Class: Rex::Post::Meterpreter::Channel

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Extended by:
InboundPacketHandler
Defined in:
lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb

Overview

The channel class represents a logical data pipe that exists between the client and the server. The purpose and behavior of the channel depends on which type it is. The three basic types of channels are streams, datagrams, and pools. Streams are basically equivalent to a TCP connection. Bidirectional, connection-oriented streams. Datagrams are basically equivalent to a UDP session. Bidirectional, connectionless. Pools are basically equivalent to a uni-directional connection, like a file handle. Pools denote channels that only have requests flowing in one direction.

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from InboundPacketHandler

request_handler, response_handler

Constructor Details

#initialize(client, cid, type, flags, packet, **_) ⇒ Channel

Initializes the instance's attributes, such as client context, class identifier, type, and flags.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 137

def initialize(client, cid, type, flags, packet, **_)
  self.client = client
  self.cid    = cid
  self.type   = type
  self.flags  = flags
  @mutex  = Mutex.new

  # Add this instance to the list
  if (cid and client)
    client.add_channel(self)
  end

  # Ensure the remote object is closed when all references are removed
  ObjectSpace.define_finalizer(self, self.class.finalize(client, cid))
end

Instance Attribute Details

#cidObject

The unique channel identifier.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 435

def cid
  @cid
end

#clientObject

The associated meterpreter client instance


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 455

def client
  @client
end

#clsObject

The class of channel (stream, datagram, pool).


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 443

def cls
  @cls
end

#flagsObject

Any channel-specific flag, like synchronous IO.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 447

def flags
  @flags
end

#paramsObject

Any channel-specific parameters.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 451

def params
  @params
end

#typeObject

The type of channel.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 439

def type
  @type
end

Class Method Details

._close(client, cid, addends = nil) ⇒ Object

Closes the channel.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 288

def self._close(client, cid, addends=nil)
  if cid.nil?
    raise IOError, "Channel has been closed.", caller
  end

  request = Packet.create_request(COMMAND_ID_CORE_CHANNEL_CLOSE)

  # Populate the request
  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_ID, cid)
  request.add_tlvs(addends)

  client.send_request(request, nil)

  # Disassociate this channel instance
  client.remove_channel(cid)

  return true
end

.create(client, type = nil, klass = nil, flags = CHANNEL_FLAG_SYNCHRONOUS, addends = nil, **klass_kwargs) ⇒ Object

Creates a logical channel between the client and the server based on a given type.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 95

def Channel.create(client, type = nil, klass = nil,
    flags = CHANNEL_FLAG_SYNCHRONOUS, addends = nil, **klass_kwargs)
  request = Packet.create_request(COMMAND_ID_CORE_CHANNEL_OPEN)

  # Set the type of channel that we're allocating
  if !type.nil?
    request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_TYPE, type)
  end

  # If no factory class was provided, use the default native class
  if klass.nil?
    klass = self
  end

  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_CLASS, klass.cls)
  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_FLAGS, flags)
  request.add_tlvs(addends)

  # Transmit the request and wait for the response
  cid = nil
  begin
    response = client.send_request(request)
    cid = response.get_tlv_value(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_ID)
    if cid.nil?
      raise Rex::Post::Meterpreter::RequestError
    end
  end

  # Create the channel instance
  klass.new(client, cid, type, flags, response, **klass_kwargs)
end

.finalize(client, cid) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 153

def self.finalize(client, cid)
  proc {
    unless cid.nil?
      self._close(client, cid)
    end
  }
end

.request_handler(client, packet) ⇒ Object

Class request handler for all channels that dispatches requests to the appropriate class instance's DIO handler


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 55

def request_handler(client, packet)
  cid = packet.get_tlv_value(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_ID)

  # No channel identifier, then drop it
  if cid.nil?
    return false
  end

  channel = client.find_channel(cid)

  # No valid channel context? The channel may not be registered yet
  if channel.nil?
    return false
  end


  dio = channel.dio_map(packet.method)

  # Supported DIO request? Dump it.
  if dio.nil?
    return true
  end


  # Call the channel's dio handler and return success or fail
  # based on what happens
  channel.dio_handler(dio, packet)
end

Instance Method Details

#_close(addends = nil) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 307

def _close(addends = nil)
  # let the finalizer do the work behind the scenes
  @mutex.synchronize {
    unless self.cid.nil?
      ObjectSpace.undefine_finalizer(self)
      self.class._close(self.client, self.cid, addends)
      self.cid = nil
    end
  }
end

#_read(length = nil, addends = nil) ⇒ Object

Reads data from the remote half of the channel.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 177

def _read(length = nil, addends = nil)
  if self.cid.nil?
    raise IOError, "Channel has been closed.", caller
  end

  request = Packet.create_request(COMMAND_ID_CORE_CHANNEL_READ)

  if length.nil?
    # Default block size to a higher amount for passive dispatcher
    length = self.client.passive_service ? (1024*1024) : 65536
  end

  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_ID, self.cid)
  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_LENGTH, length)
  request.add_tlvs(addends)

  begin
    response = self.client.send_request(request)
  rescue
    return nil
  end

  # If the channel is in synchronous mode, the response should contain
  # data that was read from the remote side of the channel
  if (flag?(CHANNEL_FLAG_SYNCHRONOUS))
    data = response.get_tlv(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_DATA);

    if (data != nil)
      return data.value
    end
  else
    raise NotImplementedError, "Asynchronous channel mode is not implemented", caller
  end

  return nil
end

#_write(buf, length = nil, addends = nil) ⇒ Object

Writes data to the remote half of the channel.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 224

def _write(buf, length = nil, addends = nil)

  if self.cid.nil?
    raise IOError, "Channel has been closed.", caller
  end

  request = Packet.create_request(COMMAND_ID_CORE_CHANNEL_WRITE)

  # Truncation and celebration
  if ((length != nil) &&
      (buf.length >= length))
    buf = buf[0..length]
  else
    length = buf.length
  end

  # Populate the request
  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_ID, self.cid)

  cdata = request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_DATA, buf)
  if( ( self.flags & CHANNEL_FLAG_COMPRESS ) == CHANNEL_FLAG_COMPRESS )
    cdata.compress = true
  end

  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_LENGTH, length)
  request.add_tlvs(addends)

  response = self.client.send_request(request)
  written  = response.get_tlv(TLV_TYPE_LENGTH)

  written.nil? ? 0 : written.value
end

#cleanupObject (protected)

Cleans up any lingering resources


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 464

def cleanup
end

#close(addends = nil) ⇒ Object

Wrapper around the low-level close.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 267

def close(addends = nil)
  return _close(addends)
end

#close_readObject

Close the channel for future reads.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 281

def close_read
  return _close
end

#close_writeObject

Close the channel for future writes.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 274

def close_write
  return _close
end

#closed?Boolean

Wrapper around check for self.cid

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 260

def closed?
  self.cid.nil?
end

#dio_close_handler(packet) ⇒ Object

Stub close handler.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 379

def dio_close_handler(packet)
  @mutex.synchronize {
    cid = self.cid
    self.cid = nil
  }
  client.remove_channel(cid)

  # Trap IOErrors as parts of the channel may have already been closed
  begin
    self.cleanup
  rescue IOError
  end

  return true
end

#dio_handler(dio, packet) ⇒ Object

Handles dispatching I/O requests based on the request packet. The default implementation does nothing with direct I/O requests.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 347

def dio_handler(dio, packet)
  if (dio == CHANNEL_DIO_READ)
    length = packet.get_tlv_value(TLV_TYPE_LENGTH)

    return dio_read_handler(packet, length)
  elsif (dio == CHANNEL_DIO_WRITE)
    data = packet.get_tlv_value(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_DATA)

    return dio_write_handler(packet, data)
  elsif (dio == CHANNEL_DIO_CLOSE)
    return dio_close_handler(packet)
  end
  return false;
end

#dio_map(command_id) ⇒ Object

Maps packet request methods to DIO request identifiers on a per-instance basis as other instances may add custom dio handlers.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 400

def dio_map(command_id)
  if command_id == COMMAND_ID_CORE_CHANNEL_READ
    return CHANNEL_DIO_READ
  elsif command_id == COMMAND_ID_CORE_CHANNEL_WRITE
    return CHANNEL_DIO_WRITE
  elsif command_id == COMMAND_ID_CORE_CHANNEL_CLOSE
    return CHANNEL_DIO_CLOSE
  end

  return nil
end

#dio_read_handler(packet, length) ⇒ Object

Stub read handler.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 365

def dio_read_handler(packet, length)
  return true
end

#dio_write_handler(packet, data) ⇒ Object

Stub write handler.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 372

def dio_write_handler(packet, data)
  return true
end

#flag?(flag) ⇒ Boolean

Checks to see if a flag is set on the instance's flags attribute.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 421

def flag?(flag)
  return ((self.flags & flag) == flag)
end

#interactive(tf = true, addends = nil) ⇒ Object

Enables or disables interactive mode.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 320

def interactive(tf = true, addends = nil)
  if self.cid.nil?
    raise IOError, "Channel has been closed.", caller
  end

  request = Packet.create_request(COMMAND_ID_CORE_CHANNEL_INTERACT)

  # Populate the request
  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_CHANNEL_ID, self.cid)
  request.add_tlv(TLV_TYPE_BOOL, tf)
  request.add_tlvs(addends)

  self.client.send_request(request)

  return true
end

#read(length = nil, addends = nil) ⇒ Object

Wrapper around the low-level channel read operation.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 170

def read(length = nil, addends = nil)
  return _read(length, addends)
end

#synchronous?Boolean

Returns whether or not the channel is operating synchronously.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 428

def synchronous?
  return (self.flags & CHANNEL_FLAG_SYNCHRONOUS)
end

#write(buf, length = nil, addends = nil) ⇒ Object

Wrapper around the low-level write.


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# File 'lib/rex/post/meterpreter/channel.rb', line 217

def write(buf, length = nil, addends = nil)
  return _write(buf, length, addends)
end