Class: Net::HTTPResponse

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
HTTPHeader
Defined in:
lib/net/http/response.rb,
lib/net/http/responses.rb

Overview

frozen_string_literal: false HTTP response class.

This class wraps together the response header and the response body (the entity requested).

It mixes in the HTTPHeader module, which provides access to response header values both via hash-like methods and via individual readers.

Note that each possible HTTP response code defines its own HTTPResponse subclass. All classes are defined under the Net module. Indentation indicates inheritance. For a list of the classes see Net::HTTP.

Correspondence HTTP code => class is stored in CODE_TO_OBJ constant:

Net::HTTPResponse::CODE_TO_OBJ['404'] #=> Net::HTTPNotFound

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Inflater

Constant Summary collapse

CODE_CLASS_TO_OBJ =
{
  '1' => Net::HTTPInformation,
  '2' => Net::HTTPSuccess,
  '3' => Net::HTTPRedirection,
  '4' => Net::HTTPClientError,
  '5' => Net::HTTPServerError
}
CODE_TO_OBJ =
{
  '100' => Net::HTTPContinue,
  '101' => Net::HTTPSwitchProtocol,
  '102' => Net::HTTPProcessing,
  '103' => Net::HTTPEarlyHints,

  '200' => Net::HTTPOK,
  '201' => Net::HTTPCreated,
  '202' => Net::HTTPAccepted,
  '203' => Net::HTTPNonAuthoritativeInformation,
  '204' => Net::HTTPNoContent,
  '205' => Net::HTTPResetContent,
  '206' => Net::HTTPPartialContent,
  '207' => Net::HTTPMultiStatus,
  '208' => Net::HTTPAlreadyReported,
  '226' => Net::HTTPIMUsed,

  '300' => Net::HTTPMultipleChoices,
  '301' => Net::HTTPMovedPermanently,
  '302' => Net::HTTPFound,
  '303' => Net::HTTPSeeOther,
  '304' => Net::HTTPNotModified,
  '305' => Net::HTTPUseProxy,
  '307' => Net::HTTPTemporaryRedirect,
  '308' => Net::HTTPPermanentRedirect,

  '400' => Net::HTTPBadRequest,
  '401' => Net::HTTPUnauthorized,
  '402' => Net::HTTPPaymentRequired,
  '403' => Net::HTTPForbidden,
  '404' => Net::HTTPNotFound,
  '405' => Net::HTTPMethodNotAllowed,
  '406' => Net::HTTPNotAcceptable,
  '407' => Net::HTTPProxyAuthenticationRequired,
  '408' => Net::HTTPRequestTimeout,
  '409' => Net::HTTPConflict,
  '410' => Net::HTTPGone,
  '411' => Net::HTTPLengthRequired,
  '412' => Net::HTTPPreconditionFailed,
  '413' => Net::HTTPPayloadTooLarge,
  '414' => Net::HTTPURITooLong,
  '415' => Net::HTTPUnsupportedMediaType,
  '416' => Net::HTTPRangeNotSatisfiable,
  '417' => Net::HTTPExpectationFailed,
  '421' => Net::HTTPMisdirectedRequest,
  '422' => Net::HTTPUnprocessableEntity,
  '423' => Net::HTTPLocked,
  '424' => Net::HTTPFailedDependency,
  '426' => Net::HTTPUpgradeRequired,
  '428' => Net::HTTPPreconditionRequired,
  '429' => Net::HTTPTooManyRequests,
  '431' => Net::HTTPRequestHeaderFieldsTooLarge,
  '451' => Net::HTTPUnavailableForLegalReasons,

  '500' => Net::HTTPInternalServerError,
  '501' => Net::HTTPNotImplemented,
  '502' => Net::HTTPBadGateway,
  '503' => Net::HTTPServiceUnavailable,
  '504' => Net::HTTPGatewayTimeout,
  '505' => Net::HTTPVersionNotSupported,
  '506' => Net::HTTPVariantAlsoNegotiates,
  '507' => Net::HTTPInsufficientStorage,
  '508' => Net::HTTPLoopDetected,
  '510' => Net::HTTPNotExtended,
  '511' => Net::HTTPNetworkAuthenticationRequired,
}

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from HTTPHeader

#[], #[]=, #add_field, #basic_auth, #chunked?, #connection_close?, #connection_keep_alive?, #content_length, #content_length=, #content_range, #content_type, #delete, #each_capitalized, #each_capitalized_name, #each_header, #each_name, #each_value, #fetch, #get_fields, #initialize_http_header, #key?, #main_type, #proxy_basic_auth, #range, #range_length, #set_content_type, #set_form, #set_form_data, #set_range, #size, #sub_type, #to_hash, #type_params

Constructor Details

#initialize(httpv, code, msg) ⇒ HTTPResponse

:nodoc: internal use only


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 78

def initialize(httpv, code, msg)   #:nodoc: internal use only
  @http_version = httpv
  @code         = code
  @message      = msg
  initialize_http_header nil
  @body = nil
  @read = false
  @uri  = nil
  @decode_content = false
end

Instance Attribute Details

#codeObject (readonly)

The HTTP result code string. For example, '302'. You can also determine the response type by examining which response subclass the response object is an instance of.


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 95

def code
  @code
end

#decode_contentObject

Set to true automatically when the request did not contain an Accept-Encoding header from the user.


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 107

def decode_content
  @decode_content
end

#http_versionObject (readonly)

The HTTP version supported by the server.


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 90

def http_version
  @http_version
end

#messageObject (readonly) Also known as: msg

The HTTP result message sent by the server. For example, 'Not Found'.


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 98

def message
  @message
end

#uriObject

The URI used to fetch this response. The response URI is only available if a URI was used to create the request.


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 103

def uri
  @uri
end

Class Method Details

.body_permitted?Boolean

true if the response has a body.


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 22

def body_permitted?
  self::HAS_BODY
end

.exception_typeObject

:nodoc: internal use only


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 26

def exception_type   # :nodoc: internal use only
  self::EXCEPTION_TYPE
end

.read_new(sock) ⇒ Object

:nodoc: internal use only


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 30

def read_new(sock)   #:nodoc: internal use only
  httpv, code, msg = read_status_line(sock)
  res = response_class(code).new(httpv, code, msg)
  each_response_header(sock) do |k,v|
    res.add_field k, v
  end
  res
end

Instance Method Details

#bodyObject Also known as: entity

Returns the full entity body.

Calling this method a second or subsequent time will return the string already read.

http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
  puts res.body
}

http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
  p res.body.object_id   # 538149362
  p res.body.object_id   # 538149362
}

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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 234

def body
  read_body()
end

#body=(value) ⇒ Object

Because it may be necessary to modify the body, Eg, decompression this method facilitates that.


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 240

def body=(value)
  @body = value
end

#code_typeObject

response <-> exception relationship


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 117

def code_type   #:nodoc:
  self.class
end

#error!Object

:nodoc:

Raises:


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 121

def error!   #:nodoc:
  message = @code
  message += ' ' + @message.dump if @message
  raise error_type().new(message, self)
end

#error_typeObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 127

def error_type   #:nodoc:
  self.class::EXCEPTION_TYPE
end

#headerObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 149

def header   #:nodoc:
  warn "Net::HTTPResponse#header is obsolete", uplevel: 1 if $VERBOSE
  self
end

#inspectObject


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 109

def inspect
  "#<#{self.class} #{@code} #{@message} readbody=#{@read}>"
end

#read_body(dest = nil, &block) ⇒ Object

Gets the entity body returned by the remote HTTP server.

If a block is given, the body is passed to the block, and the body is provided in fragments, as it is read in from the socket.

If dest argument is given, response is read into that variable, with dest#<< method (it could be String or IO, or any other object responding to <<).

Calling this method a second or subsequent time for the same HTTPResponse object will return the value already read.

http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
  puts res.read_body
}

http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
  p res.read_body.object_id   # 538149362
  p res.read_body.object_id   # 538149362
}

# using iterator
http.request_get('/index.html') {|res|
  res.read_body do |segment|
    print segment
  end
}

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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 202

def read_body(dest = nil, &block)
  if @read
    raise IOError, "#{self.class}\#read_body called twice" if dest or block
    return @body
  end
  to = procdest(dest, block)
  stream_check
  if @body_exist
    read_body_0 to
    @body = to
  else
    @body = nil
  end
  @read = true

  @body
end

#read_headerObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 154

def read_header   #:nodoc:
  warn "Net::HTTPResponse#read_header is obsolete", uplevel: 1 if $VERBOSE
  self
end

#reading_body(sock, reqmethodallowbody) ⇒ Object

body


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 163

def reading_body(sock, reqmethodallowbody)  #:nodoc: internal use only
  @socket = sock
  @body_exist = reqmethodallowbody && self.class.body_permitted?
  begin
    yield
    self.body   # ensure to read body
  ensure
    @socket = nil
  end
end

#responseObject

header (for backward compatibility only; DO NOT USE)


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 144

def response   #:nodoc:
  warn "Net::HTTPResponse#response is obsolete", uplevel: 1 if $VERBOSE
  self
end

#valueObject

Raises an HTTP error if the response is not 2xx (success).


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# File 'lib/net/http/response.rb', line 132

def value
  error! unless self.kind_of?(Net::HTTPSuccess)
end