Module: PageObject::Accessors

Defined in:
lib/page-object/accessors.rb

Overview

Contains the class level methods that are inserted into your page objects when you include the PageObject module. These methods will generate another set of methods that provide access to the elements on the web pages.

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#area(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to click the area, another to return the area element, and another to check the area's existence.

Examples:

area(:message, :id => 'message')
# will generate 'message', 'message_element', and 'message?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an area.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


869
870
871
872
873
874
875
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 869

def area(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'area_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.click_area_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").click
  end
end

#audio(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to return the audio element and another to check the audio's existence.

Examples:

audio(:acdc, :id => 'audio_id')
# will generate 'acdc_element' and 'acdc?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an audio element.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


905
906
907
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 905

def audio(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'audio_for', &block)
end

#b(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a b element, another to retrieve a b element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

b(:bold, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'bold', 'bold_element', and 'bold?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a b.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


937
938
939
940
941
942
943
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 937

def b(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier,'b_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.b_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#button(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to click a button, another to return the button element, and another to check the button's existence.

Examples:

button(:purchase, :id => 'purchase')
# will generate 'purchase', 'purchase_element', and 'purchase?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a button.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


458
459
460
461
462
463
464
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 458

def button(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'button_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.click_button_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").click
  end
end

#canvas(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to return the canvas element and another to check the canvas's existence.

Examples:

canvas(:my_canvas, :id => 'canvas_id')
# will generate 'my_canvas_element' and 'my_canvas?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a canvas.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


889
890
891
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 889

def canvas(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'canvas_for', &block)
end

#cell(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: td

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a table cell, another to return the table cell element, and another to check the cell's existence.

Examples:

cell(:total, :id => 'total_cell')
# will generate 'total', 'total_element', and 'total?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a cell.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


540
541
542
543
544
545
546
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 540

def cell(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'cell_for', &block)
  define_method("#{name}") do
    return platform.cell_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#checkbox(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds five methods - one to check, another to uncheck, another to return the state of a checkbox, another to return a PageObject::Elements::CheckBox object representing the checkbox, and a final method to check the checkbox's existence.

Examples:

checkbox(:active, :name => "is_active")
# will generate 'check_active', 'uncheck_active', 'active_checked?',
# 'active_element', and 'active?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a checkbox.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 352

def checkbox(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'checkbox_for', &block)
  define_method("check_#{name}") do
    return platform.check_checkbox(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").check
  end
  define_method("uncheck_#{name}") do
    return platform.uncheck_checkbox(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").uncheck
  end
  define_method("#{name}_checked?") do
    return platform.checkbox_checked?(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").checked?
  end
end

#date_field(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds four methods to the page object - one to set value in a date field, another to retrieve value from a date field, another to return the date field element, another to check the date field's existence.

Examples:

date_field(:date_of_birth, :id => "date_of_birth")
# will generate 'date_of_birth', 'date_of_birth=', 'date_of_birth_element',
# 'date_of_birth?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a date field.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 222

def date_field(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'date_field_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.date_field_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.date_field_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value = value
  end
end

#div(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a div, another to return the div element, and another to check the div's existence.

Examples:

div(:message, :id => 'message')
# will generate 'message', 'message_element', and 'message?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a div.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


478
479
480
481
482
483
484
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 478

def div(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'div_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.div_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#element(name, tag = :element, identifier = { :index => 0 }, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of an element, another to retrieve an element, and another to check the element's existence.

Examples:

element(:title, :header, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • the (Symbol)

    name of the tag for the element

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: { :index => 0 })

    how we find an element.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 996

def element(name, tag=:element, identifier={ :index => 0 }, &block)
  #
  # sets tag as element if not defined
  #
  if tag.is_a?(Hash)
    identifier = tag
    tag        = :element
  end

  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'element_for', &block)

  define_method("#{name}") do
    element = self.send("#{name}_element")

    %w(Button TextField Radio Hidden CheckBox FileField).each do |klass|
      next unless element.element.class.to_s  == "Watir::#{klass}"
      self.class.send(klass.gsub(/(.)([A-Z])/,'\1_\2').downcase, name, identifier, &block)
      return self.send name
    end
    element.text
  end
  define_method("#{name}_element") do
    return call_block(&block) if block_given?
    platform.element_for(tag, identifier.clone)
  end
  define_method("#{name}?") do
    self.send("#{name}_element").exists?
  end
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    element = self.send("#{name}_element")

    klass = case element.element
            when Watir::TextField
              'text_field'
            when Watir::TextArea
              'text_area'
            when Watir::Select
              'select_list'
            when Watir::FileField
              'file_field'
            else
              raise "Can not set a #{element.element} element with #="
            end
    self.class.send(klass, name, identifier, &block)
    self.send("#{name}=", value)
  end
end

#elements(name, tag = :element, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds a method to return a collection of generic Element objects for a specific tag.

Examples:

elements(:title, :header, :id => 'title')
# will generate ''title_elements'

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • the (Symbol)

    name of the tag for the element

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an element.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1057

def elements(name, tag=:element, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  #
  # sets tag as element if not defined
  #
  if tag.is_a?(Hash)
    identifier = tag
    tag        = :element
  end

  define_method("#{name}_elements") do
    return call_block(&block) if block_given?
    platform.elements_for(tag, identifier.clone)
  end
end

#expected_element(element_name, timeout = ::PageObject.default_element_wait) ⇒ boolean

Creates a method that provides a way to initialize a page based upon an expected element. This is useful for pages that load dynamic content.

Examples:

Specify a text box named :address expected on the page within 10 seconds

expected_element(:address, 10)
page.has_expected_element?

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name given to the element in the declaration

  • timeout (optional, Integer) (defaults to: ::PageObject.default_element_wait)

    default value is 5 seconds

Returns:

  • (boolean)

109
110
111
112
113
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 109

def expected_element(element_name, timeout=::PageObject.default_element_wait)
  define_method("has_expected_element?") do
    self.respond_to? "#{element_name}_element" and self.send("#{element_name}_element").when_present timeout
  end
end

#expected_element_visible(element_name, timeout = ::PageObject.default_element_wait, check_visible = false) ⇒ boolean

Creates a method that provides a way to initialize a page based upon an expected element to become visible. This is useful for pages that load dynamic content and might have hidden elements that are not shown.

Examples:

Specify a text box named :address expected on the page within 10 seconds

expected_element_visible(:address, 10)
page.has_expected_element_visible?

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name given to the element in the declaration

  • timeout (optional, Integer) (defaults to: ::PageObject.default_element_wait)

    default value is 5 seconds

  • also (optional, boolean)

    check that element to be visible if set to true

Returns:

  • (boolean)

127
128
129
130
131
132
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 127

def expected_element_visible(element_name, timeout=::PageObject.default_element_wait, check_visible=false)
  define_method("has_expected_element_visible?") do
    self.respond_to? "#{element_name}_element" and self.send("#{element_name}_element").when_present timeout
    self.respond_to? "#{element_name}_element" and self.send("#{element_name}_element").when_visible timeout
  end
end

#expected_title(expected_title) ⇒ boolean

Creates a method that compares the expected_title of a page against the actual.

Examples:

Specify 'Google' as the expected title of a page

expected_title "Google"
page.has_expected_title?

Parameters:

  • expected_title (String)

    the literal expected title for the page

  • expected_title (Regexp)

    the expected title pattern for the page

Returns:

  • (boolean)

Raises:

  • An exception if expected_title does not match actual title


89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 89

def expected_title(expected_title)
  define_method("has_expected_title?") do
    page_title = title
    has_expected_title = (expected_title === page_title)
    raise "Expected title '#{expected_title}' instead of '#{page_title}'" unless has_expected_title
    has_expected_title
  end
end

#file_field(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to set the file for a file field, another to retrieve the file field element, and another to check it's existence.

Examples:

file_field(:the_file, :id => 'file_to_upload')
# will generate 'the_file=', 'the_file_element', and 'the_file?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a file_field.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


829
830
831
832
833
834
835
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 829

def file_field(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'file_field_for', &block)
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.file_field_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value = value
  end
end

#form(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to retrieve the form element, and another to check the form's existence.

Examples:

form(:login, :id => 'login')
# will generate 'login_element' and 'login?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a form.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


605
606
607
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 605

def form(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'form_for', &block)
end

#h1(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h1 element, another to retrieve a h1 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h1(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H1. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


688
689
690
691
692
693
694
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 688

def h1(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier,'h1_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h1_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h2(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h2 element, another to retrieve a h2 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h2(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H2.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


708
709
710
711
712
713
714
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 708

def h2(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h2_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h2_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h3(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h3 element, another to return a h3 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h3(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H3.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


728
729
730
731
732
733
734
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 728

def h3(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h3_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h3_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h4(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h4 element, another to return a h4 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h4(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H4.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


748
749
750
751
752
753
754
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 748

def h4(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h4_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h4_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h5(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h5 element, another to return a h5 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h5(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H5.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


768
769
770
771
772
773
774
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 768

def h5(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h5_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h5_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h6(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h6 element, another to return a h6 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h6(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H6.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


788
789
790
791
792
793
794
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 788

def h6(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h6_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h6_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#hidden_field(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: hidden

adds three methods to the page object - one to get the text from a hidden field, another to retrieve the hidden field element, and another to check the hidden field's existence.

Examples:

hidden_field(:user_id, :id => "user_identity")
# will generate 'user_id', 'user_id_element' and 'user_id?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a hidden field.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


247
248
249
250
251
252
253
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 247

def hidden_field(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'hidden_field_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.hidden_field_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
end

#i(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: icon

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a i element, another to retrieve a i element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

i(:italic, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'italic', 'italic_element', and 'italic?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a i.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


957
958
959
960
961
962
963
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 957

def i(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier,'i_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.i_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#image(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: img

adds three methods - one to retrieve the image element, another to check the load status of the image, and another to check the image's existence.

Examples:

image(:logo, :id => 'logo')
# will generate 'logo_element', 'logo_loaded?', and 'logo?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an image.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


584
585
586
587
588
589
590
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 584

def image(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'image_for', &block)
  define_method("#{name}_loaded?") do
    return platform.image_loaded_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").loaded?
  end
end

#in_frame(identifier, frame = nil, &block) ⇒ Object

Identify an element as existing within a frame . A frame parameter is passed to the block and must be passed to the other calls to PageObject. You can nest calls to in_frame by passing the frame to the next level.

Examples:

in_frame(:id => 'frame_id') do |frame|
  text_field(:first_name, :id => 'fname', :frame => frame)
end

Parameters:

  • identifier (Hash)

    how we find the frame. The valid keys are:

    • :id

    • :index

    • :name

    • :regexp

  • frame (defaults to: nil)

    passed from a previous call to in_frame. Used to nest calls

  • block

    that contains the calls to elements that exist inside the frame.


152
153
154
155
156
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 152

def in_frame(identifier, frame=nil, &block)
  frame = frame.nil? ? [] : frame.dup
  frame << {frame: identifier}
  block.call(frame)
end

#in_iframe(identifier, frame = nil, &block) ⇒ Object

Identify an element as existing within an iframe. A frame parameter is passed to the block and must be passed to the other calls to PageObject. You can nest calls to in_frame by passing the frame to the next level.

Examples:

in_iframe(:id => 'frame_id') do |frame|
  text_field(:first_name, :id => 'fname', :frame => frame)
end

Parameters:

  • identifier (Hash)

    how we find the frame. The valid keys are:

    • :id

    • :index

    • :name

    • :regexp

  • frame (defaults to: nil)

    passed from a previous call to in_iframe. Used to nest calls

  • block

    that contains the calls to elements that exist inside the iframe.


176
177
178
179
180
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 176

def in_iframe(identifier, frame=nil, &block)
  frame = frame.nil? ? [] : frame.dup
  frame << {iframe: identifier}
  block.call(frame)
end

#indexed_property(name, identifier_list) ⇒ Object

adds a method that will return an indexed property. The property will respond to the [] method with an object that has a set of normal page_object properties that correspond to the definitions included in the identifier_list parameter, with the “what” of the “how and what” substituted based on the index provided to the [] method.

Examples:

indexed_property(:title, [
  [:text_field,  :field_1,   :id => 'table[%s].field_1'],
  [:button,      :button_1,  :id => 'table[%s].button_1'],
  [:text_field,  :field_2,   :name => 'table[%s].field_2']
])
# will generate a title method that responds to [].  title['foo'] will return an object
# that responds to the normal methods expected for two text_fields and a button with the
# given names, using the given how and what with 'foo' substituted for the %s.  title[123]
# will do the same, using the integer 123 instead.

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated method

  • definitions (Array)

    an array of definitions to define on the indexed property. Each entry in the array should contain two symbols and a hash, corresponding to one of the standard page_object properties with a single substitution marker in each value in the hash, e.g. [:text_field, :field_1, :id => 'table.field_1']


1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1167

def indexed_property (name, identifier_list)
  define_method("#{name}") do
    IndexedProperties::TableOfElements.new(@browser, identifier_list)
  end
end

#label(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a label, another to return the label element, and another to check the label's existence.

Examples:

label(:message, :id => 'message')
# will generate 'message', 'message_element', and 'message?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a label.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


849
850
851
852
853
854
855
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 849

def label(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'label_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.label_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

adds three methods - one to select a link, another to return a PageObject::Elements::Link object representing the link, and another that checks the link's existence.

Examples:

link(:add_to_cart, :text => "Add to Cart")
# will generate 'add_to_cart', 'add_to_cart_element', and 'add_to_cart?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a link.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


328
329
330
331
332
333
334
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 328

def link(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'link_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.click_link_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").click
  end
end

#list_item(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: li

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a list item, another to return the list item element, and another to check the list item's existence.

Examples:

list_item(:item_one, :id => 'one')
# will generate 'item_one', 'item_one_element', and 'item_one?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a list item.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


622
623
624
625
626
627
628
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 622

def list_item(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'list_item_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.list_item_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#ordered_list(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: ol

adds three methods - one to return the text within the ordered list, one to retrieve the ordered list element, and another to test it's existence.

Examples:

ordered_list(:top_five, :id => 'top')
# will generate 'top_five', 'top_five_element' and 'top_five?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an ordered list.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


666
667
668
669
670
671
672
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 666

def ordered_list(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'ordered_list_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.ordered_list_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#page_section(name, section_class, identifier) ⇒ Object

adds a method to return a page object rooted at an element

Examples:

page_section(:navigation_bar, NavigationBar, :id => 'nav-bar')
# will generate 'navigation_bar'

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • the (Class)

    class to instantiate for the element

  • identifier (Hash)

    how we find an element.


1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1083

def page_section(name, section_class, identifier)
  define_method(name) do
    platform.page_for(identifier, section_class)
  end
end

#page_sections(name, section_class, identifier) ⇒ Object

adds a method to return a collection of page objects rooted at elements

Examples:

page_sections(:articles, Article, :class => 'article')
# will generate 'articles'

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated method

  • the (Class)

    class to instantiate for each element

  • identifier (Hash)

    how we find an element.


1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1100

def page_sections(name, section_class, identifier)
  define_method(name) do
    platform.pages_for(identifier, section_class)
  end
end

#page_url(url) ⇒ Object Also known as: direct_url

Specify the url for the page. A call to this method will generate a 'goto' method to take you to the page.

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    url for the page.

  • a (Symbol)

    method name to call to get the url


37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 37

def page_url(url)
  define_method("goto") do
    platform.navigate_to self.page_url_value
  end

  define_method('page_url_value') do
    lookup = url.kind_of?(Symbol) ? self.send(url) : url
    erb = ERB.new(%Q{#{lookup}})
    merged_params = self.class.instance_variable_get("@merged_params")
    params = merged_params ? merged_params : self.class.params
    erb.result(binding)
  end
end

#paragraph(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: p

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a paragraph, another to retrieve a paragraph element, and another to check the paragraph's existence.

Examples:

paragraph(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a paragraph.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


808
809
810
811
812
813
814
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 808

def paragraph(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'paragraph_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.paragraph_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#paramsObject

Return the params that exist on this page class


26
27
28
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 26

def params
  @params ||= {}
end

#params=(the_params) ⇒ Object

Set some values that can be used within the class. This is typically used to provide values that help build dynamic urls in the page_url method

Parameters:

  • the (Hash)

    value to set the params


19
20
21
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 19

def params=(the_params)
  @params = the_params
end

#radio_button(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: radio

adds four methods - one to select, another to return if a radio button is selected, another method to return a PageObject::Elements::RadioButton object representing the radio button element, and another to check the radio button's existence.

Examples:

radio_button(:north, :id => "north")
# will generate 'select_north', 'north_selected?',
# 'north_element', and 'north?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a radio button.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 383

def radio_button(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'radio_button_for', &block)
  define_method("select_#{name}") do
    return platform.select_radio(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").select
  end
  define_method("#{name}_selected?") do
    return platform.radio_selected?(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").selected?
  end
end

#radio_button_group(name, identifier) ⇒ Object Also known as: radio_group

adds five methods to help interact with a radio button group - a method to select a radio button in the group by given value/text, a method to return the values of all radio buttons in the group, a method to return if a radio button in the group is selected (will return the text of the selected radio button, if true), a method to return an array of PageObject::Elements::RadioButton objects representing the radio button group, and finally a method to check the existence of the radio button group.

radio_button_group(:color, :name => “preferred_color”) will generate 'select_color', 'color_values', 'color_selected?', 'color_elements', and 'color?' methods

The valid keys are:

  • :name

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • shared (Hash)

    identifier for the radio button group. Typically, a 'name' attribute.


416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 416

def radio_button_group(name, identifier)
  define_method("select_#{name}") do |value|
    platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone).each do |radio_elem|
      if radio_elem.value == value
        return radio_elem.select
      end
    end
  end
  define_method("#{name}_values") do
    result = []
    platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone).each do |radio_elem|
      result << radio_elem.value
    end
    return result
  end
  define_method("#{name}_selected?") do
    platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone).each do |radio_elem|
      return radio_elem.value if radio_elem.selected?
    end
    return false
  end
  define_method("#{name}_elements") do
    return platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone)
  end
  define_method("#{name}?") do
    return platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone).any?
  end
end

#row(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a table row, another to return the table row element, and another to check the row's existence.

Examples:

row(:sums, :id => 'sum_row')
# will generate 'sums', 'sums_element', and 'sums?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a cell.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


563
564
565
566
567
568
569
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 563

def row(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'row_for', &block)
  define_method("#{name}") do
    return platform.row_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#select_list(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: select

adds five methods - one to select an item in a drop-down, another to fetch the currently selected item text, another to retrieve the select list element, another to check the drop down's existence and another to get all the available options to select from.

Examples:

select_list(:state, :id => "state")
# will generate 'state', 'state=', 'state_element', 'state?', "state_options" methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a select list.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 298

def select_list(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'select_list_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.select_list_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.select_list_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").select(value)
  end
  define_method("#{name}_options") do
    element = self.send("#{name}_element")
    (element && element.options) ? element.options.collect(&:text) : []
  end
end

#span(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a span, another to return the span element, and another to check the span's existence.

Examples:

span(:alert, :id => 'alert')
# will generate 'alert', 'alert_element', and 'alert?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a span.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


498
499
500
501
502
503
504
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 498

def span(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'span_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.span_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#standard_methods(name, identifier, method, &block) ⇒ Object


1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1132

def standard_methods(name, identifier, method, &block)
  define_method("#{name}_element") do
    return call_block(&block) if block_given?
    platform.send(method, identifier.clone)
  end
  define_method("#{name}?") do
    return call_block(&block).exists? if block_given?
    platform.send(method, identifier.clone).exists?
  end
end

#svg(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to retrieve a svg, and another to check the svg's existence.

Examples:

svg(:circle, :id => 'circle')
# will generate 'circle_element', and 'circle?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a svg.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


978
979
980
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 978

def svg(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'svg_for', &block)
end

#table(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to return the text for the table, one to retrieve the table element, and another to check the table's existence.

Examples:

table(:cart, :id => 'shopping_cart')
# will generate a 'cart', 'cart_element' and 'cart?' method

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a table.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


519
520
521
522
523
524
525
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 519

def table(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'table_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.table_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#text_area(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: textarea

adds four methods to the page object - one to set text in a text area, another to retrieve text from a text area, another to return the text area element, and another to check the text area's existence.

Examples:

text_area(:address, :id => "address")
# will generate 'address', 'address=', 'address_element',
# 'address?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a text area.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 270

def text_area(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'text_area_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.text_area_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.text_area_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value = value
  end
end

#text_field(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds four methods to the page object - one to set text in a text field, another to retrieve text from a text field, another to return the text field element, another to check the text field's existence.

Examples:

text_field(:first_name, :id => "first_name")
# will generate 'first_name', 'first_name=', 'first_name_element',
# 'first_name?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a text field.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 196

def text_field(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'text_field_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.text_field_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.text_field_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value = value
  end
end

#unordered_list(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: ul

adds three methods - one to return the text within the unordered list, one to retrieve the unordered list element, and another to check it's existence.

Examples:

unordered_list(:menu, :id => 'main_menu')
# will generate 'menu', 'menu_element' and 'menu?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an unordered list.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


644
645
646
647
648
649
650
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 644

def unordered_list(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'unordered_list_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.unordered_list_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#video(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to return the video element and another to check the video's existence.

Examples:

video(:movie, :id => 'video_id')
# will generate 'movie_element' and 'movie?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a video element.

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called


921
922
923
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 921

def video(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'video_for', &block)
end

#wait_for_expected_title(expected_title, timeout = ::PageObject.default_element_wait) ⇒ boolean

Creates a method that waits the expected_title of a page to match the actual.

Examples:

Specify 'Google' as the expected title of a page

expected_title "Google"
page.has_expected_title?

Parameters:

  • expected_title (String)

    the literal expected title for the page

  • expected_title (Regexp)

    the expected title pattern for the page

  • timeout (optional, Integer) (defaults to: ::PageObject.default_element_wait)

    default value is nil - do not wait

Returns:

  • (boolean)

Raises:

  • An exception if expected_title does not match actual title


64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 64

def wait_for_expected_title(expected_title, timeout=::PageObject.default_element_wait)
  define_method("wait_for_expected_title?") do
    error_message = lambda { "Expected title '#{expected_title}' instead of '#{title}'" }

    has_expected_title = (expected_title === title)
    wait_until(timeout, error_message.call) do
      has_expected_title = (expected_title === title)
    end unless has_expected_title

    raise error_message.call unless has_expected_title
    has_expected_title
  end
end