Module: Git

Defined in:
lib/git.rb,
lib/git/lib.rb,
lib/git/log.rb,
lib/git/url.rb,
lib/git/base.rb,
lib/git/diff.rb,
lib/git/path.rb,
lib/git/index.rb,
lib/git/stash.rb,
lib/git/author.rb,
lib/git/branch.rb,
lib/git/config.rb,
lib/git/object.rb,
lib/git/remote.rb,
lib/git/status.rb,
lib/git/stashes.rb,
lib/git/version.rb,
lib/git/branches.rb,
lib/git/worktree.rb,
lib/git/worktrees.rb,
lib/git/repository.rb,
lib/git/base/factory.rb,
lib/git/escaped_path.rb,
lib/git/encoding_utils.rb,
lib/git/working_directory.rb

Overview

The Git module provides the basic functions to open a git reference to work with. You can open a working directory, open a bare repository, initialize a new repo or clone an existing remote repository.

Author:

Defined Under Namespace

Modules: EncodingUtils Classes: Author, Base, Branch, Branches, Config, Diff, EscapedPath, GitAltURI, GitExecuteError, GitTagNameDoesNotExist, Index, Lib, Log, Object, Path, Remote, Repository, Stash, Stashes, Status, URL, WorkingDirectory, Worktree, Worktrees

Constant Summary collapse

VERSION =

The current gem version

Returns:

  • (String)

    the current gem version.

'1.12.0'

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.bare(git_dir, options = {}) ⇒ Git::Base

Open a bare repository

Opens a bare repository located in the git_dir directory. Since there is no working copy, you can not checkout or commit but you can do most read operations.

Examples:

Open a bare repository and retrieve the first commit SHA

repository = Git.bare('ruby-git.git')
puts repository.log[0].sha #=> "64c6fa011d3287bab9158049c85f3e85718854a0"

Parameters:

  • git_dir (Pathname)

    The path to the bare repository directory containing an initialized Git repository. If a relative path is given, it is converted to an absolute path using File.expand_path.

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})

    The options for this command (see list of valid options below)

Options Hash (options):

  • :log (Logger)

    A logger to use for Git operations. Git commands are logged at the :info level. Additional logging is done at the :debug level.

Returns:

  • (Git::Base)

    an object that can execute git commands in the context of the bare repository.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 101

def self.bare(git_dir, options = {})
  Base.bare(git_dir, options)
end

.clone(repository_url, directory = nil, options = {}) ⇒ Git::Base

Clone a repository into an empty or newly created directory

Examples:

Clone into the default directory ruby-git

git = Git.clone('https://github.com/ruby-git/ruby-git.git')

Clone and then checkout the development branch

git = Git.clone('https://github.com/ruby-git/ruby-git.git', branch: 'development')

Clone into a different directory my-ruby-git

git = Git.clone('https://github.com/ruby-git/ruby-git.git', 'my-ruby-git')
# or:
git = Git.clone('https://github.com/ruby-git/ruby-git.git', path: 'my-ruby-git')

Create a bare repository in the directory ruby-git.git

git = Git.clone('https://github.com/ruby-git/ruby-git.git', bare: true)

Parameters:

  • repository_url (URI, Pathname)

    The (possibly remote) repository url to clone from. See GIT URLS for more information.

  • directory (Pathname, nil) (defaults to: nil)

    The directory to clone into

    If directory is a relative directory it is relative to the path option if given. If path is not given, directory is relative to the current working directory.

    If nil, directory will be set to the basename of the last component of the path from the repository_url. For example, for the URL: https://github.com/org/repo.git, directory will be set to repo.

    If the last component of the path is .git, the next-to-last component of the path is used. For example, for the URL /Users/me/foo/.git, directory will be set to foo.

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})

    The options for this command (see list of valid options below)

Options Hash (options):

  • :bare (Boolean)

    Make a bare Git repository. See what is a bare repository?.

  • :branch (String)

    The name of a branch or tag to checkout instead of the default branch.

  • :depth (Integer)

    Create a shallow clone with a history truncated to the specified number of commits.

  • :log (Logger)

    A logger to use for Git operations. Git commands are logged at the :info level. Additional logging is done at the :debug level.

  • :mirror (Boolean)

    Set up a mirror of the source repository.

  • :origin (String)

    Use the value instead origin to track the upstream repository.

  • :path (Pathname)

    The directory to clone into. May be used as an alternative to the directory parameter. If specified, the path option is used instead of the directory parameter.

  • :recursive (Boolean)

    After the clone is created, initialize all submodules within, using their default settings.

Returns:

  • (Git::Base)

    an object that can execute git commands in the context of the cloned local working copy or cloned repository.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 173

def self.clone(repository_url, directory = nil, options = {})
  clone_to_options = options.select { |key, _value| %i[bare mirror].include?(key) }
  directory ||= Git::URL.clone_to(repository_url, **clone_to_options)
  Base.clone(repository_url, directory, options)
end

.config


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 65

def self.config
  return Base.config
end

.configure {|Base.config| ... }

Yields:


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 61

def self.configure
  yield Base.config
end

.export(repository, name, options = {})

Export the current HEAD (or a branch, if options[:branch] is specified) into the +name+ directory, then remove all traces of git from the directory.

See +clone+ for options. Does not obey the :remote option, since the .git info will be deleted anyway; always uses the default remote, 'origin.'


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 186

def self.export(repository, name, options = {})
  options.delete(:remote)
  repo = clone(repository, name, {:depth => 1}.merge(options))
  repo.checkout("origin/#{options[:branch]}") if options[:branch]
  Dir.chdir(repo.dir.to_s) { FileUtils.rm_r '.git' }
end

.global_config(name = nil, value = nil)

Same as g.config, but forces it to be at the global level

g.config('user.name', 'Scott Chacon') # sets value g.config('user.email', '[email protected]') # sets value g.config('user.name') # returns 'Scott Chacon' g.config # returns whole config hash


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 199

def self.global_config(name = nil, value = nil)
  lib = Git::Lib.new(nil, nil)
  if(name && value)
    # set value
    lib.global_config_set(name, value)
  elsif (name)
    # return value
    lib.global_config_get(name)
  else
    # return hash
    lib.global_config_list
  end
end

.init(directory = '.', options = {}) ⇒ Git::Base

Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing Git repository

Examples:

Initialize a repository in the current directory

git = Git.init

Initialize a repository in some other directory

git = Git.init '~/code/ruby-git'

Initialize a bare repository

git = Git.init '~/code/ruby-git.git', bare: true

Initialize a repository in a non-default location (outside of the working copy)

git = Git.init '~/code/ruby-git', repository: '~/code/ruby-git.git'

Parameters:

  • directory (Pathname) (defaults to: '.')

    If the :bare option is NOT given or is not true, the repository will be created in "#{directory}/.git". Otherwise, the repository is created in "#{directory}".

    All directories along the path to directory are created if they do not exist.

    A relative path is referenced from the current working directory of the process and converted to an absolute path using File.expand_path.

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})

    The options for this command (see list of valid options below)

Options Hash (options):

  • :bare (Boolean)

    Instead of creating a repository at "#{directory}/.git", create a bare repository at "#{directory}". See what is a bare repository?.

  • :initial_branch (String)

    Use the specified name for the initial branch in the newly created repository.

  • :repository (Pathname)

    the path to put the newly initialized Git repository. The default for non-bare repository is "#{directory}/.git".

    A relative path is referenced from the current working directory of the process and converted to an absolute path using File.expand_path.

  • :log (Logger)

    A logger to use for Git operations. Git commands are logged at the :info level. Additional logging is done at the :debug level.

Returns:

  • (Git::Base)

    an object that can execute git commands in the context of the newly initialized repository

See Also:


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 263

def self.init(directory = '.', options = {})
  Base.init(directory, options)
end

.ls_remote(location = nil, options = {}) ⇒ {String=>Hash}

returns a Hash containing information about the references of the target repository

options :refs

Parameters:

  • location (String|NilClass) (defaults to: nil)

    the target repository location or nil for '.'

Returns:

  • ({String=>Hash})

    the available references of the target repo.


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 275

def self.ls_remote(location = nil, options = {})
  Git::Lib.new.ls_remote(location, options)
end

.open(working_dir, options = {}) ⇒ Git::Base

Open a an existing Git working directory

Git.open will most likely be the most common way to create a git reference, referring to an existing working directory.

If not provided in the options, the library will assume the repository and index are in the default places (.git/, .git/index).

Examples:

Open the Git working directory in the current directory

git = Git.open

Open a Git working directory in some other directory

git = Git.open('~/Projects/ruby-git')

Use a logger to see what is going on

logger = Logger.new(STDOUT)
git = Git.open('~/Projects/ruby-git', log: logger)

Open a working copy whose repository is in a non-standard directory

git = Git.open('~/Projects/ruby-git', repository: '~/Project/ruby-git.git')

Parameters:

  • working_dir (Pathname)

    the path to the working directory to use for git commands.

    A relative path is referenced from the current working directory of the process and converted to an absolute path using File.expand_path.

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})

    The options for this command (see list of valid options below)

Options Hash (options):

  • :repository (Pathname)

    used to specify a non-standard path to the repository directory. The default is "#{working_dir}/.git".

  • :index (Pathname)

    used to specify a non-standard path to an index file. The default is "#{working_dir}/.git/index"

  • :log (Logger)

    A logger to use for Git operations. Git commands are logged at the :info level. Additional logging is done at the :debug level.

Returns:

  • (Git::Base)

    an object that can execute git commands in the context of the opened working copy


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 323

def self.open(working_dir, options = {})
  Base.open(working_dir, options)
end

Instance Method Details

#config(name = nil, value = nil)

g.config('user.name', 'Scott Chacon') # sets value g.config('user.email', '[email protected]') # sets value g.config('user.name') # returns 'Scott Chacon' g.config # returns whole config hash


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 47

def config(name = nil, value = nil)
  lib = Git::Lib.new
  if(name && value)
    # set value
    lib.config_set(name, value)
  elsif (name)
    # return value
    lib.config_get(name)
  else
    # return hash
    lib.config_list
  end
end

#global_config(name = nil, value = nil)


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# File 'lib/git.rb', line 69

def global_config(name = nil, value = nil)
  self.class.global_config(name, value)
end