Class: Pathname

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/pathname.rb,
lib/pathname.rb,
lib/pathname.rb,
pathname.c

Overview

  • FileUtils *

Constant Summary collapse

TO_PATH =

to_path is implemented so Pathname objects are usable with File.open, etc.

:to_path
SAME_PATHS =
if File::FNM_SYSCASE.nonzero?
  proc {|a, b| a.casecmp(b).zero?}
else
  proc {|a, b| a == b}
end
SEPARATOR_LIST =
"#{Regexp.quote File::SEPARATOR}"
SEPARATOR_PAT =
/#{Regexp.quote File::SEPARATOR}/

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initializeObject

Create a Pathname object from the given String (or String-like object). If path contains a NULL character (\0), an ArgumentError is raised.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 27

static VALUE
path_initialize(VALUE self, VALUE arg)
{
    VALUE str;
    if (RB_TYPE_P(arg, T_STRING)) {
        str = arg;
    }
    else {
        str = rb_check_funcall(arg, id_to_path, 0, NULL);
        if (str == Qundef)
            str = arg;
        StringValue(str);
    }
    if (memchr(RSTRING_PTR(str), '\0', RSTRING_LEN(str)))
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "pathname contains null byte");
    str = rb_obj_dup(str);

    set_strpath(self, str);
    OBJ_INFECT(self, str);
    return self;
}

Class Method Details

.getwdObject

Returns the current working directory as a Pathname.

Pathname.getwd

#=> #<Pathname:/home/zzak/projects/ruby>

See Dir.getwd.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1016

static VALUE
path_s_getwd(VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str;
    str = rb_funcall(rb_cDir, rb_intern("getwd"), 0);
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, klass);
}

.globObject

Returns or yields Pathname objects.

Pathname.glob("config/" "*.rb")

#=> [#<Pathname:config/environment.rb>, #<Pathname:config/routes.rb>, ..]

See Dir.glob.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 984

static VALUE
path_s_glob(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE args[2];
    int n;

    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &args[0], &args[1]);
    if (rb_block_given_p()) {
        return rb_block_call(rb_cDir, rb_intern("glob"), n, args, glob_i, klass);
    }
    else {
        VALUE ary;
        long i;
        ary = rb_funcall2(rb_cDir, rb_intern("glob"), n, args);
        ary = rb_convert_type(ary, T_ARRAY, "Array", "to_ary");
        for (i = 0; i < RARRAY_LEN(ary); i++) {
            VALUE elt = RARRAY_AREF(ary, i);
            elt = rb_class_new_instance(1, &elt, klass);
            rb_ary_store(ary, i, elt);
        }
        return ary;
    }
}

.pwdObject

Returns the current working directory as a Pathname.

Pathname.getwd

#=> #<Pathname:/home/zzak/projects/ruby>

See Dir.getwd.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1016

static VALUE
path_s_getwd(VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str;
    str = rb_funcall(rb_cDir, rb_intern("getwd"), 0);
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, klass);
}

Instance Method Details

#+(other) ⇒ Object

Appends a pathname fragment to self to produce a new Pathname object.

p1 = Pathname.new("/usr")      # Pathname:/usr
p2 = p1 + "bin/ruby"           # Pathname:/usr/bin/ruby
p3 = p1 + "/etc/passwd"        # Pathname:/etc/passwd

This method doesn't access the file system; it is pure string manipulation.


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 329

def +(other)
  other = Pathname.new(other) unless Pathname === other
  Pathname.new(plus(@path, other.to_s))
end

#<=>Object

Provides a case-sensitive comparison operator for pathnames.

Pathname.new('/usr') <=> Pathname.new('/usr/bin')

#=> -1

Pathname.new('/usr/bin') <=> Pathname.new('/usr/bin')

#=> 0

Pathname.new('/usr/bin') <=> Pathname.new('/USR/BIN')

#=> 1

It will return -1, 0 or 1 depending on the value of the left argument relative to the right argument. Or it will return nil if the arguments are not comparable.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 124

static VALUE
path_cmp(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    VALUE s1, s2;
    char *p1, *p2;
    char *e1, *e2;
    if (!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cPathname))
        return Qnil;
    s1 = get_strpath(self);
    s2 = get_strpath(other);
    p1 = RSTRING_PTR(s1);
    p2 = RSTRING_PTR(s2);
    e1 = p1 + RSTRING_LEN(s1);
    e2 = p2 + RSTRING_LEN(s2);
    while (p1 < e1 && p2 < e2) {
        int c1, c2;
        c1 = (unsigned char)*p1++;
        c2 = (unsigned char)*p2++;
        if (c1 == '/') c1 = '\0';
        if (c2 == '/') c2 = '\0';
        if (c1 != c2) {
            if (c1 < c2)
                return INT2FIX(-1);
            else
                return INT2FIX(1);
        }
    }
    if (p1 < e1)
        return INT2FIX(1);
    if (p2 < e2)
        return INT2FIX(-1);
    return INT2FIX(0);
}

#==Object

Compare this pathname with other. The comparison is string-based. Be aware that two different paths (foo.txt and ./foo.txt) can refer to the same file.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 102

static VALUE
path_eq(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    if (!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cPathname))
        return Qfalse;
    return rb_str_equal(get_strpath(self), get_strpath(other));
}

#===Object

Compare this pathname with other. The comparison is string-based. Be aware that two different paths (foo.txt and ./foo.txt) can refer to the same file.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 102

static VALUE
path_eq(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    if (!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cPathname))
        return Qfalse;
    return rb_str_equal(get_strpath(self), get_strpath(other));
}

#absolute?Boolean

Predicate method for testing whether a path is absolute.

It returns true if the pathname begins with a slash.

p = Pathname.new('/im/sure')
p.absolute?
    #=> true

p = Pathname.new('not/so/sure')
p.absolute?
    #=> false

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 224

def absolute?
  !relative?
end

#ascend {|_self| ... } ⇒ Object

Iterates over and yields a new Pathname object for each element in the given path in ascending order.

Pathname.new('/path/to/some/file.rb').ascend {|v| p v}
   #<Pathname:/path/to/some/file.rb>
   #<Pathname:/path/to/some>
   #<Pathname:/path/to>
   #<Pathname:/path>
   #<Pathname:/>

Pathname.new('path/to/some/file.rb').ascend {|v| p v}
   #<Pathname:path/to/some/file.rb>
   #<Pathname:path/to/some>
   #<Pathname:path/to>
   #<Pathname:path>

It doesn't access the filesystem.

Yields:

  • (_self)

Yield Parameters:

  • _self (Pathname)

    the object that the method was called on


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 310

def ascend
  path = @path
  yield self
  while r = chop_basename(path)
    path, = r
    break if path.empty?
    yield self.class.new(del_trailing_separator(path))
  end
end

#-Object

Returns the last access time for the file.

See File.atime.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 437

static VALUE
path_atime(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("atime"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#basenameObject

Returns the last component of the path.

See File.basename.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 681

static VALUE
path_basename(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    VALUE fext;
    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &fext) == 0)
        str = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("basename"), 1, str);
    else
        str = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("basename"), 2, str, fext);
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#binread([length [, offset]]) ⇒ String

Returns all the bytes from the file, or the first N if specified.

See IO.binread.

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 336

static VALUE
path_binread(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[3];
    int n;

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &args[1], &args[2]);
    return rb_funcall2(rb_cIO, rb_intern("binread"), 1+n, args);
}

#binwrite(string, [offset]) ⇒ Fixnum #binwrite(string, [offset], open_args) ⇒ Fixnum

Writes contents to the file, opening it in binary mode.

See IO.binwrite.

Overloads:

  • #binwrite(string, [offset]) ⇒ Fixnum

    Returns:

    • (Fixnum)
  • #binwrite(string, [offset], open_args) ⇒ Fixnum

    Returns:

    • (Fixnum)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 378

static VALUE
path_binwrite(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[4];
    int n;

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &args[1], &args[2], &args[3]);
    return rb_funcall2(rb_cIO, rb_intern("binwrite"), 1+n, args);
}

#blockdev?Boolean

See FileTest.blockdev?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 757

static VALUE
path_blockdev_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("blockdev?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#chardev?Boolean

See FileTest.chardev?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 766

static VALUE
path_chardev_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("chardev?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#children(with_directory = true) ⇒ Object

Returns the children of the directory (files and subdirectories, not recursive) as an array of Pathname objects.

By default, the returned pathnames will have enough information to access the files. If you set with_directory to false, then the returned pathnames will contain the filename only.

For example:

pn = Pathname("/usr/lib/ruby/1.8")
pn.children
    # -> [ Pathname:/usr/lib/ruby/1.8/English.rb,
           Pathname:/usr/lib/ruby/1.8/Env.rb,
           Pathname:/usr/lib/ruby/1.8/abbrev.rb, ... ]
pn.children(false)
    # -> [ Pathname:English.rb, Pathname:Env.rb, Pathname:abbrev.rb, ... ]

Note that the results never contain the entries . and .. in the directory because they are not children.


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 419

def children(with_directory=true)
  with_directory = false if @path == '.'
  result = []
  Dir.foreach(@path) {|e|
    next if e == '.' || e == '..'
    if with_directory
      result << self.class.new(File.join(@path, e))
    else
      result << self.class.new(e)
    end
  }
  result
end

#-Object

Changes file permissions.

See File.chmod.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 479

static VALUE
path_chmod(VALUE self, VALUE mode)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("chmod"), 2, mode, get_strpath(self));
}

#-Object

Change owner and group of the file.

See File.chown.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 507

static VALUE
path_chown(VALUE self, VALUE owner, VALUE group)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("chown"), 3, owner, group, get_strpath(self));
}

#cleanpath(consider_symlink = false) ⇒ Object

Returns clean pathname of self with consecutive slashes and useless dots removed. The filesystem is not accessed.

If consider_symlink is true, then a more conservative algorithm is used to avoid breaking symbolic linkages. This may retain more .. entries than absolutely necessary, but without accessing the filesystem, this can't be avoided.

See Pathname#realpath.


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 86

def cleanpath(consider_symlink=false)
  if consider_symlink
    cleanpath_conservative
  else
    cleanpath_aggressive
  end
end

#-Object

Returns the last change time, using directory information, not the file itself.

See File.ctime.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 451

static VALUE
path_ctime(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("ctime"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#deleteObject

Removes a file or directory, using File.unlink if self is a file, or Dir.unlink as necessary.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1143

static VALUE
path_unlink(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE eENOTDIR = rb_const_get_at(rb_mErrno, rb_intern("ENOTDIR"));
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    return rb_rescue2(unlink_body, str, unlink_rescue, str, eENOTDIR, (VALUE)0);
}

#descendObject

Iterates over and yields a new Pathname object for each element in the given path in descending order.

Pathname.new('/path/to/some/file.rb').descend {|v| p v}
   #<Pathname:/>
   #<Pathname:/path>
   #<Pathname:/path/to>
   #<Pathname:/path/to/some>
   #<Pathname:/path/to/some/file.rb>

Pathname.new('path/to/some/file.rb').descend {|v| p v}
   #<Pathname:path>
   #<Pathname:path/to>
   #<Pathname:path/to/some>
   #<Pathname:path/to/some/file.rb>

It doesn't access the filesystem.


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 285

def descend
  vs = []
  ascend {|v| vs << v }
  vs.reverse_each {|v| yield v }
  nil
end

#directory?Boolean

See FileTest.directory?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 811

static VALUE
path_directory_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("directory?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#dirnameObject

Returns all but the last component of the path.

See File.dirname.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 698

static VALUE
path_dirname(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    str = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("dirname"), 1, str);
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#each_child(with_directory = true, &b) ⇒ Object

Iterates over the children of the directory (files and subdirectories, not recursive).

It yields Pathname object for each child.

By default, the yielded pathnames will have enough information to access the files.

If you set with_directory to false, then the returned pathnames will contain the filename only.

Pathname("/usr/local").each_child {|f| p f }
#=> #<Pathname:/usr/local/share>
#   #<Pathname:/usr/local/bin>
#   #<Pathname:/usr/local/games>
#   #<Pathname:/usr/local/lib>
#   #<Pathname:/usr/local/include>
#   #<Pathname:/usr/local/sbin>
#   #<Pathname:/usr/local/src>
#   #<Pathname:/usr/local/man>

Pathname("/usr/local").each_child(false) {|f| p f }
#=> #<Pathname:share>
#   #<Pathname:bin>
#   #<Pathname:games>
#   #<Pathname:lib>
#   #<Pathname:include>
#   #<Pathname:sbin>
#   #<Pathname:src>
#   #<Pathname:man>

Note that the results never contain the entries . and .. in the directory because they are not children.

See Pathname#children


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 469

def each_child(with_directory=true, &b)
  children(with_directory).each(&b)
end

#each_entryObject

Iterates over the entries (files and subdirectories) in the directory, yielding a Pathname object for each entry.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1118

static VALUE
path_each_entry(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[1];

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    return rb_block_call(rb_cDir, rb_intern("foreach"), 1, args, each_entry_i, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#each_filenameObject

Iterates over each component of the path.

Pathname.new("/usr/bin/ruby").each_filename {|filename| ... }
  # yields "usr", "bin", and "ruby".

Returns an Enumerator if no block was given.

enum = Pathname.new("/usr/bin/ruby").each_filename
  # ... do stuff ...
enum.each { |e| ... }
  # yields "usr", "bin", and "ruby".

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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 260

def each_filename # :yield: filename
  return to_enum(__method__) unless block_given?
  _, names = split_names(@path)
  names.each {|filename| yield filename }
  nil
end

#each_line {|line| ... } ⇒ Object #each_line(sep = $/[, open_args]) {|line| ... } ⇒ nil #each_line(limit[, open_args]) {|line| ... } ⇒ nil #each_line(sep, limit[, open_args]) {|line| ... } ⇒ nil #each_line(...) ⇒ Object

Iterates over each line in the file and yields a String object for each.

Overloads:

  • #each_line {|line| ... } ⇒ Object

    Yields:

    • (line)
  • #each_line(sep = $/[, open_args]) {|line| ... } ⇒ nil

    Yields:

    • (line)

    Returns:

    • (nil)
  • #each_line(limit[, open_args]) {|line| ... } ⇒ nil

    Yields:

    • (line)

    Returns:

    • (nil)
  • #each_line(sep, limit[, open_args]) {|line| ... } ⇒ nil

    Yields:

    • (line)

    Returns:

    • (nil)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 290

static VALUE
path_each_line(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[4];
    int n;

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &args[1], &args[2], &args[3]);
    if (rb_block_given_p()) {
        return rb_block_call(rb_cIO, rb_intern("foreach"), 1+n, args, 0, 0);
    }
    else {
        return rb_funcall2(rb_cIO, rb_intern("foreach"), 1+n, args);
    }
}

#entriesObject

Return the entries (files and subdirectories) in the directory, each as a Pathname object.

The results contains just the names in the directory, without any trailing slashes or recursive look-up.

pp Pathname.new('/usr/local').entries
#=> [#<Pathname:share>,
#    #<Pathname:lib>,
#    #<Pathname:..>,
#    #<Pathname:include>,
#    #<Pathname:etc>,
#    #<Pathname:bin>,
#    #<Pathname:man>,
#    #<Pathname:games>,
#    #<Pathname:.>,
#    #<Pathname:sbin>,
#    #<Pathname:src>]

The result may contain the current directory #<Pathname:.> and the parent directory #<Pathname:..>.

If you don't want . and .. and want directories, consider Pathname#children.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1050

static VALUE
path_entries(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE klass, str, ary;
    long i;
    klass = rb_obj_class(self);
    str = get_strpath(self);
    ary = rb_funcall(rb_cDir, rb_intern("entries"), 1, str);
    ary = rb_convert_type(ary, T_ARRAY, "Array", "to_ary");
    for (i = 0; i < RARRAY_LEN(ary); i++) {
	VALUE elt = RARRAY_AREF(ary, i);
        elt = rb_class_new_instance(1, &elt, klass);
        rb_ary_store(ary, i, elt);
    }
    return ary;
}

#eql?Boolean

Compare this pathname with other. The comparison is string-based. Be aware that two different paths (foo.txt and ./foo.txt) can refer to the same file.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 102

static VALUE
path_eq(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    if (!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cPathname))
        return Qfalse;
    return rb_str_equal(get_strpath(self), get_strpath(other));
}

#executable?Boolean

See FileTest.executable?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 775

static VALUE
path_executable_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("executable?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#executable_real?Boolean

See FileTest.executable_real?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 784

static VALUE
path_executable_real_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("executable_real?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#exist?Boolean

See FileTest.exist?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 793

static VALUE
path_exist_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("exist?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#expand_pathObject

Returns the absolute path for the file.

See File.expand_path.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 723

static VALUE
path_expand_path(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    VALUE dname;
    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &dname) == 0)
        str = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("expand_path"), 1, str);
    else
        str = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("expand_path"), 2, str, dname);
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#extnameObject

Returns the file's extension.

See File.extname.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 711

static VALUE
path_extname(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("extname"), 1, str);
}

#file?Boolean

See FileTest.file?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 820

static VALUE
path_file_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("file?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#findObject

Iterates over the directory tree in a depth first manner, yielding a Pathname for each file under “this” directory.

Returns an Enumerator if no block is given.

Since it is implemented by the standard library module Find, Find.prune can be used to control the traversal.

If self is ., yielded pathnames begin with a filename in the current directory, not ./.

See Find.find


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 537

def find # :yield: pathname
  return to_enum(__method__) unless block_given?
  require 'find'
  if @path == '.'
    Find.find(@path) {|f| yield self.class.new(f.sub(%r{\A\./}, '')) }
  else
    Find.find(@path) {|f| yield self.class.new(f) }
  end
end

#fnmatch(pattern, [flags]) ⇒ String #fnmatch?(pattern, [flags]) ⇒ String

Return true if the receiver matches the given pattern.

See File.fnmatch.

Overloads:

  • #fnmatch(pattern, [flags]) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)
  • #fnmatch?(pattern, [flags]) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 536

static VALUE
path_fnmatch(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    VALUE pattern, flags;
    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &pattern, &flags) == 1)
        return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("fnmatch"), 2, pattern, str);
    else
        return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("fnmatch"), 3, pattern, str, flags);
}

#fnmatch(pattern, [flags]) ⇒ String #fnmatch?(pattern, [flags]) ⇒ String

Return true if the receiver matches the given pattern.

See File.fnmatch.

Overloads:

  • #fnmatch(pattern, [flags]) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)
  • #fnmatch?(pattern, [flags]) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 536

static VALUE
path_fnmatch(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    VALUE pattern, flags;
    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &pattern, &flags) == 1)
        return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("fnmatch"), 2, pattern, str);
    else
        return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("fnmatch"), 3, pattern, str, flags);
}

#freezeObject

Freezes this Pathname.

See Object.freeze.

Returns:

  • (Object)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 57

static VALUE
path_freeze(VALUE self)
{
    rb_call_super(0, 0);
    rb_str_freeze(get_strpath(self));
    return self;
}

#-Object

Returns “type” of file (“file”, “directory”, etc).

See File.ftype.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 555

static VALUE
path_ftype(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("ftype"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#grpowned?Boolean

See FileTest.grpowned?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 802

static VALUE
path_grpowned_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("grpowned?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#hashObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'pathname.c', line 159

static VALUE
path_hash(VALUE self)
{
    return INT2FIX(rb_str_hash(get_strpath(self)));
}

#inspectObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'pathname.c', line 181

static VALUE
path_inspect(VALUE self)
{
    const char *c = rb_obj_classname(self);
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    return rb_sprintf("#<%s:%"PRIsVALUE">", c, str);
}

#join(*args) ⇒ Object

Joins the given pathnames onto self to create a new Pathname object.

path0 = Pathname.new("/usr")                # Pathname:/usr
path0 = path0.join("bin/ruby")              # Pathname:/usr/bin/ruby
    # is the same as
path1 = Pathname.new("/usr") + "bin/ruby"   # Pathname:/usr/bin/ruby
path0 == path1
    #=> true

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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 386

def join(*args)
  args.unshift self
  result = args.pop
  result = Pathname.new(result) unless Pathname === result
  return result if result.absolute?
  args.reverse_each {|arg|
    arg = Pathname.new(arg) unless Pathname === arg
    result = arg + result
    return result if result.absolute?
  }
  result
end

#-Object

Same as Pathname.chmod, but does not follow symbolic links.

See File.lchmod.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 493

static VALUE
path_lchmod(VALUE self, VALUE mode)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("lchmod"), 2, mode, get_strpath(self));
}

#-Object

Same as Pathname.chown, but does not follow symbolic links.

See File.lchown.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 521

static VALUE
path_lchown(VALUE self, VALUE owner, VALUE group)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("lchown"), 3, owner, group, get_strpath(self));
}

#lstatObject

See File.lstat.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 634

static VALUE
path_lstat(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("lstat"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

Creates a hard link at pathname.

See File.link.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 569

static VALUE
path_make_link(VALUE self, VALUE old)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("link"), 2, old, get_strpath(self));
}

Creates a symbolic link.

See File.symlink.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 648

static VALUE
path_make_symlink(VALUE self, VALUE old)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("symlink"), 2, old, get_strpath(self));
}

#mkdirObject

Create the referenced directory.

See Dir.mkdir.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1072

static VALUE
path_mkdir(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    VALUE vmode;
    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &vmode) == 0)
        return rb_funcall(rb_cDir, rb_intern("mkdir"), 1, str);
    else
        return rb_funcall(rb_cDir, rb_intern("mkdir"), 2, str, vmode);
}

#mkpathObject

Creates a full path, including any intermediate directories that don't yet exist.

See FileUtils.mkpath and FileUtils.mkdir_p


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 554

def mkpath
  require 'fileutils'
  FileUtils.mkpath(@path)
  nil
end

#mountpoint?Boolean

Returns true if self points to a mountpoint.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 191

def mountpoint?
  begin
    stat1 = self.lstat
    stat2 = self.parent.lstat
    stat1.dev == stat2.dev && stat1.ino == stat2.ino ||
      stat1.dev != stat2.dev
  rescue Errno::ENOENT
    false
  end
end

#-Object

Returns the last modified time of the file.

See File.mtime.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 465

static VALUE
path_mtime(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("mtime"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#openObject

Opens the file for reading or writing.

See File.open.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 580

static VALUE
path_open(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[4];
    int n;

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &args[1], &args[2], &args[3]);
    if (rb_block_given_p()) {
        return rb_block_call(rb_cFile, rb_intern("open"), 1+n, args, 0, 0);
    }
    else {
        return rb_funcall2(rb_cFile, rb_intern("open"), 1+n, args);
    }
}

#opendirObject

Opens the referenced directory.

See Dir.open.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1099

static VALUE
path_opendir(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[1];

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    return rb_block_call(rb_cDir, rb_intern("open"), 1, args, 0, 0);
}

#owned?Boolean

See FileTest.owned?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 847

static VALUE
path_owned_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("owned?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#parentObject

Returns the parent directory.

This is same as self + '..'.


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 186

def parent
  self + '..'
end

#pipe?Boolean

See FileTest.pipe?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 829

static VALUE
path_pipe_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("pipe?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#read([length [, offset]]) ⇒ String #read([length [, offset]], open_args) ⇒ String

Returns all data from the file, or the first N bytes if specified.

See IO.read.

Overloads:

  • #read([length [, offset]]) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)
  • #read([length [, offset]], open_args) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 316

static VALUE
path_read(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[4];
    int n;

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &args[1], &args[2], &args[3]);
    return rb_funcall2(rb_cIO, rb_intern("read"), 1+n, args);
}

#readable?Boolean

See FileTest.readable?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 856

static VALUE
path_readable_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("readable?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#readable_real?Boolean

See FileTest.readable_real?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 874

static VALUE
path_readable_real_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("readable_real?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#readlines(sep = $/[, open_args]) ⇒ Array #readlines(limit[, open_args]) ⇒ Array #readlines(sep, limit[, open_args]) ⇒ Array

Returns all the lines from the file.

See IO.readlines.

Overloads:

  • #readlines(sep = $/[, open_args]) ⇒ Array

    Returns:

    • (Array)
  • #readlines(limit[, open_args]) ⇒ Array

    Returns:

    • (Array)
  • #readlines(sep, limit[, open_args]) ⇒ Array

    Returns:

    • (Array)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 400

static VALUE
path_readlines(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[4];
    int n;

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &args[1], &args[2], &args[3]);
    return rb_funcall2(rb_cIO, rb_intern("readlines"), 1+n, args);
}

Read symbolic link.

See File.readlink.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 601

static VALUE
path_readlink(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str;
    str = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("readlink"), 1, get_strpath(self));
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#realdirpathObject

Returns the real (absolute) pathname of self in the actual filesystem.

Does not contain symlinks or useless dots, .. and ..

The last component of the real pathname can be nonexistent.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 271

static VALUE
path_realdirpath(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE basedir, str;
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &basedir);
    str = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("realdirpath"), 2, get_strpath(self), basedir);
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#realpathObject

Returns the real (absolute) pathname for self in the actual filesystem.

Does not contain symlinks or useless dots, .. and ..

All components of the pathname must exist when this method is called.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 255

static VALUE
path_realpath(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE basedir, str;
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &basedir);
    str = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("realpath"), 2, get_strpath(self), basedir);
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#relative?Boolean

The opposite of Pathname#absolute?

It returns false if the pathname begins with a slash.

p = Pathname.new('/im/sure')
p.relative?
    #=> false

p = Pathname.new('not/so/sure')
p.relative?
    #=> true

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 239

def relative?
  path = @path
  while r = chop_basename(path)
    path, = r
  end
  path == ''
end

#relative_path_from(base_directory) ⇒ Object

Returns a relative path from the given base_directory to the receiver.

If self is absolute, then base_directory must be absolute too.

If self is relative, then base_directory must be relative too.

This method doesn't access the filesystem. It assumes no symlinks.

ArgumentError is raised when it cannot find a relative path.


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 484

def relative_path_from(base_directory)
  dest_directory = self.cleanpath.to_s
  base_directory = base_directory.cleanpath.to_s
  dest_prefix = dest_directory
  dest_names = []
  while r = chop_basename(dest_prefix)
    dest_prefix, basename = r
    dest_names.unshift basename if basename != '.'
  end
  base_prefix = base_directory
  base_names = []
  while r = chop_basename(base_prefix)
    base_prefix, basename = r
    base_names.unshift basename if basename != '.'
  end
  unless SAME_PATHS[dest_prefix, base_prefix]
    raise ArgumentError, "different prefix: #{dest_prefix.inspect} and #{base_directory.inspect}"
  end
  while !dest_names.empty? &&
        !base_names.empty? &&
        SAME_PATHS[dest_names.first, base_names.first]
    dest_names.shift
    base_names.shift
  end
  if base_names.include? '..'
    raise ArgumentError, "base_directory has ..: #{base_directory.inspect}"
  end
  base_names.fill('..')
  relpath_names = base_names + dest_names
  if relpath_names.empty?
    Pathname.new('.')
  else
    Pathname.new(File.join(*relpath_names))
  end
end

#renameObject

Rename the file.

See File.rename.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 614

static VALUE
path_rename(VALUE self, VALUE to)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("rename"), 2, get_strpath(self), to);
}

#rmdirObject

Remove the referenced directory.

See Dir.rmdir.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1088

static VALUE
path_rmdir(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cDir, rb_intern("rmdir"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#rmtreeObject

Recursively deletes a directory, including all directories beneath it.

See FileUtils.rm_r


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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 563

def rmtree
  # The name "rmtree" is borrowed from File::Path of Perl.
  # File::Path provides "mkpath" and "rmtree".
  require 'fileutils'
  FileUtils.rm_r(@path)
  nil
end

#root?Boolean

Predicate method for root directories. Returns true if the pathname consists of consecutive slashes.

It doesn't access the filesystem. So it may return false for some pathnames which points to roots such as /usr/...

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/pathname.rb', line 209

def root?
  !!(chop_basename(@path) == nil && /#{SEPARATOR_PAT}/o =~ @path)
end

#setgid?Boolean

See FileTest.setgid?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 892

static VALUE
path_setgid_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("setgid?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#setuid?Boolean

See FileTest.setuid?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 883

static VALUE
path_setuid_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("setuid?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#sizeObject

See FileTest.size.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 901

static VALUE
path_size(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("size"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#size?Boolean

See FileTest.size?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 910

static VALUE
path_size_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("size?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#socket?Boolean

See FileTest.socket?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 838

static VALUE
path_socket_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("socket?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#splitObject

Returns the #dirname and the #basename in an Array.

See File.split.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 740

static VALUE
path_split(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    VALUE ary, dirname, basename;
    ary = rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("split"), 1, str);
    ary = rb_check_array_type(ary);
    dirname = rb_ary_entry(ary, 0);
    basename = rb_ary_entry(ary, 1);
    dirname = rb_class_new_instance(1, &dirname, rb_obj_class(self));
    basename = rb_class_new_instance(1, &basename, rb_obj_class(self));
    return rb_ary_new3(2, dirname, basename);
}

#statObject

Returns a File::Stat object.

See File.stat.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 625

static VALUE
path_stat(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("stat"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#sticky?Boolean

See FileTest.sticky?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 919

static VALUE
path_sticky_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("sticky?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#subObject

Return a pathname which is substituted by String#sub.

path1 = Pathname.new('/usr/bin/perl') path1.sub('perl', 'ruby')

#=> #<Pathname:/usr/bin/ruby>

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# File 'pathname.c', line 196

static VALUE
path_sub(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);

    if (rb_block_given_p()) {
        str = rb_block_call(str, rb_intern("sub"), argc, argv, 0, 0);
    }
    else {
        str = rb_funcall2(str, rb_intern("sub"), argc, argv);
    }
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#sub_extObject

Return a pathname with repl added as a suffix to the basename.

If self has no extension part, repl is appended.

Pathname.new('/usr/bin/shutdown').sub_ext('.rb')

#=> #<Pathname:/usr/bin/shutdown.rb>

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# File 'pathname.c', line 218

static VALUE
path_sub_ext(VALUE self, VALUE repl)
{
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    VALUE str2;
    long extlen;
    const char *ext;
    const char *p;

    StringValue(repl);
    p = RSTRING_PTR(str);
    extlen = RSTRING_LEN(str);
    ext = ruby_enc_find_extname(p, &extlen, rb_enc_get(str));
    if (ext == NULL) {
        ext = p + RSTRING_LEN(str);
    }
    else if (extlen <= 1) {
        ext += extlen;
    }
    str2 = rb_str_subseq(str, 0, ext-p);
    rb_str_append(str2, repl);
    OBJ_INFECT(str2, str);
    return rb_class_new_instance(1, &str2, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#symlink?Boolean

See FileTest.symlink?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 928

static VALUE
path_symlink_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("symlink?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#sysopen([mode, [perm]]) ⇒ Fixnum

See IO.sysopen.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 418

static VALUE
path_sysopen(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[3];
    int n;

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &args[1], &args[2]);
    return rb_funcall2(rb_cIO, rb_intern("sysopen"), 1+n, args);
}

#taintObject

Taints this Pathname.

See Object.taint.

Returns:

  • (Object)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 73

static VALUE
path_taint(VALUE self)
{
    rb_call_super(0, 0);
    rb_obj_taint(get_strpath(self));
    return self;
}

#to_sString #to_pathString

Return the path as a String.

to_path is implemented so Pathname objects are usable with File.open, etc.

Overloads:

  • #to_sString

    Returns:

    • (String)
  • #to_pathString

    Returns:

    • (String)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 174

static VALUE
path_to_s(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_obj_dup(get_strpath(self));
}

#to_sString #to_pathString

Return the path as a String.

to_path is implemented so Pathname objects are usable with File.open, etc.

Overloads:

  • #to_sString

    Returns:

    • (String)
  • #to_pathString

    Returns:

    • (String)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 174

static VALUE
path_to_s(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_obj_dup(get_strpath(self));
}

#truncateObject

Truncates the file to length bytes.

See File.truncate.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 659

static VALUE
path_truncate(VALUE self, VALUE length)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("truncate"), 2, get_strpath(self), length);
}

Removes a file or directory, using File.unlink if self is a file, or Dir.unlink as necessary.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 1143

static VALUE
path_unlink(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE eENOTDIR = rb_const_get_at(rb_mErrno, rb_intern("ENOTDIR"));
    VALUE str = get_strpath(self);
    return rb_rescue2(unlink_body, str, unlink_rescue, str, eENOTDIR, (VALUE)0);
}

#untaintObject

Untaints this Pathname.

See Object.untaint.

Returns:

  • (Object)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 89

static VALUE
path_untaint(VALUE self)
{
    rb_call_super(0, 0);
    rb_obj_untaint(get_strpath(self));
    return self;
}

#utimeObject

Update the access and modification times of the file.

See File.utime.


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# File 'pathname.c', line 670

static VALUE
path_utime(VALUE self, VALUE atime, VALUE mtime)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_cFile, rb_intern("utime"), 3, atime, mtime, get_strpath(self));
}

#world_readable?Boolean

See FileTest.world_readable?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 865

static VALUE
path_world_readable_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("world_readable?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#world_writable?Boolean

See FileTest.world_writable?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 946

static VALUE
path_world_writable_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("world_writable?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#writable?Boolean

See FileTest.writable?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 937

static VALUE
path_writable_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("writable?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#writable_real?Boolean

See FileTest.writable_real?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 955

static VALUE
path_writable_real_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("writable_real?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}

#write(string, [offset]) ⇒ Fixnum #write(string, [offset], open_args) ⇒ Fixnum

Writes contents to the file.

See IO.write.

Overloads:

  • #write(string, [offset]) ⇒ Fixnum

    Returns:

    • (Fixnum)
  • #write(string, [offset], open_args) ⇒ Fixnum

    Returns:

    • (Fixnum)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 357

static VALUE
path_write(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE args[4];
    int n;

    args[0] = get_strpath(self);
    n = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &args[1], &args[2], &args[3]);
    return rb_funcall2(rb_cIO, rb_intern("write"), 1+n, args);
}

#zero?Boolean

See FileTest.zero?.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'pathname.c', line 964

static VALUE
path_zero_p(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_funcall(rb_mFileTest, rb_intern("zero?"), 1, get_strpath(self));
}