Class: Puma::Server

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Extended by:
Forwardable
Includes:
Const
Defined in:
lib/puma/server.rb

Overview

The HTTP Server itself. Serves out a single Rack app.

This class is used by the `Puma::Single` and `Puma::Cluster` classes to generate one or more `Puma::Server` instances capable of handling requests. Each Puma process will contain one `Puma::Server` instance.

The `Puma::Server` instance pulls requests from the socket, adds them to a `Puma::Reactor` where they get eventually passed to a `Puma::ThreadPool`.

Each `Puma::Server` will have one reactor and one thread pool.

Constant Summary collapse

UNPACK_TCP_STATE_FROM_TCP_INFO =
"C".freeze
ThreadLocalKey =
:puma_server

Constants included from Const

Const::CGI_VER, Const::CHUNKED, Const::CHUNK_SIZE, Const::CLOSE, Const::CLOSE_CHUNKED, Const::CODE_NAME, Const::COLON, Const::CONNECTION_CLOSE, Const::CONNECTION_KEEP_ALIVE, Const::CONTENT_LENGTH, Const::CONTENT_LENGTH2, Const::CONTENT_LENGTH_S, Const::CONTINUE, Const::EARLY_HINTS, Const::ERROR_RESPONSE, Const::FAST_TRACK_KA_TIMEOUT, Const::FIRST_DATA_TIMEOUT, Const::GATEWAY_INTERFACE, Const::HALT_COMMAND, Const::HEAD, Const::HIJACK, Const::HIJACK_IO, Const::HIJACK_P, Const::HTTP, Const::HTTPS, Const::HTTPS_KEY, Const::HTTP_10_200, Const::HTTP_11, Const::HTTP_11_100, Const::HTTP_11_200, Const::HTTP_CONNECTION, Const::HTTP_EXPECT, Const::HTTP_HOST, Const::HTTP_VERSION, Const::HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR, Const::HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO, Const::HTTP_X_FORWARDED_SCHEME, Const::HTTP_X_FORWARDED_SSL, Const::KEEP_ALIVE, Const::LINE_END, Const::LOCALHOST, Const::LOCALHOST_ADDR, Const::LOCALHOST_IP, Const::MAX_BODY, Const::MAX_HEADER, Const::NEWLINE, Const::PATH_INFO, Const::PERSISTENT_TIMEOUT, Const::PORT_443, Const::PORT_80, Const::PUMA_CONFIG, Const::PUMA_PEERCERT, Const::PUMA_SERVER_STRING, Const::PUMA_SOCKET, Const::PUMA_TMP_BASE, Const::PUMA_VERSION, Const::QUERY_STRING, Const::RACK_AFTER_REPLY, Const::RACK_INPUT, Const::RACK_URL_SCHEME, Const::REMOTE_ADDR, Const::REQUEST_METHOD, Const::REQUEST_PATH, Const::REQUEST_URI, Const::RESTART_COMMAND, Const::SERVER_NAME, Const::SERVER_PORT, Const::SERVER_PROTOCOL, Const::SERVER_SOFTWARE, Const::STOP_COMMAND, Const::TRANSFER_ENCODING, Const::TRANSFER_ENCODING2, Const::TRANSFER_ENCODING_CHUNKED, Const::WORKER_CHECK_INTERVAL, Const::WRITE_TIMEOUT

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(app, events = Events.stdio, options = {}) ⇒ Server

Create a server for the rack app app.

events is an object which will be called when certain error events occur to be handled. See Puma::Events for the list of current methods to implement.

Server#run returns a thread that you can join on to wait for the server to do its work.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 56

def initialize(app, events=Events.stdio, options={})
  @app = app
  @events = events

  @check, @notify = Puma::Util.pipe

  @status = :stop

  @min_threads = 0
  @max_threads = 16
  @auto_trim_time = 30
  @reaping_time = 1

  @thread = nil
  @thread_pool = nil
  @early_hints = nil

  @persistent_timeout = options.fetch(:persistent_timeout, PERSISTENT_TIMEOUT)
  @first_data_timeout = options.fetch(:first_data_timeout, FIRST_DATA_TIMEOUT)

  @binder = Binder.new(events)

  @leak_stack_on_error = true

  @options = options
  @queue_requests = options[:queue_requests].nil? ? true : options[:queue_requests]

  ENV['RACK_ENV'] ||= "development"

  @mode = :http

  @precheck_closing = true
end

Instance Attribute Details

#appObject

Returns the value of attribute app


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 39

def app
  @app
end

#auto_trim_timeObject

Returns the value of attribute auto_trim_time


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 44

def auto_trim_time
  @auto_trim_time
end

#binderObject

Returns the value of attribute binder


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 90

def binder
  @binder
end

#early_hintsObject

Returns the value of attribute early_hints


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 90

def early_hints
  @early_hints
end

#eventsObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute events


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 38

def events
  @events
end

#first_data_timeoutObject

Returns the value of attribute first_data_timeout


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 46

def first_data_timeout
  @first_data_timeout
end

#leak_stack_on_errorObject

Returns the value of attribute leak_stack_on_error


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 90

def leak_stack_on_error
  @leak_stack_on_error
end

#max_threadsObject

Returns the value of attribute max_threads


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 42

def max_threads
  @max_threads
end

#min_threadsObject

Returns the value of attribute min_threads


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 41

def min_threads
  @min_threads
end

#persistent_timeoutObject

Returns the value of attribute persistent_timeout


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 43

def persistent_timeout
  @persistent_timeout
end

#reaping_timeObject

Returns the value of attribute reaping_time


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 45

def reaping_time
  @reaping_time
end

#threadObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute thread


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 37

def thread
  @thread
end

Class Method Details

.currentObject


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 1022

def self.current
  Thread.current[ThreadLocalKey]
end

Instance Method Details

#backlogObject


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 155

def backlog
  @thread_pool and @thread_pool.backlog
end

#begin_restartObject


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 995

def begin_restart
  notify_safely(RESTART_COMMAND)
end

#closed_socket?(socket) ⇒ Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 127

def closed_socket?(socket)
  return false unless socket.kind_of? TCPSocket
  return false unless @precheck_closing

  begin
    tcp_info = socket.getsockopt(Socket::SOL_TCP, Socket::TCP_INFO)
  rescue IOError, SystemCallError
    Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
    @precheck_closing = false
    false
  else
    state = tcp_info.unpack(UNPACK_TCP_STATE_FROM_TCP_INFO)[0]
    # TIME_WAIT: 6, CLOSE: 7, CLOSE_WAIT: 8, LAST_ACK: 9, CLOSING: 11
    (state >= 6 && state <= 9) || state == 11
  end
end

#cork_socket(socket) ⇒ Object

6 == Socket::IPPROTO_TCP 3 == TCP_CORK 1/0 == turn on/off


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 111

def cork_socket(socket)
  begin
    socket.setsockopt(6, 3, 1) if socket.kind_of? TCPSocket
  rescue IOError, SystemCallError
    Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
  end
end

#default_server_port(env) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 593

def default_server_port(env)
  if ['on', HTTPS].include?(env[HTTPS_KEY]) || env[HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO].to_s[0...5] == HTTPS || env[HTTP_X_FORWARDED_SCHEME] == HTTPS || env[HTTP_X_FORWARDED_SSL] == "on"
    PORT_443
  else
    PORT_80
  end
end

#graceful_shutdownObject

Wait for all outstanding requests to finish.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 914

def graceful_shutdown
  if @options[:shutdown_debug]
    threads = Thread.list
    total = threads.size

    pid = Process.pid

    $stdout.syswrite "#{pid}: === Begin thread backtrace dump ===\n"

    threads.each_with_index do |t,i|
      $stdout.syswrite "#{pid}: Thread #{i+1}/#{total}: #{t.inspect}\n"
      $stdout.syswrite "#{pid}: #{t.backtrace.join("\n#{pid}: ")}\n\n"
    end
    $stdout.syswrite "#{pid}: === End thread backtrace dump ===\n"
  end

  if @options[:drain_on_shutdown]
    count = 0

    while true
      ios = IO.select @binder.ios, nil, nil, 0
      break unless ios

      ios.first.each do |sock|
        begin
          if io = sock.accept_nonblock
            count += 1
            client = Client.new io, @binder.env(sock)
            @thread_pool << client
          end
        rescue SystemCallError
        end
      end
    end

    @events.debug "Drained #{count} additional connections."
  end

  if @status != :restart
    @binder.close
  end

  if @thread_pool
    if timeout = @options[:force_shutdown_after]
      @thread_pool.shutdown timeout.to_i
    else
      @thread_pool.shutdown
    end
  end
end

#halt(sync = false) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 990

def halt(sync=false)
  notify_safely(HALT_COMMAND)
  @thread.join if @thread && sync
end

#handle_checkObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 439

def handle_check
  cmd = @check.read(1)

  case cmd
  when STOP_COMMAND
    @status = :stop
    return true
  when HALT_COMMAND
    @status = :halt
    return true
  when RESTART_COMMAND
    @status = :restart
    return true
  end

  return false
end

#handle_request(req, lines) ⇒ Object

Takes the request req, invokes the Rack application to construct the response and writes it back to req.io.

The second parameter lines is a IO-like object unique to this thread. This is normally an instance of Puma::IOBuffer.

It'll return false when the connection is closed, this doesn't mean that the response wasn't successful.

It'll return :async if the connection remains open but will be handled elsewhere, i.e. the connection has been hijacked by the Rack application.

Finally, it'll return true on keep-alive connections.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 614

def handle_request(req, lines)
  env = req.env
  client = req.io

  return false if closed_socket?(client)

  normalize_env env, req

  env[PUMA_SOCKET] = client

  if env[HTTPS_KEY] && client.peercert
    env[PUMA_PEERCERT] = client.peercert
  end

  env[HIJACK_P] = true
  env[HIJACK] = req

  body = req.body

  head = env[REQUEST_METHOD] == HEAD

  env[RACK_INPUT] = body
  env[RACK_URL_SCHEME] = default_server_port(env) == PORT_443 ? HTTPS : HTTP

  if @early_hints
    env[EARLY_HINTS] = lambda { |headers|
      begin
        fast_write client, "HTTP/1.1 103 Early Hints\r\n".freeze

        headers.each_pair do |k, vs|
          if vs.respond_to?(:to_s) && !vs.to_s.empty?
            vs.to_s.split(NEWLINE).each do |v|
              fast_write client, "#{k}: #{v}\r\n"
            end
          else
            fast_write client, "#{k}: #{vs}\r\n"
          end
        end

        fast_write client, "\r\n".freeze
      rescue ConnectionError
        # noop, if we lost the socket we just won't send the early hints
      end
    }
  end

  # A rack extension. If the app writes #call'ables to this
  # array, we will invoke them when the request is done.
  #
  after_reply = env[RACK_AFTER_REPLY] = []

  begin
    begin
      status, headers, res_body = @app.call(env)

      return :async if req.hijacked

      status = status.to_i

      if status == -1
        unless headers.empty? and res_body == []
          raise "async response must have empty headers and body"
        end

        return :async
      end
    rescue ThreadPool::ForceShutdown => e
      @events.log "Detected force shutdown of a thread, returning 503"
      @events.unknown_error self, e, "Rack app"

      status = 503
      headers = {}
      res_body = ["Request was internally terminated early\n"]

    rescue Exception => e
      @events.unknown_error self, e, "Rack app", env

      status, headers, res_body = lowlevel_error(e, env)
    end

    content_length = nil
    no_body = head

    if res_body.kind_of? Array and res_body.size == 1
      content_length = res_body[0].bytesize
    end

    cork_socket client

    line_ending = LINE_END
    colon = COLON

    http_11 = if env[HTTP_VERSION] == HTTP_11
      allow_chunked = true
      keep_alive = env.fetch(HTTP_CONNECTION, "").downcase != CLOSE
      include_keepalive_header = false

      # An optimization. The most common response is 200, so we can
      # reply with the proper 200 status without having to compute
      # the response header.
      #
      if status == 200
        lines << HTTP_11_200
      else
        lines.append "HTTP/1.1 ", status.to_s, " ",
                     fetch_status_code(status), line_ending

        no_body ||= status < 200 || STATUS_WITH_NO_ENTITY_BODY[status]
      end
      true
    else
      allow_chunked = false
      keep_alive = env.fetch(HTTP_CONNECTION, "").downcase == KEEP_ALIVE
      include_keepalive_header = keep_alive

      # Same optimization as above for HTTP/1.1
      #
      if status == 200
        lines << HTTP_10_200
      else
        lines.append "HTTP/1.0 ", status.to_s, " ",
                     fetch_status_code(status), line_ending

        no_body ||= status < 200 || STATUS_WITH_NO_ENTITY_BODY[status]
      end
      false
    end

    response_hijack = nil

    headers.each do |k, vs|
      case k.downcase
      when CONTENT_LENGTH2
        content_length = vs
        next
      when TRANSFER_ENCODING
        allow_chunked = false
        content_length = nil
      when HIJACK
        response_hijack = vs
        next
      end

      if vs.respond_to?(:to_s) && !vs.to_s.empty?
        vs.to_s.split(NEWLINE).each do |v|
          lines.append k, colon, v, line_ending
        end
      else
        lines.append k, colon, line_ending
      end
    end

    if include_keepalive_header
      lines << CONNECTION_KEEP_ALIVE
    elsif http_11 && !keep_alive
      lines << CONNECTION_CLOSE
    end

    if no_body
      if content_length and status != 204
        lines.append CONTENT_LENGTH_S, content_length.to_s, line_ending
      end

      lines << line_ending
      fast_write client, lines.to_s
      return keep_alive
    end

    if content_length
      lines.append CONTENT_LENGTH_S, content_length.to_s, line_ending
      chunked = false
    elsif !response_hijack and allow_chunked
      lines << TRANSFER_ENCODING_CHUNKED
      chunked = true
    end

    lines << line_ending

    fast_write client, lines.to_s

    if response_hijack
      response_hijack.call client
      return :async
    end

    begin
      res_body.each do |part|
        next if part.bytesize.zero?
        if chunked
          fast_write client, part.bytesize.to_s(16)
          fast_write client, line_ending
          fast_write client, part
          fast_write client, line_ending
        else
          fast_write client, part
        end

        client.flush
      end

      if chunked
        fast_write client, CLOSE_CHUNKED
        client.flush
      end
    rescue SystemCallError, IOError
      raise ConnectionError, "Connection error detected during write"
    end

  ensure
    uncork_socket client

    body.close
    req.tempfile.unlink if req.tempfile
    res_body.close if res_body.respond_to? :close

    after_reply.each { |o| o.call }
  end

  return keep_alive
end

#handle_serversObject


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 364

def handle_servers
  begin
    check = @check
    sockets = [check] + @binder.ios
    pool = @thread_pool
    queue_requests = @queue_requests

    remote_addr_value = nil
    remote_addr_header = nil

    case @options[:remote_address]
    when :value
      remote_addr_value = @options[:remote_address_value]
    when :header
      remote_addr_header = @options[:remote_address_header]
    end

    while @status == :run
      begin
        ios = IO.select sockets
        ios.first.each do |sock|
          if sock == check
            break if handle_check
          else
            begin
              if io = sock.accept_nonblock
                client = Client.new io, @binder.env(sock)
                if remote_addr_value
                  client.peerip = remote_addr_value
                elsif remote_addr_header
                  client.remote_addr_header = remote_addr_header
                end

                pool << client
                busy_threads = pool.wait_until_not_full
                if busy_threads == 0
                  @options[:out_of_band].each(&:call) if @options[:out_of_band]
                end
              end
            rescue SystemCallError
              # nothing
            rescue Errno::ECONNABORTED
              # client closed the socket even before accept
              begin
                io.close
              rescue
                Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
              end
            end
          end
        end
      rescue Object => e
        @events.unknown_error self, e, "Listen loop"
      end
    end

    @events.fire :state, @status

    graceful_shutdown if @status == :stop || @status == :restart
    if queue_requests
      @reactor.clear!
      @reactor.shutdown
    end
  rescue Exception => e
    STDERR.puts "Exception handling servers: #{e.message} (#{e.class})"
    STDERR.puts e.backtrace
  ensure
    @check.close
    @notify.close
  end

  @events.fire :state, :done
end

#handle_servers_lopez_modeObject


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 217

def handle_servers_lopez_mode
  begin
    check = @check
    sockets = [check] + @binder.ios
    pool = @thread_pool

    while @status == :run
      begin
        ios = IO.select sockets
        ios.first.each do |sock|
          if sock == check
            break if handle_check
          else
            begin
              if io = sock.accept_nonblock
                client = Client.new io, nil
                pool << client
              end
            rescue SystemCallError
              # nothing
            rescue Errno::ECONNABORTED
              # client closed the socket even before accept
              begin
                io.close
              rescue
                Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
              end
            end
          end
        end
      rescue Object => e
        @events.unknown_error self, e, "Listen loop"
      end
    end

    @events.fire :state, @status

    graceful_shutdown if @status == :stop || @status == :restart

  rescue Exception => e
    STDERR.puts "Exception handling servers: #{e.message} (#{e.class})"
    STDERR.puts e.backtrace
  ensure
    begin
      @check.close
    rescue
      Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
    end

    # Prevent can't modify frozen IOError (RuntimeError)
    begin
      @notify.close
    rescue IOError
      # no biggy
    end
  end

  @events.fire :state, :done
end

#inherit_binder(bind) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 94

def inherit_binder(bind)
  @binder = bind
end

#lowlevel_error(e, env) ⇒ Object

A fallback rack response if @app raises as exception.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 896

def lowlevel_error(e, env)
  if handler = @options[:lowlevel_error_handler]
    if handler.arity == 1
      return handler.call(e)
    else
      return handler.call(e, env)
    end
  end

  if @leak_stack_on_error
    [500, {}, ["Puma caught this error: #{e.message} (#{e.class})\n#{e.backtrace.join("\n")}"]]
  else
    [500, {}, ["An unhandled lowlevel error occurred. The application logs may have details.\n"]]
  end
end

#normalize_env(env, client) ⇒ Object

Given a Hash env for the request read from client, add and fixup keys to comply with Rack's env guidelines.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 540

def normalize_env(env, client)
  if host = env[HTTP_HOST]
    if colon = host.index(":")
      env[SERVER_NAME] = host[0, colon]
      env[SERVER_PORT] = host[colon+1, host.bytesize]
    else
      env[SERVER_NAME] = host
      env[SERVER_PORT] = default_server_port(env)
    end
  else
    env[SERVER_NAME] = LOCALHOST
    env[SERVER_PORT] = default_server_port(env)
  end

  unless env[REQUEST_PATH]
    # it might be a dumbass full host request header
    uri = URI.parse(env[REQUEST_URI])
    env[REQUEST_PATH] = uri.path

    raise "No REQUEST PATH" unless env[REQUEST_PATH]

    # A nil env value will cause a LintError (and fatal errors elsewhere),
    # so only set the env value if there actually is a value.
    env[QUERY_STRING] = uri.query if uri.query
  end

  env[PATH_INFO] = env[REQUEST_PATH]

  # From http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3875 :
  # "Script authors should be aware that the REMOTE_ADDR and
  # REMOTE_HOST meta-variables (see sections 4.1.8 and 4.1.9)
  # may not identify the ultimate source of the request.
  # They identify the client for the immediate request to the
  # server; that client may be a proxy, gateway, or other
  # intermediary acting on behalf of the actual source client."
  #

  unless env.key?(REMOTE_ADDR)
    begin
      addr = client.peerip
    rescue Errno::ENOTCONN
      # Client disconnects can result in an inability to get the
      # peeraddr from the socket; default to localhost.
      addr = LOCALHOST_IP
    end

    # Set unix socket addrs to localhost
    addr = LOCALHOST_IP if addr.empty?

    env[REMOTE_ADDR] = addr
  end
end

#pool_capacityObject

This number represents the number of requests that the server is capable of taking right now.

For example if the number is 5 then it means there are 5 threads sitting idle ready to take a request. If one request comes in, then the value would be 4 until it finishes processing.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 171

def pool_capacity
  @thread_pool and @thread_pool.pool_capacity
end

#process_client(client, buffer) ⇒ Object

Given a connection on client, handle the incoming requests.

This method support HTTP Keep-Alive so it may, depending on if the client indicates that it supports keep alive, wait for another request before returning.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 463

def process_client(client, buffer)
  begin

    clean_thread_locals = @options[:clean_thread_locals]
    close_socket = true

    while true
      case handle_request(client, buffer)
      when false
        return
      when :async
        close_socket = false
        return
      when true
        return unless @queue_requests
        buffer.reset

        ThreadPool.clean_thread_locals if clean_thread_locals

        unless client.reset(@status == :run)
          close_socket = false
          client.set_timeout @persistent_timeout
          @reactor.add client
          return
        end
      end
    end

  # The client disconnected while we were reading data
  rescue ConnectionError
    # Swallow them. The ensure tries to close +client+ down

  # SSL handshake error
  rescue MiniSSL::SSLError => e
    lowlevel_error(e, client.env)

    ssl_socket = client.io
    addr = ssl_socket.peeraddr.last
    cert = ssl_socket.peercert

    close_socket = true

    @events.ssl_error self, addr, cert, e

  # The client doesn't know HTTP well
  rescue HttpParserError => e
    lowlevel_error(e, client.env)

    client.write_error(400)

    @events.parse_error self, client.env, e

  # Server error
  rescue StandardError => e
    lowlevel_error(e, client.env)

    client.write_error(500)

    @events.unknown_error self, e, "Read"

  ensure
    buffer.reset

    begin
      client.close if close_socket
    rescue IOError, SystemCallError
      Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
      # Already closed
    rescue StandardError => e
      @events.unknown_error self, e, "Client"
    end
  end
end

#read_body(env, client, body, cl) ⇒ Object

Given the request env from client and the partial body body plus a potential Content-Length value cl, finish reading the body and return it.

If the body is larger than MAX_BODY, a Tempfile object is used for the body, otherwise a StringIO is used.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 847

def read_body(env, client, body, cl)
  content_length = cl.to_i

  remain = content_length - body.bytesize

  return StringIO.new(body) if remain <= 0

  # Use a Tempfile if there is a lot of data left
  if remain > MAX_BODY
    stream = Tempfile.new(Const::PUMA_TMP_BASE)
    stream.binmode
  else
    # The body[0,0] trick is to get an empty string in the same
    # encoding as body.
    stream = StringIO.new body[0,0]
  end

  stream.write body

  # Read an odd sized chunk so we can read even sized ones
  # after this
  chunk = client.readpartial(remain % CHUNK_SIZE)

  # No chunk means a closed socket
  unless chunk
    stream.close
    return nil
  end

  remain -= stream.write(chunk)

  # Raed the rest of the chunks
  while remain > 0
    chunk = client.readpartial(CHUNK_SIZE)
    unless chunk
      stream.close
      return nil
    end

    remain -= stream.write(chunk)
  end

  stream.rewind

  return stream
end

#run(background = true) ⇒ Object

Runs the server.

If background is true (the default) then a thread is spun up in the background to handle requests. Otherwise requests are handled synchronously.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 282

def run(background=true)
  BasicSocket.do_not_reverse_lookup = true

  @events.fire :state, :booting

  @status = :run

  if @mode == :tcp
    return run_lopez_mode(background)
  end

  queue_requests = @queue_requests

  @thread_pool = ThreadPool.new(@min_threads,
                                @max_threads,
                                IOBuffer) do |client, buffer|

    # Advertise this server into the thread
    Thread.current[ThreadLocalKey] = self

    process_now = false

    begin
      if queue_requests
        process_now = client.eagerly_finish
      else
        client.finish
        process_now = true
      end
    rescue MiniSSL::SSLError => e
      ssl_socket = client.io
      addr = ssl_socket.peeraddr.last
      cert = ssl_socket.peercert

      client.close

      @events.ssl_error self, addr, cert, e
    rescue HttpParserError => e
      client.write_error(400)
      client.close

      @events.parse_error self, client.env, e
    rescue ConnectionError, EOFError
      client.close
    else
      if process_now
        process_client client, buffer
      else
        client.set_timeout @first_data_timeout
        @reactor.add client
      end
    end
  end

  @thread_pool.clean_thread_locals = @options[:clean_thread_locals]

  if queue_requests
    @reactor = Reactor.new self, @thread_pool
    @reactor.run_in_thread
  end

  if @reaping_time
    @thread_pool.auto_reap!(@reaping_time)
  end

  if @auto_trim_time
    @thread_pool.auto_trim!(@auto_trim_time)
  end

  @events.fire :state, :running

  if background
    @thread = Thread.new do
      Puma.set_thread_name "server"
      handle_servers
    end
    return @thread
  else
    handle_servers
  end
end

#run_lopez_mode(background = true) ⇒ Object

Lopez Mode == raw tcp apps


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 177

def run_lopez_mode(background=true)
  @thread_pool = ThreadPool.new(@min_threads,
                                @max_threads,
                                Hash) do |client, tl|

    io = client.to_io
    addr = io.peeraddr.last

    if addr.empty?
      # Set unix socket addrs to localhost
      addr = "127.0.0.1:0"
    else
      addr = "#{addr}:#{io.peeraddr[1]}"
    end

    env = { 'thread' => tl, REMOTE_ADDR => addr }

    begin
      @app.call env, client.to_io
    rescue Object => e
      STDERR.puts "! Detected exception at toplevel: #{e.message} (#{e.class})"
      STDERR.puts e.backtrace
    end

    client.close unless env['detach']
  end

  @events.fire :state, :running

  if background
    @thread = Thread.new do
      Puma.set_thread_name "server"
      handle_servers_lopez_mode
    end
    return @thread
  else
    handle_servers_lopez_mode
  end
end

#runningObject


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 159

def running
  @thread_pool and @thread_pool.spawned
end

#shutting_down?Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 1026

def shutting_down?
  @status == :stop || @status == :restart
end

#stop(sync = false) ⇒ Object

Stops the acceptor thread and then causes the worker threads to finish off the request queue before finally exiting.


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 985

def stop(sync=false)
  notify_safely(STOP_COMMAND)
  @thread.join if @thread && sync
end

#tcp_mode!Object


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 98

def tcp_mode!
  @mode = :tcp
end

#uncork_socket(socket) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/puma/server.rb', line 119

def uncork_socket(socket)
  begin
    socket.setsockopt(6, 3, 0) if socket.kind_of? TCPSocket
  rescue IOError, SystemCallError
    Thread.current.purge_interrupt_queue if Thread.current.respond_to? :purge_interrupt_queue
  end
end