Module: RSpec::Core::Hooks

Includes:
MetadataHashBuilder::WithConfigWarning
Included in:
Configuration, ExampleGroup, SharedContext, World
Defined in:
lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: AfterHook, AfterHooks, AroundHook, AroundHooks, BeforeHook, BeforeHooks, Hook, HookCollection

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from MetadataHashBuilder::Common

#build_metadata_hash_from

Instance Method Details

#after(&block) ⇒ Object #after(scope, &block) ⇒ Object #after(scope, conditions, &block) ⇒ Object #after(conditions, &block) ⇒ Object

Declare a block of code to be run after each example (using `:each`) or once after all examples (using `:all`). See [#before](Hooks#before-instance_method) for more information about ordering.

### Exceptions

`after` hooks are guaranteed to run even when there are exceptions in `before` hooks or examples. When an exception is raised in an after block, the exception is captured for later reporting, and subsequent `after` blocks are run.

### Order

`after` hooks are stored in three scopes, which are run in order: `:each`, `:all`, and `:suite`. They can also be declared in several different places: `RSpec.configure`, a parent group, the current group. They are run in the following order:

after(:each) # declared in the current group
after(:each) # declared in a parent group
after(:each) # declared in RSpec.configure
after(:all)  # declared in the current group
after(:all)  # declared in a parent group
after(:all)  # declared in RSpec.configure

This is the reverse of the order in which `before` hooks are run. Similarly, if more than one `after` is declared within any one scope, they are run in reverse order of that in which they are declared.

Parameters:

  • scope (Symbol)

    `:each`, `:all`, or `:suite` (defaults to `:each`)

  • conditions (Hash)

    constrains this hook to examples matching these conditions e.g. `after(:each, :ui => true) { … }` will only run with examples or groups declared with `:ui => true`.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb', line 310

def after(*args, &block)
  scope, options = scope_and_options_from(*args)
  hooks[:after][scope] << AfterHook.new(options, &block)
end

#around(&block) ⇒ Object #around(scope, &block) ⇒ Object #around(scope, conditions, &block) ⇒ Object #around(conditions, &block) ⇒ Object

Note:

the syntax of `around` is similar to that of `before` and `after` but the semantics are quite different. `before` and `after` hooks are run in the context of of the examples with which they are associated, whereas `around` hooks are actually responsible for running the examples. Consequently, `around` hooks do not have direct access to resources that are made available within the examples and their associated `before` and `after` hooks.

Note:

`:each` is the only supported scope.

Declare a block of code, parts of which will be run before and parts after the example. It is your responsibility to run the example:

around(:each) do |ex|
  # do some stuff before
  ex.run
  # do some stuff after
end

The yielded example aliases `run` with `call`, which lets you treat it like a `Proc`. This is especially handy when working with libaries that manage their own setup and teardown using a block or proc syntax, e.g.

around(:each) {|ex| Database.transaction(&ex)}
around(:each) {|ex| FakeFS(&ex)}

Parameters:

  • scope (Symbol)

    `:each` (defaults to `:each`) present for syntax parity with `before` and `after`, but `:each` is the only supported value.

  • conditions (Hash)

    constrains this hook to examples matching these conditions e.g. `around(:each, :ui => true) { … }` will only run with examples or groups declared with `:ui => true`.

Yields:


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# File 'lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb', line 359

def around(*args, &block)
  scope, options = scope_and_options_from(*args)
  hooks[:around][scope] << AroundHook.new(options, &block)
end

#before(&block) ⇒ Object #before(scope, &block) ⇒ Object #before(scope, conditions, &block) ⇒ Object #before(conditions, &block) ⇒ Object

Declare a block of code to be run before each example (using `:each`) or once before any example (using `:all`). These are usually declared directly in the [ExampleGroup](ExampleGroup) to which they apply, but they can also be shared across multiple groups.

You can also use `before(:suite)` to run a block of code before any example groups are run. This should be declared in [RSpec.configure](../../RSpec#configure-class_method)

Instance variables declared in `before(:each)` or `before(:all)` are accessible within each example.

### Order

`before` hooks are stored in three scopes, which are run in order: `:suite`, `:all`, and `:each`. They can also be declared in several different places: `RSpec.configure`, a parent group, the current group. They are run in the following order:

before(:suite) # declared in RSpec.configure
before(:all)   # declared in RSpec.configure
before(:all)   # declared in a parent group
before(:all)   # declared in the current group
before(:each)  # declared in RSpec.configure
before(:each)  # declared in a parent group
before(:each)  # declared in the current group

If more than one `before` is declared within any one scope, they are run in the order in which they are declared.

### Conditions

When you add a conditions hash to `before(:each)` or `before(:all)`, RSpec will only apply that hook to groups or examples that match the conditions. e.g.

RSpec.configure do |config|
  config.before(:each, :authorized => true) do
     :authorized_user
  end
end

describe Something, :authorized => true do
  # the before hook will run in before each example in this group
end

describe SomethingElse do
  it "does something", :authorized => true do
    # the before hook will run before this example
  end

  it "does something else" do
    # the hook will not run before this example
  end
end

### Warning: `before(:suite, :with => :conditions)`

The conditions hash is used to match against specific examples. Since `before(:suite)` is not run in relation to any specific example or group, conditions passed along with `:suite` are effectively ignored.

### Exceptions

When an exception is raised in a `before` block, RSpec skips any subsequent `before` blocks and the example, but runs all of the `after(:each)` and `after(:all)` hooks.

### Warning: implicit before blocks

`before` hooks can also be declared in shared contexts which get included implicitly either by you or by extension libraries. Since RSpec runs these in the order in which they are declared within each scope, load order matters, and can lead to confusing results when one before block depends on state that is prepared in another before block that gets run later.

### Warning: `before(:all)`

It is very tempting to use `before(:all)` to speed things up, but we recommend that you avoid this as there are a number of gotchas, as well as things that simply don't work.

#### context

`before(:all)` is run in an example that is generated to provide group context for the block.

#### instance variables

Instance variables declared in `before(:all)` are shared across all the examples in the group. This means that each example can change the state of a shared object, resulting in an ordering dependency that can make it difficult to reason about failures.

### other frameworks

Mock object frameworks and database transaction managers (like ActiveRecord) are typically designed around the idea of setting up before an example, running that one example, and then tearing down. This means that mocks and stubs can (sometimes) be declared in `before(:all)`, but get torn down before the first real example is ever run.

You can create database-backed model objects in a `before(:all)` in rspec-rails, but it will not be wrapped in a transaction for you, so you are on your own to clean up in an `after(:all)` block.

Examples:

before(:each) declared in an [ExampleGroup](ExampleGroup)


describe Thing do
  before(:each) do
    @thing = Thing.new
  end

  it "does something" do
    # here you can access @thing
  end
end

before(:all) declared in an [ExampleGroup](ExampleGroup)


describe Parser do
  before(:all) do
    File.open(file_to_parse, 'w') do |f|
      f.write <<-CONTENT
        stuff in the file
      CONTENT
    end
  end

  it "parses the file" do
    Parser.parse(file_to_parse)
  end

  after(:all) do
    File.delete(file_to_parse)
  end
end

Parameters:

  • scope (Symbol)

    `:each`, `:all`, or `:suite` (defaults to `:each`)

  • conditions (Hash)

    constrains this hook to examples matching these conditions e.g. `before(:each, :ui => true) { … }` will only run with examples or groups declared with `:ui => true`.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb', line 257

def before(*args, &block)
  scope, options = scope_and_options_from(*args)
  hooks[:before][scope] << BeforeHook.new(options, &block)
end

#find_hook(hook, scope, example_group_class, example = nil) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb', line 384

def find_hook(hook, scope, example_group_class, example = nil)
  found_hooks = hooks[hook][scope].find_hooks_for(example || example_group_class)

  # ensure we don't re-run :all hooks that were applied to any of the parent groups
  if scope == :all
    super_klass = example_group_class.superclass
    while super_klass != RSpec::Core::ExampleGroup
      found_hooks = found_hooks.without_hooks_for(super_klass)
      super_klass = super_klass.superclass
    end
  end

  found_hooks
end

#hooksObject


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# File 'lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb', line 91

def hooks
  @hooks ||= {
    :around => { :each => AroundHooks.new },
    :before => { :each => BeforeHooks.new, :all => BeforeHooks.new, :suite => BeforeHooks.new },
    :after => { :each => AfterHooks.new, :all => AfterHooks.new, :suite => AfterHooks.new }
  }
end

#run_hook(hook, scope, example_group_instance = nil) ⇒ Object

Runs all of the blocks stored with the hook in the context of the example. If no example is provided, just calls the hook directly.


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# File 'lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb', line 367

def run_hook(hook, scope, example_group_instance=nil)
  hooks[hook][scope].run_all(example_group_instance)
end

#run_hook!(hook, scope, example_group_instance) ⇒ Object

Just like run_hook, except it removes the blocks as it evalutes them, ensuring that they will only be run once.


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# File 'lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb', line 374

def run_hook!(hook, scope, example_group_instance)
  hooks[hook][scope].run_all!(example_group_instance)
end

#run_hook_filtered(hook, scope, group, example_group_instance, example = nil) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rspec/core/hooks.rb', line 379

def run_hook_filtered(hook, scope, group, example_group_instance, example = nil)
  find_hook(hook, scope, group, example).run_all(example_group_instance)
end