Class: Crass::Tokenizer

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/crass/tokenizer.rb

Overview

Constant Summary collapse

RE_COMMENT_CLOSE =
/\*\//
RE_DIGIT =
/[0-9]+/
RE_ESCAPE =
/\\[^\n]/
RE_HEX =
/[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,6}/
RE_NAME =
/[0-9A-Za-z_\u0080-\u{10ffff}-]+/
RE_NAME_START =
/[A-Za-z_\u0080-\u{10ffff}]+/
RE_NON_PRINTABLE =
/[\u0000-\u0008\u000b\u000e-\u001f\u007f]+/
RE_NUMBER_DECIMAL =
/\.[0-9]+/
RE_NUMBER_EXPONENT =
/[Ee][+-]?[0-9]+/
RE_NUMBER_SIGN =
/[+-]/
RE_NUMBER_STR =
/\A
  (?<sign> [+-]?)
  (?<integer> [0-9]*)
  (?:\.
    (?<fractional> [0-9]*)
  )?
  (?:[Ee]
    (?<exponent_sign> [+-]?)
    (?<exponent> [0-9]*)
  )?
\z/x
RE_QUOTED_URL_START =
/\A[\n\u0009\u0020]?["']/
RE_UNICODE_RANGE_START =
/\+(?:[0-9A-Fa-f]|\?)/
RE_UNICODE_RANGE_END =
/-[0-9A-Fa-f]/
RE_WHITESPACE =
/[\n\u0009\u0020]+/
RE_WHITESPACE_ANCHORED =
/\A[\n\u0009\u0020]+\z/

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(input, options = {}) ⇒ Tokenizer

Initializes a new Tokenizer.

Options:

  • :preserve_comments - If true, comments will be preserved as :comment tokens.

  • :preserve_hacks - If true, certain non-standard browser hacks such as the IE "*" hack will be preserved even though they violate CSS 3 syntax rules.


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 62

def initialize(input, options = {})
  @s       = Scanner.new(preprocess(input))
  @options = options
end

Class Method Details

.tokenize(input, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Tokenizes the given input as a CSS string and returns an array of tokens.

See #initialize for options.


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 45

def self.tokenize(input, options = {})
  Tokenizer.new(input, options).tokenize
end

Instance Method Details

#consumeObject

Consumes a token and returns the token that was consumed.

4.3.1. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-a-token


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 70

def consume
  return nil if @s.eos?

  @s.mark

  # Consume comments.
  if comment_token = consume_comments
    if @options[:preserve_comments]
      return comment_token
    else
      return consume
    end
  end

  # Consume whitespace.
  return create_token(:whitespace) if @s.scan(RE_WHITESPACE)

  char = @s.consume

  case char.to_sym
  when :'"'
    consume_string

  when :'#'
    if @s.peek =~ RE_NAME || valid_escape?(@s.peek(2))
      create_token(:hash,
        :type  => start_identifier?(@s.peek(3)) ? :id : :unrestricted,
        :value => consume_name)
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :'$'
    if @s.peek == '='
      @s.consume
      create_token(:suffix_match)
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :"'"
    consume_string

  when :'('
    create_token(:'(')

  when :')'
    create_token(:')')

  when :*
    if @s.peek == '='
      @s.consume
      create_token(:substring_match)

    # Non-standard: Preserve the IE * hack.
    elsif @options[:preserve_hacks] && @s.peek =~ RE_NAME_START
      @s.reconsume
      consume_ident

    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :+
    if start_number?
      @s.reconsume
      consume_numeric
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :','
    create_token(:comma)

  when :-
    nextTwoChars   = @s.peek(2)
    nextThreeChars = char + nextTwoChars

    if start_number?(nextThreeChars)
      @s.reconsume
      consume_numeric
    elsif nextTwoChars == '->'
      @s.consume
      @s.consume
      create_token(:cdc)
    elsif start_identifier?(nextThreeChars)
      @s.reconsume
      consume_ident
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :'.'
    if start_number?
      @s.reconsume
      consume_numeric
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :':'
    create_token(:colon)

  when :';'
    create_token(:semicolon)

  when :<
    if @s.peek(3) == '!--'
      @s.consume
      @s.consume
      @s.consume

      create_token(:cdo)
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :'@'
    if start_identifier?(@s.peek(3))
      create_token(:at_keyword, :value => consume_name)
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :'['
    create_token(:'[')

  when :'\\'
    if valid_escape?
      @s.reconsume
      consume_ident
    else
      # Parse error.
      create_token(:delim,
        :error => true,
        :value => char)
    end

  when :']'
    create_token(:']')

  when :'^'
    if @s.peek == '='
      @s.consume
      create_token(:prefix_match)
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :'{'
    create_token(:'{')

  when :'}'
    create_token(:'}')

  when :U, :u
    if @s.peek(2) =~ RE_UNICODE_RANGE_START
      @s.consume
      consume_unicode_range
    else
      @s.reconsume
      consume_ident
    end

  when :|
    case @s.peek
    when '='
      @s.consume
      create_token(:dash_match)

    when '|'
      @s.consume
      create_token(:column)

    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  when :~
    if @s.peek == '='
      @s.consume
      create_token(:include_match)
    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end

  else
    case char
    when RE_DIGIT
      @s.reconsume
      consume_numeric

    when RE_NAME_START
      @s.reconsume
      consume_ident

    else
      create_token(:delim, :value => char)
    end
  end
end

#consume_bad_urlObject

Consumes the remnants of a bad URL and returns the consumed text.

4.3.15. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-the-remnants-of-a-bad-url


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 275

def consume_bad_url
  text = ''

  until @s.eos?
    if valid_escape?
      text << consume_escaped
    elsif valid_escape?(@s.peek(2))
      @s.consume
      text << consume_escaped
    else
      char = @s.consume

      if char == ')'
        break
      else
        text << char
      end
    end
  end

  text
end

#consume_commentsObject

Consumes comments and returns them, or nil if no comments were consumed.

4.3.2. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-comments


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 301

def consume_comments
  if @s.peek(2) == '/*'
    @s.consume
    @s.consume

    if text = @s.scan_until(RE_COMMENT_CLOSE)
      text.slice!(-2, 2)
    else
      # Parse error.
      text = @s.consume_rest
    end

    return create_token(:comment, :value => text)
  end

  nil
end

#consume_escapedObject

Consumes an escaped code point and returns its unescaped value.

This method assumes that the \ has already been consumed, and that the next character in the input has already been verified not to be a newline or EOF.

4.3.8. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-an-escaped-code-point


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 326

def consume_escaped
  return "\ufffd" if @s.eos?

  if hex_str = @s.scan(RE_HEX)
    @s.consume if @s.peek =~ RE_WHITESPACE

    codepoint = hex_str.hex

    if codepoint == 0 ||
        codepoint.between?(0xD800, 0xDFFF) ||
        codepoint > 0x10FFFF

      return "\ufffd"
    else
      return codepoint.chr(Encoding::UTF_8)
    end
  end

  @s.consume
end

#consume_identObject

Consumes an ident-like token and returns it.

4.3.4. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-an-ident-like-token


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 350

def consume_ident
  value = consume_name

  if @s.peek == '('
    @s.consume

    if value.downcase == 'url'
      @s.consume while @s.peek(2) =~ RE_WHITESPACE_ANCHORED

      if @s.peek(2) =~ RE_QUOTED_URL_START
        create_token(:function, :value => value)
      else
        consume_url
      end
    else
      create_token(:function, :value => value)
    end
  else
    create_token(:ident, :value => value)
  end
end

#consume_nameObject

Consumes a name and returns it.

4.3.12. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-a-name


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 375

def consume_name
  result = ''

  until @s.eos?
    if match = @s.scan(RE_NAME)
      result << match
      next
    end

    char = @s.consume

    if valid_escape?
      result << consume_escaped

    # Non-standard: IE * hack
    elsif char == '*' && @options[:preserve_hacks]
      result << @s.consume

    else
      @s.reconsume
      return result
    end
  end

  result
end

#consume_numberObject

Consumes a number and returns a 3-element array containing the number's original representation, its numeric value, and its type (either :integer or :number).

4.3.13. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-a-number


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 407

def consume_number
  repr = ''
  type = :integer

  repr << @s.consume if @s.peek =~ RE_NUMBER_SIGN
  repr << (@s.scan(RE_DIGIT) || '')

  if match = @s.scan(RE_NUMBER_DECIMAL)
    repr << match
    type = :number
  end

  if match = @s.scan(RE_NUMBER_EXPONENT)
    repr << match
    type = :number
  end

  [repr, convert_string_to_number(repr), type]
end

#consume_numericObject

Consumes a numeric token and returns it.

4.3.3. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-a-numeric-token


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 430

def consume_numeric
  number = consume_number

  if start_identifier?(@s.peek(3))
    create_token(:dimension,
      :repr  => number[0],
      :type  => number[2],
      :unit  => consume_name,
      :value => number[1])

  elsif @s.peek == '%'
    @s.consume

    create_token(:percentage,
      :repr  => number[0],
      :type  => number[2],
      :value => number[1])

  else
    create_token(:number,
      :repr  => number[0],
      :type  => number[2],
      :value => number[1])
  end
end

#consume_string(ending = nil) ⇒ Object

Consumes a string token that ends at the given character, and returns the token.

4.3.5. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-a-string-token


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 460

def consume_string(ending = nil)
  ending = @s.current if ending.nil?
  value  = ''

  until @s.eos?
    case char = @s.consume
    when ending
      break

    when "\n"
      # Parse error.
      @s.reconsume
      return create_token(:bad_string,
        :error => true,
        :value => value)

    when '\\'
      case @s.peek
      when ''
        # End of the input, so do nothing.
        next

      when "\n"
        @s.consume

      else
        value << consume_escaped
      end

    else
      value << char
    end
  end

  create_token(:string, :value => value)
end

#consume_unicode_rangeObject

Consumes a Unicode range token and returns it. Assumes the initial "u+" or "U+" has already been consumed.

4.3.7. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-a-unicode-range-token


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 501

def consume_unicode_range
  value = @s.scan(RE_HEX) || ''

  while value.length < 6
    break unless @s.peek == '?'
    value << @s.consume
  end

  range = {}

  if value.include?('?')
    range[:start] = value.gsub('?', '0').hex
    range[:end]   = value.gsub('?', 'F').hex
    return create_token(:unicode_range, range)
  end

  range[:start] = value.hex

  if @s.peek(2) =~ RE_UNICODE_RANGE_END
    @s.consume
    range[:end] = (@s.scan(RE_HEX) || '').hex
  else
    range[:end] = range[:start]
  end

  create_token(:unicode_range, range)
end

#consume_urlObject

Consumes a URL token and returns it. Assumes the original "url(" has already been consumed.

4.3.6. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#consume-a-url-token


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 533

def consume_url
  value = ''

  @s.scan(RE_WHITESPACE)

  until @s.eos?
    case char = @s.consume
      when ')'
        break

      when RE_WHITESPACE
        @s.scan(RE_WHITESPACE)

        if @s.eos? || @s.peek == ')'
          @s.consume
          break
        else
          return create_token(:bad_url, :value => value + consume_bad_url)
        end

      when '"', "'", '(', RE_NON_PRINTABLE
        # Parse error.
        return create_token(:bad_url,
          :error => true,
          :value => value + consume_bad_url)

      when '\\'
        if valid_escape?
          value << consume_escaped
        else
          # Parse error.
          return create_token(:bad_url,
            :error => true,
            :value => value + consume_bad_url
          )
        end

      else
        value << char
    end
  end

  create_token(:url, :value => value)
end

#convert_string_to_number(str) ⇒ Object

Converts a valid CSS number string into a number and returns the number.

4.3.14. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#convert-a-string-to-a-number


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 581

def convert_string_to_number(str)
  matches = RE_NUMBER_STR.match(str)

  s = matches[:sign] == '-' ? -1 : 1
  i = matches[:integer].to_i
  f = matches[:fractional].to_i
  d = matches[:fractional] ? matches[:fractional].length : 0
  t = matches[:exponent_sign] == '-' ? -1 : 1
  e = matches[:exponent].to_i

  # I know this looks nutty, but it's exactly what's defined in the spec,
  # and it works.
  s * (i + f * 10**-d) * 10**(t * e)
end

#create_token(type, properties = {}) ⇒ Object

Creates and returns a new token with the given properties.


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 597

def create_token(type, properties = {})
  {
    :node => type,
    :pos  => @s.marker,
    :raw  => @s.marked
  }.merge!(properties)
end

#preprocess(input) ⇒ Object

Preprocesses input to prepare it for the tokenizer.

3.3. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#input-preprocessing


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 608

def preprocess(input)
  input = input.to_s.encode('UTF-8',
    :invalid => :replace,
    :undef   => :replace)

  input.gsub!(/(?:\r\n|[\r\f])/, "\n")
  input.gsub!("\u0000", "\ufffd")
  input
end

#start_identifier?(text = nil) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if the given three-character text would start an identifier. If text is nil, the current and next two characters in the input stream will be checked, but will not be consumed.

4.3.10. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#would-start-an-identifier


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 623

def start_identifier?(text = nil)
  text = @s.current + @s.peek(2) if text.nil?

  case text[0]
  when '-'
    nextChar = text[1]
    !!(nextChar == '-' || nextChar =~ RE_NAME_START || valid_escape?(text[1, 2]))

  when RE_NAME_START
    true

  when '\\'
    valid_escape?(text[0, 2])

  else
    false
  end
end

#start_number?(text = nil) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if the given three-character text would start a number. If text is nil, the current and next two characters in the input stream will be checked, but will not be consumed.

4.3.11. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#starts-with-a-number


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 647

def start_number?(text = nil)
  text = @s.current + @s.peek(2) if text.nil?

  case text[0]
  when '+', '-'
    !!(text[1] =~ RE_DIGIT || (text[1] == '.' && text[2] =~ RE_DIGIT))

  when '.'
    !!(text[1] =~ RE_DIGIT)

  when RE_DIGIT
    true

  else
    false
  end
end

#tokenizeObject

Tokenizes the input stream and returns an array of tokens.


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 666

def tokenize
  @s.reset

  tokens = []

  while token = consume
    tokens << token
  end

  tokens
end

#valid_escape?(text = nil) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if the given two-character text is the beginning of a valid escape sequence. If text is nil, the current and next character in the input stream will be checked, but will not be consumed.

4.3.9. http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-syntax/#starts-with-a-valid-escape


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# File 'lib/crass/tokenizer.rb', line 683

def valid_escape?(text = nil)
  text = @s.current + @s.peek if text.nil?
  !!(text[0] == '\\' && text[1] != "\n")
end