Module: MiniTest::Assertions

Included in:
Unit::TestCase
Defined in:
lib/minitest/unit.rb

Overview

MiniTest Assertions. All assertion methods accept a msg which is printed if the assertion fails.

Constant Summary collapse

UNDEFINED =

:nodoc:

Object.new

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.diffObject

Returns the diff command to use in #diff. Tries to intelligently figure out what diff to use.


90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 90

def self.diff
  @diff = if (RbConfig::CONFIG['host_os'] =~ /mswin|mingw/ &&
              system("diff.exe", __FILE__, __FILE__)) then
            "diff.exe -u"
          elsif Minitest::Unit::Guard.maglev? then # HACK
            "diff -u"
          elsif system("gdiff", __FILE__, __FILE__)
            "gdiff -u" # solaris and kin suck
          elsif system("diff", __FILE__, __FILE__)
            "diff -u"
          else
            nil
          end unless defined? @diff

  @diff
end

.diff=(o) ⇒ Object

Set the diff command to use in #diff.


110
111
112
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 110

def self.diff= o
  @diff = o
end

Instance Method Details

#_assertionsObject

:nodoc:


190
191
192
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 190

def _assertions # :nodoc:
  @_assertions ||= 0
end

#_assertions=(n) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


186
187
188
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 186

def _assertions= n # :nodoc:
  @_assertions = n
end

#assert(test, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless test is a true value.


197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 197

def assert test, msg = nil
  msg ||= "Failed assertion, no message given."
  self._assertions += 1
  unless test then
    msg = msg.call if Proc === msg
    raise MiniTest::Assertion, msg
  end
  true
end

#assert_empty(obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj is empty.


210
211
212
213
214
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 210

def assert_empty obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to be empty" }
  assert_respond_to obj, :empty?
  assert obj.empty?, msg
end

#assert_equal(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless exp == act printing the difference between the two, if possible.

If there is no visible difference but the assertion fails, you should suspect that your #== is buggy, or your inspect output is missing crucial details.

For floats use assert_in_delta.

See also: MiniTest::Assertions.diff


228
229
230
231
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 228

def assert_equal exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg, "") { diff exp, act }
  assert exp == act, msg
end

#assert_in_delta(exp, act, delta = 0.001, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For comparing Floats. Fails unless exp and act are within delta of each other.

assert_in_delta Math::PI, (22.0 / 7.0), 0.01

239
240
241
242
243
244
245
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 239

def assert_in_delta exp, act, delta = 0.001, msg = nil
  n = (exp - act).abs
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected |#{exp} - #{act}| (#{n}) to be <= #{delta}"
  }
  assert delta >= n, msg
end

#assert_in_epsilon(a, b, epsilon = 0.001, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For comparing Floats. Fails unless exp and act have a relative error less than epsilon.


251
252
253
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 251

def assert_in_epsilon a, b, epsilon = 0.001, msg = nil
  assert_in_delta a, b, [a.abs, b.abs].min * epsilon, msg
end

#assert_includes(collection, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless collection includes obj.


258
259
260
261
262
263
264
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 258

def assert_includes collection, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(collection)} to include #{mu_pp(obj)}"
  }
  assert_respond_to collection, :include?
  assert collection.include?(obj), msg
end

#assert_instance_of(cls, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj is an instance of cls.


269
270
271
272
273
274
275
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 269

def assert_instance_of cls, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to be an instance of #{cls}, not #{obj.class}"
  }

  assert obj.instance_of?(cls), msg
end

#assert_kind_of(cls, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj is a kind of cls.


280
281
282
283
284
285
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 280

def assert_kind_of cls, obj, msg = nil # TODO: merge with instance_of
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to be a kind of #{cls}, not #{obj.class}" }

  assert obj.kind_of?(cls), msg
end

#assert_match(matcher, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless matcher =~ obj.


290
291
292
293
294
295
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 290

def assert_match matcher, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp matcher} to match #{mu_pp obj}" }
  assert_respond_to matcher, :"=~"
  matcher = Regexp.new Regexp.escape matcher if String === matcher
  assert matcher =~ obj, msg
end

#assert_nil(obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj is nil


300
301
302
303
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 300

def assert_nil obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to be nil" }
  assert obj.nil?, msg
end

#assert_operator(o1, op, o2 = UNDEFINED, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For testing with binary operators.

assert_operator 5, :<=, 4

310
311
312
313
314
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 310

def assert_operator o1, op, o2 = UNDEFINED, msg = nil
  return assert_predicate o1, op, msg if UNDEFINED == o2
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(o1)} to be #{op} #{mu_pp(o2)}" }
  assert o1.__send__(op, o2), msg
end

#assert_output(stdout = nil, stderr = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if stdout or stderr do not output the expected results. Pass in nil if you don't care about that streams output. Pass in “” if you require it to be silent. Pass in a regexp if you want to pattern match.

NOTE: this uses #capture_io, not #capture_subprocess_io.

See also: #assert_silent


326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 326

def assert_output stdout = nil, stderr = nil
  out, err = capture_io do
    yield
  end

  err_msg = Regexp === stderr ? :assert_match : :assert_equal if stderr
  out_msg = Regexp === stdout ? :assert_match : :assert_equal if stdout

  y = send err_msg, stderr, err, "In stderr" if err_msg
  x = send out_msg, stdout, out, "In stdout" if out_msg

  (!stdout || x) && (!stderr || y)
end

#assert_predicate(o1, op, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For testing with predicates.

assert_predicate str, :empty?

This is really meant for specs and is front-ended by assert_operator:

str.must_be :empty?

349
350
351
352
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 349

def assert_predicate o1, op, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(o1)} to be #{op}" }
  assert o1.__send__(op), msg
end

#assert_raises(*exp) ⇒ Object

Fails unless the block raises one of exp. Returns the exception matched so you can check the message, attributes, etc.


358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 358

def assert_raises *exp
  msg = "#{exp.pop}.\n" if String === exp.last

  begin
    yield
  rescue MiniTest::Skip => e
    return e if exp.include? MiniTest::Skip
    raise e
  rescue Exception => e
    expected = exp.any? { |ex|
      if ex.instance_of? Module then
        e.kind_of? ex
      else
        e.instance_of? ex
      end
    }

    assert expected, proc {
      exception_details(e, "#{msg}#{mu_pp(exp)} exception expected, not")
    }

    return e
  end

  exp = exp.first if exp.size == 1

  flunk "#{msg}#{mu_pp(exp)} expected but nothing was raised."
end

#assert_respond_to(obj, meth, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj responds to meth.


390
391
392
393
394
395
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 390

def assert_respond_to obj, meth, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} (#{obj.class}) to respond to ##{meth}"
  }
  assert obj.respond_to?(meth), msg
end

#assert_same(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless exp and act are #equal?


400
401
402
403
404
405
406
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 400

def assert_same exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    data = [mu_pp(act), act.object_id, mu_pp(exp), exp.object_id]
    "Expected %s (oid=%d) to be the same as %s (oid=%d)" % data
  }
  assert exp.equal?(act), msg
end

#assert_send(send_ary, m = nil) ⇒ Object

send_ary is a receiver, message and arguments.

Fails unless the call returns a true value TODO: I should prolly remove this from specs


414
415
416
417
418
419
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 414

def assert_send send_ary, m = nil
  recv, msg, *args = send_ary
  m = message(m) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(recv)}.#{msg}(*#{mu_pp(args)}) to return true" }
  assert recv.__send__(msg, *args), m
end

#assert_silentObject

Fails if the block outputs anything to stderr or stdout.

See also: #assert_output


426
427
428
429
430
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 426

def assert_silent
  assert_output "", "" do
    yield
  end
end

#assert_throws(sym, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless the block throws sym


435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 435

def assert_throws sym, msg = nil
  default = "Expected #{mu_pp(sym)} to have been thrown"
  caught = true
  catch(sym) do
    begin
      yield
    rescue ThreadError => e       # wtf?!? 1.8 + threads == suck
      default += ", not \:#{e.message[/uncaught throw \`(\w+?)\'/, 1]}"
    rescue ArgumentError => e     # 1.9 exception
      default += ", not #{e.message.split(/ /).last}"
    rescue NameError => e         # 1.8 exception
      default += ", not #{e.name.inspect}"
    end
    caught = false
  end

  assert caught, message(msg) { default }
end

#capture_ioObject

Captures $stdout and $stderr into strings:

out, err = capture_io do
  puts "Some info"
  warn "You did a bad thing"
end

assert_match %r%info%, out
assert_match %r%bad%, err

NOTE: For efficiency, this method uses StringIO and does not capture IO for subprocesses. Use #capture_subprocess_io for that.


469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 469

def capture_io
  require 'stringio'

  captured_stdout, captured_stderr = StringIO.new, StringIO.new

  synchronize do
    orig_stdout, orig_stderr = $stdout, $stderr
    $stdout, $stderr         = captured_stdout, captured_stderr

    begin
      yield
    ensure
      $stdout = orig_stdout
      $stderr = orig_stderr
    end
  end

  return captured_stdout.string, captured_stderr.string
end

#capture_subprocess_ioObject

Captures $stdout and $stderr into strings, using Tempfile to ensure that subprocess IO is captured as well.

out, err = capture_subprocess_io do
  system "echo Some info"
  system "echo You did a bad thing 1>&2"
end

assert_match %r%info%, out
assert_match %r%bad%, err

NOTE: This method is approximately 10x slower than #capture_io so only use it when you need to test the output of a subprocess.


504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 504

def capture_subprocess_io
  require 'tempfile'

  captured_stdout, captured_stderr = Tempfile.new("out"), Tempfile.new("err")

  synchronize do
    orig_stdout, orig_stderr = $stdout.dup, $stderr.dup
    $stdout.reopen captured_stdout
    $stderr.reopen captured_stderr

    begin
      yield

      $stdout.rewind
      $stderr.rewind

      [captured_stdout.read, captured_stderr.read]
    ensure
      captured_stdout.unlink
      captured_stderr.unlink
      $stdout.reopen orig_stdout
      $stderr.reopen orig_stderr
    end
  end
end

#diff(exp, act) ⇒ Object

Returns a diff between exp and act. If there is no known diff command or if it doesn't make sense to diff the output (single line, short output), then it simply returns a basic comparison between the two.


120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 120

def diff exp, act
  require "tempfile"

  expect = mu_pp_for_diff exp
  butwas = mu_pp_for_diff act
  result = nil

  need_to_diff =
    MiniTest::Assertions.diff &&
    (expect.include?("\n")    ||
     butwas.include?("\n")    ||
     expect.size > 30         ||
     butwas.size > 30         ||
     expect == butwas)

  return "Expected: #{mu_pp exp}\n  Actual: #{mu_pp act}" unless
    need_to_diff

  Tempfile.open("expect") do |a|
    a.puts expect
    a.flush

    Tempfile.open("butwas") do |b|
      b.puts butwas
      b.flush

      result = `#{MiniTest::Assertions.diff} #{a.path} #{b.path}`
      result.sub!(/^\-\-\- .+/, "--- expected")
      result.sub!(/^\+\+\+ .+/, "+++ actual")

      if result.empty? then
        klass = exp.class
        result = [
                  "No visible difference in the #{klass}#inspect output.\n",
                  "You should look at the implementation of #== on ",
                  "#{klass} or its members.\n",
                  expect,
                 ].join
      end
    end
  end

  result
end

#exception_details(e, msg) ⇒ Object

Returns details for exception e


533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 533

def exception_details e, msg
  [
   "#{msg}",
   "Class: <#{e.class}>",
   "Message: <#{e.message.inspect}>",
   "---Backtrace---",
   "#{MiniTest::filter_backtrace(e.backtrace).join("\n")}",
   "---------------",
  ].join "\n"
end

#flunk(msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails with msg


547
548
549
550
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 547

def flunk msg = nil
  msg ||= "Epic Fail!"
  assert false, msg
end

#message(msg = nil, ending = ".", &default) ⇒ Object

Returns a proc that will output msg along with the default message.


555
556
557
558
559
560
561
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 555

def message msg = nil, ending = ".", &default
  proc {
    msg = msg.call.chomp(".") if Proc === msg
    custom_message = "#{msg}.\n" unless msg.nil? or msg.to_s.empty?
    "#{custom_message}#{default.call}#{ending}"
  }
end

#mu_pp(obj) ⇒ Object

This returns a human-readable version of obj. By default #inspect is called. You can override this to use #pretty_print if you want.


170
171
172
173
174
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 170

def mu_pp obj
  s = obj.inspect
  s = s.encode Encoding.default_external if defined? Encoding
  s
end

#mu_pp_for_diff(obj) ⇒ Object

This returns a diff-able human-readable version of obj. This differs from the regular mu_pp because it expands escaped newlines and makes hex-values generic (like object_ids). This uses mu_pp to do the first pass and then cleans it up.


182
183
184
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 182

def mu_pp_for_diff obj
  mu_pp(obj).gsub(/\\n/, "\n").gsub(/:0x[a-fA-F0-9]{4,}/m, ':0xXXXXXX')
end

#pass(msg = nil) ⇒ Object

used for counting assertions


566
567
568
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 566

def pass msg = nil
  assert true
end

#refute(test, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if test is a true value


573
574
575
576
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 573

def refute test, msg = nil
  msg ||= "Failed refutation, no message given"
  not assert(! test, msg)
end

#refute_empty(obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj is empty.


581
582
583
584
585
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 581

def refute_empty obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not be empty" }
  assert_respond_to obj, :empty?
  refute obj.empty?, msg
end

#refute_equal(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if exp == act.

For floats use refute_in_delta.


592
593
594
595
596
597
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 592

def refute_equal exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(act)} to not be equal to #{mu_pp(exp)}"
  }
  refute exp == act, msg
end

#refute_in_delta(exp, act, delta = 0.001, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For comparing Floats. Fails if exp is within delta of act.

refute_in_delta Math::PI, (22.0 / 7.0)

604
605
606
607
608
609
610
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 604

def refute_in_delta exp, act, delta = 0.001, msg = nil
  n = (exp - act).abs
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected |#{exp} - #{act}| (#{n}) to not be <= #{delta}"
  }
  refute delta >= n, msg
end

#refute_in_epsilon(a, b, epsilon = 0.001, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For comparing Floats. Fails if exp and act have a relative error less than epsilon.


616
617
618
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 616

def refute_in_epsilon a, b, epsilon = 0.001, msg = nil
  refute_in_delta a, b, a * epsilon, msg
end

#refute_includes(collection, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if collection includes obj.


623
624
625
626
627
628
629
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 623

def refute_includes collection, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(collection)} to not include #{mu_pp(obj)}"
  }
  assert_respond_to collection, :include?
  refute collection.include?(obj), msg
end

#refute_instance_of(cls, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj is an instance of cls.


634
635
636
637
638
639
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 634

def refute_instance_of cls, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not be an instance of #{cls}"
  }
  refute obj.instance_of?(cls), msg
end

#refute_kind_of(cls, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj is a kind of cls.


644
645
646
647
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 644

def refute_kind_of cls, obj, msg = nil # TODO: merge with instance_of
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not be a kind of #{cls}" }
  refute obj.kind_of?(cls), msg
end

#refute_match(matcher, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if matcher =~ obj.


652
653
654
655
656
657
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 652

def refute_match matcher, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {"Expected #{mu_pp matcher} to not match #{mu_pp obj}"}
  assert_respond_to matcher, :"=~"
  matcher = Regexp.new Regexp.escape matcher if String === matcher
  refute matcher =~ obj, msg
end

#refute_nil(obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj is nil.


662
663
664
665
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 662

def refute_nil obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not be nil" }
  refute obj.nil?, msg
end

#refute_operator(o1, op, o2 = UNDEFINED, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if o1 is not op o2. Eg:

refute_operator 1, :>, 2 #=> pass
refute_operator 1, :<, 2 #=> fail

673
674
675
676
677
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 673

def refute_operator o1, op, o2 = UNDEFINED, msg = nil
  return refute_predicate o1, op, msg if UNDEFINED == o2
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(o1)} to not be #{op} #{mu_pp(o2)}"}
  refute o1.__send__(op, o2), msg
end

#refute_predicate(o1, op, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For testing with predicates.

refute_predicate str, :empty?

This is really meant for specs and is front-ended by refute_operator:

str.wont_be :empty?

688
689
690
691
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 688

def refute_predicate o1, op, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(o1)} to not be #{op}" }
  refute o1.__send__(op), msg
end

#refute_respond_to(obj, meth, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj responds to the message meth.


696
697
698
699
700
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 696

def refute_respond_to obj, meth, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not respond to #{meth}" }

  refute obj.respond_to?(meth), msg
end

#refute_same(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if exp is the same (by object identity) as act.


705
706
707
708
709
710
711
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 705

def refute_same exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    data = [mu_pp(act), act.object_id, mu_pp(exp), exp.object_id]
    "Expected %s (oid=%d) to not be the same as %s (oid=%d)" % data
  }
  refute exp.equal?(act), msg
end

#skip(msg = nil, bt = caller) ⇒ Object

Skips the current test. Gets listed at the end of the run but doesn't cause a failure exit code.

Raises:


717
718
719
720
721
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 717

def skip msg = nil, bt = caller
  msg ||= "Skipped, no message given"
  @skip = true
  raise MiniTest::Skip, msg, bt
end

#skipped?Boolean

Was this testcase skipped? Meant for #teardown.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

726
727
728
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 726

def skipped?
  defined?(@skip) and @skip
end

#synchronizeObject

Takes a block and wraps it with the runner's shared mutex.


733
734
735
736
737
# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 733

def synchronize
  Minitest::Unit.runner.synchronize do
    yield
  end
end