Class: Elasticsearch::Transport::Client

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
MetaHeader
Defined in:
lib/elasticsearch/transport/client.rb

Overview

Handles communication with an Elasticsearch cluster.

See README for usage and code examples.

Constant Summary collapse

DEFAULT_TRANSPORT_CLASS =
Transport::HTTP::Faraday
DEFAULT_LOGGER =
lambda do
  require 'logger'
  logger = Logger.new(STDERR)
  logger.progname = 'elasticsearch'
  logger.formatter = proc { |severity, datetime, progname, msg| "#{datetime}: #{msg}\n" }
  logger
end
DEFAULT_TRACER =
lambda do
  require 'logger'
  logger = Logger.new(STDERR)
  logger.progname = 'elasticsearch.tracer'
  logger.formatter = proc { |severity, datetime, progname, msg| "#{msg}\n" }
  logger
end
DEFAULT_HOST =

The default host and port to use if not otherwise specified.

Since:

  • 7.0.0

'localhost:9200'.freeze
DEFAULT_CLOUD_PORT =

The default port to use if connecting using a Cloud ID. Updated from 9243 to 443 in client version 7.10.1

Since:

  • 7.2.0

443
DEFAULT_PORT =

The default port to use if not otherwise specified.

Since:

  • 7.2.0

9200

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from MetaHeader

#called_from?, #client_meta_version, #elasticsearch?, #enterprise_search?, #meta_header_adapter, #meta_header_engine, #meta_header_service_version, #set_meta_header

Constructor Details

#initialize(arguments = {}) {|faraday| ... } ⇒ Client

Create a client connected to an Elasticsearch cluster.

Specify the URL via arguments or set the `ELASTICSEARCH_URL` environment variable.

Parameters:

  • arguments (Hash) (defaults to: {})

    a customizable set of options

  • api_key (Hash)

    a customizable set of options

  • opaque_id_prefix (Hash)

    a customizable set of options

  • enable_meta_header (Hash)

    a customizable set of options

  • ca_fingerprint (Hash)

    a customizable set of options

Options Hash (arguments):

  • :hosts (String, Array)

    Single host passed as a String or Hash, or multiple hosts passed as an Array; `host` or `url` keys are also valid

  • :log (Boolean)

    Use the default logger (disabled by default)

  • :trace (Boolean)

    Use the default tracer (disabled by default)

  • :logger (Object)

    An instance of a Logger-compatible object

  • :tracer (Object)

    An instance of a Logger-compatible object

  • :resurrect_after (Number)

    After how many seconds a dead connection should be tried again

  • :reload_connections (Boolean, Number)

    Reload connections after X requests (false by default)

  • :randomize_hosts (Boolean)

    Shuffle connections on initialization and reload (false by default)

  • :sniffer_timeout (Integer)

    Timeout for reloading connections in seconds (1 by default)

  • :retry_on_failure (Boolean, Number)

    Retry X times when request fails before raising and exception (false by default)

  • :delay_on_retry (Number)

    Delay in milliseconds between each retry (0 by default)

  • Array (Number)

    :retry_on_status Retry when specific status codes are returned

  • :reload_on_failure (Boolean)

    Reload connections after failure (false by default)

  • :request_timeout (Integer)

    The request timeout to be passed to transport in options

  • :adapter (Symbol)

    A specific adapter for Faraday (e.g. `:patron`)

  • :transport_options (Hash)

    Options to be passed to the `Faraday::Connection` constructor

  • :transport_class (Constant)

    A specific transport class to use, will be initialized by the client and passed hosts and all arguments

  • :transport (Object)

    A specific transport instance

  • :serializer_class (Constant)

    A specific serializer class to use, will be initialized by the transport and passed the transport instance

  • :selector (Constant)

    An instance of selector strategy implemented with Transport::Connections::Selector::Base.

  • :send_get_body_as (String)

    Specify the HTTP method to use for GET requests with a body. (Default: GET)

  • :compression (true, false)

    Whether to compress requests. Gzip compression will be used. The default is false. Responses will automatically be inflated if they are compressed. If a custom transport object is used, it must handle the request compression and response inflation.

Yields:

  • (faraday)

    Access and configure the `Faraday::Connection` instance directly with a block


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# File 'lib/elasticsearch/transport/client.rb', line 135

def initialize(arguments={}, &block)
  @options = arguments.each_with_object({}){ |(k,v), args| args[k.to_sym] = v }
  @arguments = @options
  @arguments[:logger] ||= @arguments[:log]   ? DEFAULT_LOGGER.call() : nil
  @arguments[:tracer] ||= @arguments[:trace] ? DEFAULT_TRACER.call() : nil
  @arguments[:reload_connections] ||= false
  @arguments[:retry_on_failure]   ||= false
  @arguments[:delay_on_retry]     ||= 0
  @arguments[:reload_on_failure]  ||= false
  @arguments[:randomize_hosts]    ||= false
  @arguments[:transport_options]  ||= {}
  @arguments[:http]               ||= {}
  @arguments[:enable_meta_header] = arguments.fetch(:enable_meta_header) { true }
  @options[:http]                 ||= {}

  set_api_key if (@api_key = @arguments[:api_key])
  set_compatibility_header if ENV['ELASTIC_CLIENT_APIVERSIONING']

  @seeds = extract_cloud_creds(@arguments)
  @seeds ||= __extract_hosts(@arguments[:hosts] ||
                             @arguments[:host] ||
                             @arguments[:url] ||
                             @arguments[:urls] ||
                             ENV['ELASTICSEARCH_URL'] ||
                             DEFAULT_HOST)

  @send_get_body_as = @arguments[:send_get_body_as] || 'GET'
  @opaque_id_prefix = @arguments[:opaque_id_prefix] || nil
  @ca_fingerprint = @arguments.delete(:ca_fingerprint)

  if @arguments[:request_timeout]
    @arguments[:transport_options][:request] = { timeout: @arguments[:request_timeout] }
  end

  if @arguments[:transport]
    @transport = @arguments[:transport]
  else
    @transport_class = @arguments[:transport_class] || DEFAULT_TRANSPORT_CLASS
    @transport = if @transport_class == Transport::HTTP::Faraday
                   @arguments[:adapter] ||= __auto_detect_adapter
                   set_meta_header # from include MetaHeader
                   @transport_class.new(hosts: @seeds, options: @arguments) do |faraday|
                     faraday.adapter(@arguments[:adapter])
                     block&.call faraday
                   end
                 else
                   set_meta_header # from include MetaHeader
                   @transport_class.new(hosts: @seeds, options: @arguments)
                 end
  end
end

Instance Attribute Details

#transportObject

Returns the transport object.


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# File 'lib/elasticsearch/transport/client.rb', line 68

def transport
  @transport
end

Instance Method Details

#perform_request(method, path, params = {}, body = nil, headers = nil) ⇒ Object

Performs a request through delegation to #transport.


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# File 'lib/elasticsearch/transport/client.rb', line 189

def perform_request(method, path, params = {}, body = nil, headers = nil)
  method = @send_get_body_as if 'GET' == method && body
  if (opaque_id = params.delete(:opaque_id))
    headers = {} if headers.nil?
    opaque_id = @opaque_id_prefix ? "#{@opaque_id_prefix}#{opaque_id}" : opaque_id
    headers.merge!('X-Opaque-Id' => opaque_id)
  end
  validate_ca_fingerprints if @ca_fingerprint
  transport.perform_request(method, path, params, body, headers)
end