef) {
	    check_dump_arg(arg, s_binmode);
	}
    }
    else {
	port = arg->str;
    }

    w_byte(MARSHAL_MAJOR, arg);
    w_byte(MARSHAL_MINOR, arg);

    w_object(obj, arg, limit);
    if (arg->dest) {
	rb_io_write(arg->dest, arg->str);
	rb_str_resize(arg->str, 0);
    }
    clear_dump_arg(arg);
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper);

    return port;
}

- (Object) load(source[, proc]) (private) - (Object) restore(source[, proc]) (private)

Returns the result of converting the serialized data in source into a Ruby object (possibly with associated subordinate objects). source may be either an instance of IO or an object that responds to to_str. If proc is specified, each object will be passed to the proc, as the object is being deserialized.

Never pass untrusted data (including user supplied input) to this method. Please see the overview for further details.

Returns:



1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
# File 'marshal.c', line 1926

static VALUE
marshal_load(int argc, VALUE *argv)
{
    VALUE port, proc;
    int major, minor, infection = 0;
    VALUE v;
    volatile VALUE wrapper;
    struct load_arg *arg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &port, &proc);
    v = rb_check_string_type(port);
    if (!NIL_P(v)) {
	infection = (int)FL_TEST(port, MARSHAL_INFECTION); /* original taintedness */
	port = v;
    }
    else if (rb_respond_to(port, s_getbyte) && rb_respond_to(port, s_read)) {
	rb_check_funcall(port, s_binmode, 0, 0);
	infection = (int)FL_TAINT;
    }
    else {
	io_needed();
    }
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper) = TypedData_Make_Struct(rb_cData, struct load_arg, &load_arg_data, arg);
    arg->infection = infection;
    arg->src = port;
    arg->offset = 0;
    arg->symbols = st_init_numtable();
    arg->data    = st_init_numtable();
    arg->compat_tbl = st_init_numtable();
    arg->proc = 0;
    arg->readable = 0;

    if (NIL_P(v))
	arg->buf = xmalloc(BUFSIZ);
    else
	arg->buf = 0;

    major = r_byte(arg);
    minor = r_byte(arg);
    if (major != MARSHAL_MAJOR || minor > MARSHAL_MINOR) {
	clear_load_arg(arg);
	rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "incompatible marshal file format (can't be read)\n\
\tformat version %d.%d required; %d.%d given",
		 MARSHAL_MAJOR, MARSHAL_MINOR, major, minor);
    }
    if (RTEST(ruby_verbose) && minor != MARSHAL_MINOR) {
	rb_warn("incompatible marshal file format (can be read)\n\
\tformat version %d.%d required; %d.%d given",
		MARSHAL_MAJOR, MARSHAL_MINOR, major, minor);
    }

    if (!NIL_P(proc)) arg->proc = proc;
    v = r_object(arg);
    clear_load_arg(arg);
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper);

    return v;
}

- (Object) load(source[, proc]) (private) - (Object) restore(source[, proc]) (private)

Returns the result of converting the serialized data in source into a Ruby object (possibly with associated subordinate objects). source may be either an instance of IO or an object that responds to to_str. If proc is specified, each object will be passed to the proc, as the object is being deserialized.

Never pass untrusted data (including user supplied input) to this method. Please see the overview for further details.

Returns:



1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
# File 'marshal.c', line 1926

static VALUE
marshal_load(int argc, VALUE *argv)
{
    VALUE port, proc;
    int major, minor, infection = 0;
    VALUE v;
    volatile VALUE wrapper;
    struct load_arg *arg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &port, &proc);
    v = rb_check_string_type(port);
    if (!NIL_P(v)) {
	infection = (int)FL_TEST(port, MARSHAL_INFECTION); /* original taintedness */
	port = v;
    }
    else if (rb_respond_to(port, s_getbyte) && rb_respond_to(port, s_read)) {
	rb_check_funcall(port, s_binmode, 0, 0);
	infection = (int)FL_TAINT;
    }
    else {
	io_needed();
    }
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper) = TypedData_Make_Struct(rb_cData, struct load_arg, &load_arg_data, arg);
    arg->infection = infection;
    arg->src = port;
    arg->offset = 0;
    arg->symbols = st_init_numtable();
    arg->data    = st_init_numtable();
    arg->compat_tbl = st_init_numtable();
    arg->proc = 0;
    arg->readable = 0;

    if (NIL_P(v))
	arg->buf = xmalloc(BUFSIZ);
    else
	arg->buf = 0;

    major = r_byte(arg);
    minor = r_byte(arg);
    if (major != MARSHAL_MAJOR || minor > MARSHAL_MINOR) {
	clear_load_arg(arg);
	rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "incompatible marshal file format (can't be read)\n\
\tformat version %d.%d required; %d.%d given",
		 MARSHAL_MAJOR, MARSHAL_MINOR, major, minor);
    }
    if (RTEST(ruby_verbose) && minor != MARSHAL_MINOR) {
	rb_warn("incompatible marshal file format (can be read)\n\
\tformat version %d.%d required; %d.%d given",
		MARSHAL_MAJOR, MARSHAL_MINOR, major, minor);
    }

    if (!NIL_P(proc)) arg->proc = proc;
    v = r_object(arg);
    clear_load_arg(arg);
    RB_GC_GUARD(wrapper);

    return v;
}